The biggest sculptor of the XXth century, Constantin Brancusi the central figure in the modern art movement and a pioneer of abstractization is considered to be the father of modern sculpture. The uniqueness of his sculptures comes from their elegance and the sensible use of his materials combining the simplicity of popular Romanian art and the elegant Parisian avangardism.
The most important characteristics of Brancusi’s art are probably the verticality, horizontality, the density and the interest he shows in using light and space. His work had a major influence in the modern concept of “form” in sculpting, painting and drawing.
Brancusi was born in 1876 in the Habita village.. During his childhood he learned to sculpt wood, to manufacture different household utensils, because at that time in Romania those were made out of wood as were the facades and piers. The style of these ornaments will influence Brancus’s work. Brancusi used to state that his way of life was influenced by his country of origin and that means simplicity, common sense and love for nature.
When he was nine years old he left home and had to take care of himself working for six years in a little shop in Craiova helping the owner continuing to sculpt in wood. He manufactured a violin for himself and drew the attention of a client. This client helped Brancusi to get addmited to the School of Arts in Craiova.
In 1889 after he graduated , Brancusi got into the School of fine arts in Bucharest. Although he felt he was drawn more to the art and sculptures made by independents rather than those of academicians inside the school the artist studied throuly anatomy and modeling
“Ecorsul”, a sculpture made during that period of time 1902 to be...
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... equilibrium and harmony will reign.
Being true to the philosophy and esthetics he chose in the beginning, meaning Socrates and Milapere Brancusi dominated his era by introducing a new will for universitality tied to the desire for peace and the rejection of catastrophes.
When he died , Brancusi gave away his works to the Art Museum in Paris with the sole condition that his workshop would be completely rebuilt inside the museum. His sculptures can be admired in private collections and in museums around the world like Museum of Art in Philadelphia, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, Musee d`Art Moderne, Paris and so forth.
David Lewis - Constantin Brancusi – London 1974
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