Essay on Control Theory And Social Bonds

Essay on Control Theory And Social Bonds

Length: 1239 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Control Theory
Control theory was developed by Hirschi after examination of Merton’s Strain Theory and Durkheim 's Anomie Theory. It explains conformity through social bonds, which are attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief ( Zembroski, 2011). Attachment relates to family, schools, and peers. In poor disadvantaged neighborhoods, some parents have to deal with a lot of stress factors that causes their parenting to be very low in warmth. This causes the bond between parents to diminish, therefore their discipline and values are poor (Hoffmann, 2002). Same goes with schools and peers. In a poor neighborhood there is not enough financial support to have adequate schools, teachers, and activities. When school is inadequate then delinquency is formed, such that poor academic performance begins as a chain of disrespect for the school, teachers, staff and, later, authority as a whole (Hoffmann, 2002; Zembroski, 2011). Peers sometimes tend to be involved in delinquent behavior, causing young adults to be pressured into a life of crime (Church II, Jaggers, & Taylor, 2011). The second bond is commitment and it relates to the degree to which the individual’s self-interest in a set of activities connects the individual to society’s morals (Zembroski, 2011). This basically means that the individual needs to have self worth and aspirations. Unfortunately in low income neighborhoods, these feelings are extremely low for some. They grew up with generations of family living in that neighborhood and with the idea that they will forever be stuck there. They see it within their neighbors and friends, that the only way to survive is to commit crime. They see nothing else bigger than the streets they live on, so they continue the path they beli...


... middle of paper ...


...Youths turn to crime to achieve these goals because there lacks access to both learning and performance structures in the community, therefore, there is no social structure that underwrites career delinquency and criminal subcultures (Becker, 2013). In lower class neighborhoods, there a little to no institutional resources to shape moral character or collective efficacy to supervise the youth. They do not have enough money for neighborhood watch programs, civilian patrols, block groups, public safety committees, or police partnership (Becker, 2013). This leads to dense crime problems because the children only learn their moral character and values from what they see on the street. And since there is no surveillance or protection in these neighborhoods, the things they see on the streets is crime and they see that it is the only way to achieve their cultural goals.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Theory Of Social Bonds Essay

- Several criminological theorists contend that social development can lead to an increase in the propensity for criminality. While there are various social and environmental factors that can be attributed to this association, the following provides discussion on the role of social bonds. Understanding the role of social bonds will provide further insight on how they impact the process of developing an increased propensity for criminality. In 1969, Travis Hirschi introduced social bond theory as a means to explain the importance of one’s social bonds in strengthening conformity (Lilly, Cullen, & Ball, 2015)....   [tags: Sociology, Social control theory]

Better Essays
713 words (2 pages)

Social Bonds: Aboriginal Gang Formation in Canada Essay example

- ... In particular, since they have invested heavily in conforming these individuals have more to lose than those who have not invested in their future in a conforming fashion. (Reginald et al, 1995). Third, is involvement, which Hirschi utilized in order to illustrate that when large amounts of structured time are invested in socially approved activities, such as sports or work, the time for available deviance is drastically reduced (Reginald et al, 1995). Specifically, active engagement in conventional endeavors acts as a powerful protective factor against delinquency (Huebner and Betts, 2002)....   [tags: social control theory]

Better Essays
2849 words (8.1 pages)

Social Control Theory And Its Impact On Society Essay

- There are many things in today’s society that unknowingly control our actions and behaviors. Bonds that exist with our surroundings have a profound effect on how we live our lives. Since the 1900’s conformity has been the focus of every society here on Earth. If people are given an idea about what is right or wrong and the outcomes for each decision are clearly shown; the chance for deviance is greatly lessened. This summary will contain history of the social control theory and how its ideas and beliefs have evolved today....   [tags: Sociology, Social control theory, Behavior]

Better Essays
1918 words (5.5 pages)

A Program Based On Social Learning Theory Essay

- While the program draws on social learning theory’s main concepts it does lack some integral components to the theory that if adopted would aid in the success of the program. This program is aimed at 7th and 8th graders for only 12 weekly sessions that may last up to an hour. According to social learning theory the earlier, longer, and more frequently an individual is exposed to a program the greater effect it will have on behavior. The more a student’s “patterns of differential association are balanced in the greater exposure” to non-deviant behaviors the more likely they are to engage in non-deviant behaviors (Akers & Jensen, 2006, 39)....   [tags: Sociology, Behavior, Social control theory]

Better Essays
875 words (2.5 pages)

Essay on Travis Hirschi's Social Control Theory: Helpful or False?

- In this essay I will first explain what a Social Control Theory is and how Hirschi developed his theory ‘Social Bond’ from this, I will also discuss further development of his theory with Gottfredson in a ‘General Theory of Crime’. I will then discuss and consider the criticisms of both theories before providing my own conclusion, including why his theory is still relevant in today’s society. Control theories take on a different approach to other previous theories such as….. Most theorists ask ‘why someone commits a crime’ whilst control theories look at why most people chose not to commit crime....   [tags: Social Control Theory, sociology, Travis Hirschi, ]

Better Essays
1196 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on The Theory Of Social Bond Theory

- generalizable to the population because the social bonds solely emphasized on typical white families. However, the psychodynamic theory managed to address the weaknesses of the social bond theory because it’s generalizable towards the population to a greater extent. For instance, psychodynamic theory interventions were tested on the African population in Nigeria who were adolescents from the lower class as these psychodynamic interventions were easy to conduct among populations in order to draw inferences (Taiwo & Osinowo, 2011, pp....   [tags: Crime, Sociology, Social control theory, Morality]

Better Essays
1065 words (3 pages)

Essay about Social Control Theory

- Social control theory has become one of the more widely accepted explanations in the field of criminology in its attempt to account for rates in crime and deviant behavior. Unlike theories that seek to explain why people engage in deviant behavior, social control theories approach deviancy from a different direction, questioning why people refrain from violating established norms, rules, and moralities. The theory seeks to explain how the normative systems of rules and obligations in a given society serve to maintain a strong sense of social cohesion, order and conformity to widely accepted and established norms....   [tags: Criminal Justice]

Better Essays
1236 words (3.5 pages)

Essay on Social Bonds and Deviance Goes Against the Norm

- Social Bonds and Deviance Deviance is a term used to describe behavior that goes against the established social and cultural norms. The concept of deviance is complex because norms vary considerably across groups, times, and places. Essentially, individuals commit deviant behavior when society defines it as such. Within the field of criminology, a number of theories exist that attempt to explain why some people engage in deviant behavior, while others abstain from it. One of these theories is Travis Hirschi’s, social bond theory, which eventually becomes the blueprint for subsequent control theories....   [tags: hirschi, criminology, relationships]

Better Essays
1999 words (5.7 pages)

Essay on An Empirical Investigation Of Social Bonds And Juvenile Delinquency

- Thesis: The main idea and focus of my research is to determine whether or not a child’s social, environmental, and parental factors influence their behavior using the social control/social bonds theory. Chui W, Chan H. (2012). An empirical investigation of social bonds and juvenile delinquency in hong kong. Child & Youth Care Forum, 41, 371-386 “This study aims to test all Hirschi’s social bond elements with a sample of secondary educated male and female Hong Kong adolescents” (Chui, & Chan, 2012, pg....   [tags: Family, Foster care, Sociology]

Better Essays
1778 words (5.1 pages)

The Control Theory Essays

- Control Theory is the theory of support. This theory demonstrates an individual's social bonds in relation to their performance. Since certain bonds are stronger in certain kinds of lifestyles the affects will be different in all situations. Control theorists believe “in the rationality of the criminal act that the individual behaves in a criminal manner for ordinary reasons, and this behavior arises out of the person’s own free will” (Moyer, 2001, 133). However, deviant behavior is prevalent in today’s society....   [tags: Sociology]

Better Essays
2607 words (7.4 pages)