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One hundred and forty seven billion dollars. This is the estimated cost of obesity in the United States (CDC, 2013). Today, obesity is on trend to being one of the biggest public health challenges since tobacco (Perry & Creamer, ). In 2010 33.7% of US adults and 17% of children aged 2-19 were considered obese (CDC, 2013). While obesity is rising at an exponential rate, there is disconnect between how society views and defines obesity and the actual medical costs and future health risks the disease holds (ACSM, 2010). This is where medical professionals need to bridge the gap of medical and social construction.
Medical Construction of Obesity:
The American Medical Association defines overweight and obesity as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. To classify weight status the most commonly used parametric in adults is Body Mass Index (BMI) a measure of weight-for-height (Weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared) (Cawley, ). A BMI greater than or equal to twenty-five is considered overweight, and a BMI greater than or equal to thirty is considered obese. BMI is calculated differently in children because of...
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Dorsey KB, Wells C, Krumholz HM,Concato JC. "DIagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of Childhood Obesity in Pediatric Practice." Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 159.7 (2005): 632-8. Print.
Fitzgerald, Charity Samantha. "The Childhood Obesity Epidemic as a Burgeoning Site of Social Stratification." The University Of Chiago School of Social Service Administration. 2013.Web.
Malnor, Katherine. "Fat Teen Trouble: A Sociological Perspective of Obesity in Adolescents." Sociology Macalester College, 2006. Print.
Moffat, Tina. "The ?Childhood Obesity Epidemic?:" Medical anthropology quarterly 24.1 (2010): 1-21. Print.
Perry, Cheryl L., and MeLisa R. Creamer. "The Childhood Obesity Epidemic: Lessons Learned from Tobacco." The Journal of pediatrics.0 Print.
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