The Construction of St. Peter's Basilica Essay

The Construction of St. Peter's Basilica Essay

Length: 758 words (2.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Constantinian, or Old St. Peter’s, Basilica was constructed c. 354 BCE. Having recently gained control of the land where the Vatican now sits, Constantine desired to display his power and wealth by building something magnificent. The grave of St. Peter was chose as the site for Constantine’s exhibition. Old St. Peter’s Basilica marked the alleged site of his burial, and became the most important building in the Roman Catholic Church. Pilgrimage to this shrine became the goal of many Christians throughout the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance. In 1420, shortly after the Great Schism, Pope Martin V returned the papacy to Rome and noticed the disarray that had fallen upon the basilica. Martin performed a few partial restorations, but nothing lasting. By 1455, the structure was falling apart. Pope Nicholas V desired to fully reconstruct the edifice, but he died before completing any plans. It was not until 1506, with the papacy of Julius II, that actual progress happened.
Pope Julius II decided to demolish Old St. Peter’s and erect a completely new structure in its place. This idea was highly contested due to the venerated status of the old building. However, the pope was confident in the accomplishments of the Renaissance architects, and believed that this new building should exemplify the wealth and power of the Roman Catholic Church. Funded mainly by indulgences, Julius continued with his plans and constructed the “greatest building in Christendom.”
Bramante, a Renaissance architect, was the first to undertake the design of the basilica. He was already well known for is construction of Il Tempietto, or, The Little Temple, built on the supposed site of St. Peter’s crucifixion. His history with the saint and impeccable work ...


... middle of paper ...


...le to gather near the church; it perfectly accentuated the grandeur of the previous architect’s endeavors.



Works Cited
Bannister, C. Turpin. "The Constantinian Basilica of Saint Peter at Rome." JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY OF ARCHITECTURAL HISTORIANS Volume 27, no. 1 (1968): 3-32.
Campbell, Ian. "The New St Peter's: Basilica or Temple?." Oxford Art Journal Volume 4, no. 1 (1981): 3-8.
Gordon, George. The Complete Poetical Works of Lord Byron: In Two Volumes. Philadelphia: Moses Thomas, 1813
Matthews, Roy T., F. DeWitt Platt, and F.X. Thomas Noble. The Western Humanities Volume II: The Renaissance To The Present. 7th Edition ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 2011.
Spielvogel, Jackson J.. Western civilization. 8th ed. Boston: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2012.
Stokstad, Marilyn, and Michael Watt Cothren. Art History. 4th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Prentice Hall, 2011.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Papal Basilica Of St Peter 's Basilica Essay

- The Papal Basilica of St Peter in the Vatican, or simply St Peter’s Basilica is one of the largest church’s in the world with a total area of 44000 square meter, with 219 square meter of the basilica itself. (Dupre’, J., 2001, p.65) Located in Vatican City, the papal enclave within Rome, St Peter’s Basilica is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture. There were 4 main architects who contributed to the project Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno, and Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Construction began on the new basilica on 18 April 1506 under Julius II, who also laid the first stone and was completed on 1615 under Paul V....   [tags: St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, Pope, Popes]

Better Essays
1030 words (2.9 pages)

The Temple of Apollo at Didyma and Old Saint Peter’s Basilica Essay

- Many modern day Christian beliefs and practices were taken from early pagan practices. In fact, the sacred Greek Temple Of Apollo, Didyma (modern day Turkey) and the Christian Old Saint Peter’s Basilica on Vatican Hill, Rome were similar in history, religion, and intended function as a place of worship. The structural aspects of the two have few similarities, however, that is not to say that the pagan influence on the church building was nonexistent. The Temple of Apollo at Didyma was designed by two Greek architects, Paionios of Ephesos, and Dafhnis of Miletos....   [tags: Temple of Apollo at Didyma, religion, Old Saint Pe]

Better Essays
899 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on The Vatican: Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy

- The Vatican: Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy "And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it." Matthew 16:18 Saint Peter's Basilica in the Vatican is one of the most exquisite churches in the world. The Basilica's importance is derived from the Bible, from the book of Matthew. The Apostle Peter is buried under the High Altar of Saint Peter's Basilica, providing fulfillment to the directive that Jesus gave to Peter....   [tags: Church Rome Italy Essays]

Better Essays
2803 words (8 pages)

Essay on The Vatican : Past and Present

- One of the most important and the largest monument and public space is the St. Peter’s Basilica ("St. Peter's Basilica" ). It initially built by the emperor Constantine on top of St. Peter’s grave (SCTJM 2006) . It was done when Pope Sylvester I was the head of the church ("St. Peter's Basilica" 2014). What we see right now the renovated version of St. Peters. Once the old church started to deteriorate Pope Nicolas V declared it to be unsafe and requested Bernardo Rossellino to rebuild the church....   [tags: St. Peter's basilica in Rome]

Better Essays
991 words (2.8 pages)

Religious Toleration For Christianity With The Edict Of Milan Essay

- After Emperor Constantine established religious toleration for Christianity with the Edict of Milan (313 A.D.), Christians were allowed to build places of worship. The authorization for the building of the basilica came in 324 with the purpose of having St. Peter’s tomb be the center of the structure as he was martyred in the Circus of Nero in 1 AD. Blessed in 329, the basilica was an extensive building with a center focus, or nave, four aisles and a transept. Located on the exterior was a staircase in front of the basilica, also known as Paradise, with a fountain in the middle for the cleansing of disciples (ablutions of the catechumens)....   [tags: St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, Pope, Pope Julius II]

Better Essays
740 words (2.1 pages)

The Building History of the Church of St Peter in Rome Essay

- ‘Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven; and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth, shall be bound in heaven, and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.' (The Bible, Matthew 16:18-19) The church of St Peter’s is vital to Christian pilgrimage and is considered most pious of all the churches in Christendom. The reason behind this credence is clear from the quote above....   [tags: demands, Christian World, Jesus]

Better Essays
1614 words (4.6 pages)

Essay on Baroque Style Basilicas

- Baroque Artwork Throughout the Baroque Ages, many artists created paintings and sculptors due to their great religious beliefs or creativity during their time. It was the beginning of new masterpieces and the show of how creative the arts could be. Out of these masterpieces, there were three famous buildings that contained the most extravagant artwork. They are the St. Peter’s Basilica, the Versailles, and the Hampton Court. These works had great designs that were elegant and creative, which are perfect examples of baroque styles....   [tags: saint peter's basilica, versaies basilica]

Better Essays
953 words (2.7 pages)

Analysis of The Basilica of St. Denis Essay

- Ziggy Marley once said, “God is like the sun. When the sun shines, it shines for everyone. God is for everyone.” In the same way, Abbot Suger built the Basilica of St. Denis so that sunlight would flood throughout the building and symbolize the power of God inviting visitors into the cathedral. The Basilica of St. Denis was an artistic response to the rise of the Catholic Church’s power for it was modeled to be a physical representation of heaven, which the church heavily preached upon. (Thesis) As the basilica represented the shift from Romanesque architecture to Gothic, Abbot Suger introduced new techniques that transformed cathedrals to look more spacious and “heavenly”....   [tags: basilica, cathedral, church, abbot suger]

Better Essays
1483 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on Construction Activities

- ABSTRACT “SIMULATION OF CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITES USING PROCESS SIMULATION SOFTWARE FOR EFFICIENCY IN COST, DURATION AND PRODUCTIVITY” A construction project involves numerous complex construction activities, which are influenced by uncertainties. A considerable number of activities cannot be experimented before the actual project because they would cost a noteworthy amount of time and money. These construction activities can be analyzed using simulation software packages. There are various simulation software packages available in the market....   [tags: Construction]

Better Essays
4329 words (12.4 pages)

Essay on Construction Education

- In the construction domain, the semantic web has been used in the field of construction education, supply chain, project and construction management, material storage, project design, architecture and graphic designs, etc. In the field of construction education, repositories have been developed in managing objects as well as metadata using ontologies that offers a set of services such as storing, retrieving and searching of learning objects using semantic web technologies(Ahmed et al. 2007; Pathmeswaran and Ahmed 2009; Argüello et al....   [tags: Construction]

Better Essays
672 words (1.9 pages)