What is contrastive analysis ?
Contrastive analysis (CA), a method of linguistic analysis is concerned with a pair of languages and its main assumption is founded on the comparison of different languages .CA also includes contrastive grammar which identifies and characterizes special domain in languages . The idea of contrastive analysis grew out of observing students learning a second language. Each student or group of students tended to repeat the same linguist...
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...study of a pair of language in order to identifying their differences and similarities with the supposition the different elements between the native and the target language will cause learning problems, while similar elements will not cause any problems . The main idea of contrastive analysis , as suggested by Robert Lado in his book Linguistics Across Cultures (1957), was that it is possible to identify the areas of difficulty a particular foreign language will present for native speakers of another language by systematically comparing the two languages and cultures . Where the two languages and cultures are similar , learning difficulties will not be anticipated , where they are different , then learning difficulties are to be expected , and the greater the difference, the greater the degree of expected difficulty.
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