Essay PreviewMore ↓
The characteristics of the cities, the migration of people, and the churches were some of the factors contributing to the spread of conservatism. Orange County was a perfect setting for the Right because suburbs such as Anaheim, Garden Grove, Buena Park, and Santa Ana provided economic and racial homogeneity, which were cities predominantly middle class and all white. Migrants of the 1960s were not like those during the Gold Rush because they arrive in California as a family unit to start a new life instead of single men mining for gold. Some of these newcomers brought with them morals and values from their hometown that fits well with ethos of conservatism. Churches became an important part of the community for the people of Orange County for old residents as well as the new. It was a place where people with common beliefs congregated, offering a sense of bond and familiarity. The number of Protestant churches, Methodists churches, Episcopal churches, and Baptist churches all grew in large numbers while preaching strict morals and anti-liberal beliefs. The location, the kind of people living in these locations, and their beliefs are but some of the contributions to conservative mobilization.
The middle-class and upper-middle men and women of Orange County made tremendous efforts to mobilize conservatism. They are small business owners, sales men, housewives, pharmacists, city officials, and even doctors, dentists, and engineers.
How to Cite this Page
"Conservative Movements Of The 1960s." 123HelpMe.com. 24 Feb 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- A retrospective look at the crisis of the 1970s which contributed to the rise of the the Conservative movement—as a pivot between two different eras in the history of U.S. capitalism and by extension US labor relations—are not just an exercise in nostalgia. Rather, it is an opportunity to try to extract lessons from these crises, and to apply them to our current situation. The 1970’s were in fact a turning point in public sector labor relations. This turning point has had long ranging effects on how states and municipalities deal with public sector unions.... [tags: history, politics, ]
2366 words (6.8 pages)
- The 1970s was a tumultuous time in the United States. In some ways, the decade was a continuation of the 1960s. Women, African Americans, Native Americans, gays and lesbians and other marginalized people continued to fight for their freedom, while many other Americans joined in the demonstration against the ongoing war in Vietnam. Due to these movements, the 1970s saw changes in its national identity, including modifications in social values. These social changes showed up in the fashion industry as well, delivering new outlooks in the arenas of both men’s and women’s clothing.... [tags: marginalized people, vietnam war]
1962 words (5.6 pages)
- International Relations Theories 1: What, if anything, does the case of Neo-conservative thought and the invasion of Iraq tell us about the relationship between ‘theory’ and ‘reality’. There is no doubt that Neo-conservative thought played a major role in instigating the Iraq War. The focus of this essay will be concerned with the proposal of Neo-conservative theory creating the circumstances surrounding the Iraq war in order to acquire some control and recognition as an important theory through policy formation; an argument that supported by a considerable amount of evidence.... [tags: United States, Iraq War, George W. Bush]
1579 words (4.5 pages)
- Although the conclusion of the Civil War during the mid-1860s demolished the official practice of slavery, the oppression and exploitation of African Americans has continued. Although the rights and opportunities of African Americans were greatly improved during Reconstruction, cases such a 1896’s Plessy v. Ferguson, which served as the legal basis for segregation, continue to diminish the recognized humanity of African Americans as equal people. Furthermore, the practice of the sharecropping system impoverished unemployed African Americans, recreating slavery.... [tags: politics, exploitation, oppression]
875 words (2.5 pages)
- In the documentary, Before Stonewall, there is a lot of information of the development of the experiences of the LGBTQ community in the United States during the 20th century leading up to the Stonewall riots in 1969. The United States has come a long way in terms of the LGBTQ community since the beginning of the 20th century and the beginning of the gay rights movement. In the early 1900s, being gay was considered illegal and many were arrested and taken to trials. Many people were also being treated by psychologists and doctors to be “cured” of this “disease.” Although, society was beginning to become aware of the homosexual subculture especially when the first American defense of homosexua... [tags: Homosexuality, LGBT, LGBT social movements]
877 words (2.5 pages)
- The Hippie Movement: The Philosophy behind the Counterculture The sixties was a decade of liberation and revolution, a time of great change and exciting exploration for the generations to come. It was a time of anti-war protests, free love, sit-ins, naked hippie chicks and mind-altering drugs. In big cities such as San Francisco, Los Angeles, New York and Paris, there was a passionate exchange of ideas, fiery protests against the Vietnam War, and a time for love, peace and equality. The coming together of like-minded people from around the world was spontaneous and unstoppable.... [tags: 1960s America, american history]
1428 words (4.1 pages)
- It is the year 2325, and I have been summoned to a dig site where my colleagues have made a unique discovery: a time capsule from the 1960s. Very carefully, my colleagues and I unearthed and opened this time capsule. Inside the time capsule we found five items that defined the era of the 1960s: a pair of bell bottomed pants, a sign that read Woolworth’s, a patch, birth control pills, and a speech. In this essay, I will explain in detail why each of these items is significant for describing the 1960s.... [tags: the 1960s]
1429 words (4.1 pages)
- The conservative movement has played a crucial role in American politics in the post war era. Ronald Story and Bruce Laurie indentify various elements of the American conservatism. These elements include challenging authoritarian governments and modernist culture, upholding tradition, Christian religion and the rule of law, defending western civilization, and supporting republicanism. American conservatism has been characterized by competing ideologies and tension throughout history. The Americans who are politically liberal and economically conservative favor free trade, minimal state intervention, low taxes, and a small government.... [tags: U.S. Politics ]
1550 words (4.4 pages)
- The new wave of the right wing conservative movement started in the 1980’s with the yuppies. The young urban professionals were all about business and money and of course most of them were part of the GOP (Republican Party). They strayed away from the left wing liberals like hippies most hippies could have had a yuppie as a baby. The presidents we had were a part of this movement to Ronald Reagan (1981-1989 Republican) started this movement; George Bush (1989-1993 Republican) kept the movement going, Bill Clinton (1993-2001 Democrat) the movement calmed down at this point.... [tags: essays research papers]
603 words (1.7 pages)
- The 1960s It may have been a decade of a myriad of effulgent paintings and intrepid space excursions, but for most people, resplendent canvases don't come near the cranium when someone mentions the 1960s. So just what do we associate the decade with. The most intriguing part of our prior erudition: hippies, flower power, peace, love, drugs, and Woodstock. All of the preceding are the very essence of the '60s in America; all of them had a distinct impact on the world. Presumably the most prominent aspect of the '60s was the evolution of the youthful generation into a powerful strong-minded group of people known as the hippies.... [tags: American America History]
1140 words (3.3 pages)
Conservatism was so deeply rooted in people that they went as far as making Ronald Reagan governor of California from 1967-1975. Conservatives do not agree with Democratic politics and Republican politics but realized they needed national representation for their cause to be effective. According to Lisa McGirr's Suburban Warriors: The Origins of the New American Right, conservatives affiliate themselves with the Republican Party in order to use "electoral politics as a vehicle to influence the national government" (McGirr, 113). They also wanted control of the California Republican Assembly (CRA) in order to steer the Republican Party to the Right and be able to elect a conservative Republican to state office. Conservative activists and organizations such as the John Birch Society, under the leadership of Robert Welch, did extremely well to support the movement that Barry Goldwater won the California primary and the Republican Party presidential nomination. Conservatives were elated at the thought that one of their own would hold office to represent them and their concerns. Supporters for the Goldwater campaign were on top of the game plan, going door-to-door collecting signatures. However, despite the conservative's exceptional work and their earnest desire to have a representative of their own in office, Goldwater did not win the national electorate because his extreme Right position frightened the general public, including some conservatives. Californians questioned the effectiveness of his leader ship when he makes such announcements as the use of "conventional nuclear weapons" (McGirr, 142).
Unlike Goldwater, Ronald Reagan steered clear from Goldwater's extremist mistakes and united the conservative Republican Party while gaining support from most Californians, both Democratic and Republicans. Goldwater did not succeed in his political campaign because "his militant and shrill rhetoric, and the hostile media attention he received" divided the conservative Republican Party, yet he did nothing to unite his fellow Right-wing supporters (McGirr, 143). Reagan united conservatives by changing the title of conservative Republicans to republican Republicans to symbolize unity, and urges his supporters that this does not change his conservative standing in any way. Reagan realized he also needed Democratic votes to have a fighting chance, and he addresses the concerns of Californians without using "alarmist, conspiratorial tones associated with the Right" (McGirr, 203). The combination of conservatives' unquenched thirst for one of their own to take office and Reagan's smart political campaigning helped him to attain an important political gain for the Right by the late 1960s. According to Competing Visions: A History of California, by Robert Cherny et al, Reagan went as far as winning this first and second terms because of his "personal appeal, pragmatism, and ideological conservatism" (Cherny et al, 370). Reagan wanted to ensure that he sets a good tone for conservatives, and that conservative candidates after himself would have a good fighting chance running for political positions. The conservative movement that first mobilized against communism with heavy support from middle-class men and women eventually turned away from that primary agenda, and ever more so after Reagan's election to governorship. Since Reagan's time, conservative Republicans have gained respect as a political entity and became the new Right.
A shift in late 1960s and early 1970s link conservatives with modern consumerism and wealth. The church is an important institution that played one of the central roles in conservatism, but it also gives religious entrepreneurs the chance to make their fortunes. The church upholds traditional values and morals, it is a place of worship, and it offers a sense of community for friends and church-goers alike. However, the church business was such a huge success in Orange County that it seemed "Christianity ranked as the city's second leading industry after real estate and motion pictures" (McGirr, 31). During the counter-cultural era between the late 1960s and early 1970s, church leaders such as preacher Chuck Smith made millions capitalizing off hippies. He offered a religious community for young people who are lost because they have abandoned their parents' principles and liberal ethos. As church-goers, conservatives became modern consumers by participating in church-sponsored events and businesses such as shopping at the Maranatha Village shopping center built by the Calvary Chapel. Another church leader, Robert Schuller, embraced materialism and consumerism by telling his congregation that God wants people to be successful and achieve great things (McGirr, 253).
The 1960s and 1970s helped shape the conservative movement to grow in popularity and allowed conservatives to enjoy modern benefits such as economic prosperity and consumerism without conforming to liberal ideologies. In the early 1960s, it was the grass roots mobilization to eradicate communism on a local level. At the national level a few years later, with regards to Ronald Reagan, conservatives have pushed the envelope to successfully elect a conservative representative as governor of California. The 1960s and 1970s also influence conservatives' modern lifestyle. Time changes people's preconceived ideologies in life, and religious entrepreneurs were more than willing to accommodate those changes as long as there is money in the bag. Church-goers like to hear that God encourages individual wealth and consumerism. Conveniently, the Calvary Chapel built the Maranatha Village shopping center allowing people to do their shopping. They are conservatives, yet they enjoy the wealth and consumerism of a modern society.