Essay on Congo’s Struggles at the Bottom Billion Countries

Essay on Congo’s Struggles at the Bottom Billion Countries

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In the age of globalization and development, almost 80% of world populations are living in poverty. In the 20th century, after decolonization when most of the countries got their independency, it did not work how they wanted to. Most of the countries especially African countries, fell into deep poverty and debt which they could not stand on their feet. This paper will shed lights on the economic struggles of democratic republic of Congo and the reasons behind it then suggest some solutions.
Bottom billion countries is a term that is used to referring to those countries which are falling behind or falling apart economically (Collier 2007). One of the most apparent bottom billion countries is The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) formally known as Zaire , it is the second biggest country in Africa with a population of 65 million (Shah 2010). DRC had been colonized by Belgium Empire and that period had long term political and economic affects not to mention cultural and language control. Furthermore, at the period of colonization, DRC was extracted from most of its natural resources and the people were treated as slaves for almost a century and that went on till the 1960’s. After the 1960’s, when most of Africa including Zaire got their independency, the problems of running a country on their own started in addition to the rise of many other issues. Therefore, (Collier 2007) categorizes the problems that are holding back the bottom billion countries into four categories and called them traps. The traps are; the conflict trap, natural resources Trap, landlocked with bad neighbors and bad governance trap. in addition to the traps that Collier mentioned, Sachs (2005,56) has identified few other traps like Cultural barriers, geopol...


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...ferent circumstances. Traps of conflict, natural resources, landlocked and bad governance has impacted deeply on the economic development and improvement in Congo due to past and present problems and issues. In this paper, the traps that are holding back Congo along with some of solutions were mentioned and discussed briefly.



Works Cited

-Collier, Paul. The Bottom Billion. New York: Oxford University press, 2007.
-Katunga, John. "report from Africa." Wilson Center. Vol. 12. Wilson Center, n.d.
-Nibishaka, Emmanuel. "Natural resources and conflict in the Democratci Republic of Congo(DRC)." Rosa Luxemburg Stiftung. 2011.
-Sachs, Jeffery. The end of poverty. New York: the penguin press, 2005.
-Shah, Anup. The Democratic Republic of Congo. Global issues, 2010.
-Williams, Christopher. "Explaining the great war in Africa." Fletcherforum. Vol. 37:2. 2013.

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