Philosophers agree that consciousness is man’s key to the concept of “self,” able to activate memory, values and feelings of identity, yet they remain conflicted as to how. Although Dualists contend that brain impulses and the consciousness of the soul are separate substances or processes, Functionalists believe introspective consciousness is a biological phenomenon of the brain that regulates perception and reasoning. Both find consciousness to be the source of “the self,” the “me” that defines an individual’s identity. Functionalist philosopher David Armstrong makes the argument that introspective consciousness is aligned with consciousness of self and feels that "unless mental activity is monitored by introspective consciousness, it is unlikely it will be remembered" (Armstrong, 1980). Anti-functionalists like Thomas Nagel argue that the "subjective character of experience” associated with consciousness can't be fully measured by physical description and that brain state...
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