Essay on Congressional Committees: The Workhorse of Legislature

Essay on Congressional Committees: The Workhorse of Legislature

Length: 638 words (1.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Most individuals with a general background knowledge of the United States Federal Government system are aware that in order for a bill to become a law, it must first pass a majority vote in Congress. There is, however, a very important step in the legislative process that sometimes goes unnoticed. The committee system of the legislation process ensures that the appropriate attention is given to each bill introduced to Congress. Each member of both chambers are assigned to committees and subcommittees, and are expected to become subject matter experts in their respective roles as committee members.
The committee system is necessary in order to ensure that each piece of legislation receives the consideration that it deserves. Judy Schneider summarizes that, “Due to the high volume and complexity of its work, Congress divides its legislative, oversight, and internal administrative tasks among committees and subcommittees” (The Committee System in the U.S. Congress 1). It would be a daunting task for each member of Congress to personally review each piece of legislation that is introduced each year. The purpose of the committees is to review legislation, based on the committee’s area of responsibility, and determine whether or not the bill will go through for voting to the whole congress.
There are four different types of congressional committees that serve to review legislation before a vote. The categories are standing, select, conference, and joint. Standing committees are both permanent and bicameral. The standing committee ensures that legislation which falls under a common or reoccurring category will always have a committee assigned to it. Select committees, on the other hand, focus on a specific issue, and are usually only ...

... middle of paper ...

...n the committee level.
To summarize, the congressional committee system is a double-edged sword. It ensures that appropriate attention is given to each bill, but it can be easily corrupted by partisan influence. Surely, though, the advantages far outweigh the consequences. Committees are an integral part of the law-making process. They help to expedite the process of passing laws and ensure that only relevant issues are brought to the chambers of Congress for consideration.

Works Cited

Congressional Research Service. The Committee System in the
U.S. Congress. By Judy Schneider. RS20794, 2 May 2003. Digital File.
Congressional Research Service. Committee Types and Roles. By
Valerie Heitshusen. Rept. no. 98-241, 10 Nov. 2010. Digital File.
Dautrich, Kenneth, and David A. Yalof. The Enduring Democracy.
3rd ed. Manson: Cengage Learning, 2013. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Legislative Process and the Congressional Committees

- The United States Congress was created by the framers of the Constitution as the most important part of the legislative branch of the national government. The Congress was set up with a bicameral structure composed by the House of Representatives or Lower Chamber and the Senate or Upper Chamber. According to “Origins and Development” and “History of the House”, two descriptions of the history of the Congress, both chambers assembled for the very first time in New York in 1789 and then moved to Philadelphia in 1790 where they stayed for 10 years....   [tags: Government]

Better Essays
1487 words (4.2 pages)

Congressional Committees And Senate Committees Essay

- Do you know what lobbyists and Congressional Committees do. Lobbyists, protected by the First Amendment, represent the people and interest groups. Congressional Committees work on drafting legislation. The way Congressional Committees work, how they divide members of Congress into different committees, how Congress passes laws and how lobbyists effect Congress are amazingly designed by our Founding Fathers. The way Congressional Committees are structured and operate is very detailed and complex....   [tags: United States Congress]

Better Essays
929 words (2.7 pages)

Essay about Congress: Budget Bill

- In the US the Congress must pass budget bills to give appropriations to different things to help this country run. It can be a very difficult process if the president and Congress belong to different parties because of their opposing views. It takes a lot of effort, compromising, patience, and will to have a bill passed. In this paper I will talk about different budget bills, the Congressional Committees they must go through, the president’s part in shaping/passing the bill, what the final bill will look like, the positives and negatives of the bill, and why I think it will or will not become a part of the budget....   [tags: congressional committees, appropriations]

Better Essays
2040 words (5.8 pages)

Congress, the Committees, and the House V.S. the Senate Essay

- Congress has many functions to keep it working and functioning. They do many things to make laws, make sure they’re fair, and much more. There are also many committees with important jobs. There are many things that influence congressional elections such as reapportionment, redistricting, much more. There are many people who make up the House and Senate and they have many important jobs to keep things running smoothly. One function of Congress is lawmaking. It is one of their main jobs to make rules for Americans, but they don’t initiate most of the bills they pass....   [tags: US Government]

Better Essays
1146 words (3.3 pages)

Congressional Committee Simulation: Manipulation and Play in Political Discussion.

- The simulation of a Congressional committee in class could arguably be called a success. One might ask why the “arguably” adjective is included, and it is for a very simple reason. While most of the students took the assignment seriously, a significant number did not really attempt to do the necessary work required of their role in it. This can be due to a fundamental misunderstanding of the exercise. It is important to know that while it can be inferred that this is a statement about the failure, this essay aims to explore the opposite....   [tags: democratic party, state government, roles]

Better Essays
1253 words (3.6 pages)

Congressional Position : House Of Representatives Essay

- If by some chance I am elected to a congressional position, a position where I could not only make a transformation in the lives of my loved ones; phenomenally, I would have the ability to help my entire state, and the USA literally, it would be the Georgia Speaker of the House of Representatives. The speaker of the house is the ruling rank of this legislative body, it is an important and dominant profession. Nonetheless, I know that I would be the perfect person to fulfill this occupation; like all the other members of the House, I would have earned my position from the polls....   [tags: United States]

Better Essays
736 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Congressional Oversight in American Politics

- Stemming from a loose interpretation of the Constitution – and specifically the necessary and proper clause -- congressional oversight is one of many enumerated powers bestowed upon Congress per Article 1, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution. As the legislative body, Congress is charged with overseeing the inner workings of the Executive Branch and its federal agencies as a part of a system of checks and balances. However, as previously mentioned, this power is one of the implied powers of Congress, thus making it very difficult for many to delineate rightful oversight from reckless meandering....   [tags: US Government ]

Better Essays
1286 words (3.7 pages)

Wilson's Congressional Government Essay

- Wilson’s classic work, Congressional Government, proves to be one of the most enjoyable reads in political science. While it is time bound in some small aspects its substance is timeless, and therefore correctly deserves the title of being a “classic.” As Wilson points out in the preface to the 15th edition, some of the facts and details have changed over time, but the substance of the work has not. In the introduction Wilson paints a picture of the United States government that is very critical, if not all together cynical....   [tags: Literary Analysis]

Better Essays
1161 words (3.3 pages)

Bicameral Legislature Essay

- Bicameral Legislature Bicameral legislature- A congress made up of two houses. In the U.S. it is the senate and the House of Representatives. Constitutional convention agreed to a bicameral legislation. Congressional Sessions- Each term of congress starts on January 3 of odd numbered years and lasts for two years. Sessions- a meeting that takes place twice in congress and usually lasts for most of the year. Congress remains in session until its members vote to adjourn. After adjournment the president may call congress back into meeting as a special session....   [tags: Papers]

Better Essays
1000 words (2.9 pages)

Bicameral Legislature Essays

- Famous American poet James Russell Lowell once said, “Democracy gives every man the right to be his own oppressor” (“Quotations” 2011). And it should be just that. James Russell Lowell successfully defined democracy when it is in its truest form; a citizen’s beliefs should be equally represented and considered for. The representative democracy instated in the United States presents the need for three branches in the government; they include the executive, legislative, and judicial branch. The Congress embodies the lawmaking branch of the government, having “all legislative powers” as it is stated in Article I of the Constitution....   [tags: U.S. Government ]

Better Essays
1408 words (4 pages)