Frederick Douglass once said, “Where justice is denied, where poverty is enforced, where ignorance prevails, and where any one class is made to feel that society is an organized conspiracy to oppress, rob and degrade them, neither persons nor property will be safe.” He meant that if people are oppressed, one day they will pass their breaking point and fight back. As a consequence neither side will be safe or secure as violence and terror would corrupt them both. In A Tale of Two Cities by Charles Dickens, the author employs satire, symbolism, and irony to emphasize the social/economic inequality between the wealthy and the poor. The inequality is revealed by Dicken’s satirical description of the lifestyles of Monsignor of Chocolate and the Marquis Evrémonde. In contrast with the people in the wine cask scene; the scene indicates that the people are on their breaking point. Finally, the irony of the trials emphasizes Dicken’s warning to the upper class of England during the 1850s; if they abuse power then vengence will be sought. If action is not taken, England will be engulfed in violence and both the aristocracy and the peasants will suffer.
Charles Dickens, an English writer and social critic, lived in England from 1812 to 1870 (Cody). Dickens usually critiques topics important to him or those that have affected him throughout his life. He grew up poor and was forced to work at an early age when his father was thrown into debtors prison (Cody). As he became a popular and widely known author he was an outspoken activist for the betterment of poor people’s lives (Davis). He wrote A Tale of Two Cities during the 1850s and published the book in 185...
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Colle, John. "Teaching A Tale of Two Cities." Yale-New Haven Teachers Institute. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2014.
Davis, Matthew. "Did Dickens really save poor children and clean up the slums?."BBC News. N.p., 7 Feb. 2012. Web. 25 May 2014.
Douglass, Frederick . "The Nation's Problem."Teaching American History. Ashland University, n.d. Web. 26 May 2014.
Griffith, George. “A Tale of Two Cities.” Novels for Students. Eds. Sheryl Ciccarelli and Marie Rose Napierkowski. Vol. 5. Detroit: Gale, 1999. 362-4.
Rulo, Kevin. "A tale of two mimeses: Dickens's A Tale of Two Cities and Rene Girard." Christianity and Literature 59.1 (2009): 5+. Literature Resource Center. Web. 25 May 2014.
"A Tale of Two Cities." Project Gutenberg. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2014.
"The Working Classes and The Poor."British Library. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2014.
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