The nineteenth century was a time of change for some it was for the best, but for other it was for the worse. Throughout the nineteenth century American’s held on to the idea of “manifest destiny”, the westward expansion. Also, with the discovery of gold in California (1848) and the completion of the transcontinental railroad (1869) those events pushed the American’s even more into the west. When the American’s continued to migrate west they encountered many Native American tribes, such as the Cherokee, Sioux, Cheyennes, and many more. Those Native American tribes brought the white man problems, because the natives were “in their way”. Rivalry over land, and natural resources became some of the many problems the white man and the Native American’s both faced, and in order to solve the problems the Americans came up with treaties.
As the white settlers continued to expand into the lower South, the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole nations were an obstacle to their expansion. President Andrew Jackson issued the Indian Removal Act, which negotiated removal treaties with Indian tribes. The Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole agreed to sign the treaty and move west, but the Cherokee were forced to abandon their land. The Cherokee defied the treaty because they felt it was not fair and the Supreme Court took their side. President Jackson ignored the Supreme Court and forcibly removed the Cherokee from their territory. President Jackson justified the removal of the tribes as the only way to protect them from complete extinction. He also said that they had advantages, because they will not have to deal with white contact and will eventually be assimilated to American ways. The demand for land from...
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... and can petition to become a US citizen. The government wanted to assimilate the Natives into civilized men who farmed and were educated. Sioux chief did not believe in this and thought it was “only another trick of the whites.” The Native Americans felt stripped from their customs and when they tried to be assimilated to white ways they were taken advantage of and treated as savages.
The nineteenth century was a time of discovery and production the Americans benefited mainly, because they conquered vast amount of land. On the other hand the Native American tribes lost most of their property and kept very little, and suffered from maltreatment. Many policies occurred during the nineteenth century mostly benefited the Americans and hurt the Natives. This century was about survival for many and for others was about conquering the land which already had owners.
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