The Constitutional Approach, Psychodynamic And Freudian Approaches, And Trait Approach

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Our personalities are what distinguish us from each other beyond our appearance; without them, we would all behave and react in the same way. Personality is the reason we are outgoing or introverted, persistent or blaze, and anxious or calm. We each have different levels of these competing characteristics that make us unique. But why are personalities so varied? Personality is determined by an array of factors from genetic and biological to the personal experiences and decisions we have faced from the day we are born. The complexity of our personalities cannot be simply explained, and for this reason there exists many different theories of how it’s developed and personality is still deeply under study. I went into this subject with an open-mind but hadn’t realized how much about personality is so unknown still. I’ve learned about several aspects of personality that I had no previous knowledge of. What I’ve learned has truly surpassed my expectations. The topics I found most interesting were the constitutional approach, Psychodynamic and Neo-Freudian approaches, and trait approach. The theories of Personality class has shaped my understanding of personality, particularly the portions covering the constitutional approach, Psychodynamic and Neo-Freudian approaches, and trait approach. First of all, the class reintroduced me to the constitutional approach in respect to personality theory. I had heard of the nature versus nurture conflict before in other classes both relating and unrelated to psychology. What I didn’t know however was how this concept applied to personalities, as well as, how intertwined this argument can be. To illustrate, Going into the section about the constitutional approach, I assumed that nurture, or enviro... ... middle of paper ... ...factor to understanding why a person reacts and behaves the way they do. For example, someone’s addictive behavior may be linked to family history (genetics), in addition to environmental factors (being surrounded by other individuals who are addicted). Understanding this, could further prepare me to help someone in this situation. I can now identify what the addiction may be a result of, and use the information to try and influence change. By helping someone see how these factors contribute to their lifestyle, they may agree to work on changing their environment and understand how family history of a disease influences them on a biological level. Conclusively, the Theories of Personality class has shaped my understanding and critical thinking ability, especially in regards to the constitutional approach, psychodynamic and neo-Freudian approaches, and trait approach.

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