When a human being goes into an advanced state of shock, the body will shut down and it will be unable to acknowledge external surroundings. Similarly, when a country experiences shock, it is not likely that its citizens will be able to fight back. The idea of taking advantage of this disorganized state in order to induce economic reform is described as “shock therapy” and was widely used by the United States since the 1970’s. University of Chicago professor and economist Milton Friedman developed the economic reform strategies used, which came to be known as Chicago School tactics, in developing countries. The ideas behind Chicago School economic reform support a free market economy with privatization in nearly every industry including education, military, prisons, and public spaces such as bridges and roads. In the case of Iraq, these strategies were implemented throughout the war, and its citizens could do little to prevent it. Consequently, they had to deal with the ongoing results of not only capitalism, but also the war. After the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States, and the subsequent decision to invade Iraq in 2003 (a country valuable for its vast oil reserves), Iraqi citizens experienced the effects of Shock and Awe, as well as a loss of culture due to Chicago School economic reforms.
The attacks on September 11, 2001 were used to mislead Americans into believing there were weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, which in turn justified the invasion. There was no official evidence that these weapons existed; the idea was based mostly on fear (Klein 414). In a situation like this one, something as small as an idea proved to be enough to create a shock. Additionally, in terms of ...
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... apart from other Middle Eastern countries, which made it the most reasonable country to invade.
The attacks on September 11, 2001 proved to be devastating not only to the United States, but also to Iraq. The tragedy was just the beginning of the shock that overcame Iraq in the following years. Many constantly lived in fear as bombs not only destroyed infrastructure, but also destroyed the lives of Iraqi civilians. The country’s rich culture was the source of comfort for many, but the looting deprived them of this comfort. All of this upheaval occurred because the war in Iraq was a red herring. Overall, the 2003 invasion and war in Iraq provided the shock necessary for Chicago School economic reforms to take place, however, citizens had to pay the price. The damage done attempts to erase the Iraqi culture and force its citizens to adhere to ideal Western standards.
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