Before moving deeper into the argument for the applicability of federalism to all states, we must first comprehend what this principle advocates. Described by Heywood as lying between the political organisation of a confederacy and a unitary state , federalism then can best be understood as a compromise between the extremes of decentralization in the former and of centralization in the latter, creating unity while simultaneously retaining regional diversity . This ‘mix’ is also typically entrenched in the form of a constitution which, to varying degrees, establishes the spheres of influence for what become known as the federal and state governments. This entrenchment of state and federal jurisdiction creates a division of sovereignty between the two governments, state and national, leaving neither one subordinate nor dependent upon the other for its authority, as found in unitary states. The very es...
... middle of paper ...
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