In spring 1861, a newly elected President Abraham Lincoln made an attempt to send provisions to South Carolina that belonged to recently formed Confederate States of America. Commanded by the General P.G.T. Beauregard, southern troops opened a fire near Fort Sumter. Thus, the American Civil War started. There are a lot of sources, tending to analyze the causes of the “war between states”. Some old-time and contemporary historians view the contradictions between political parties, territorial conflicts, as well as highly diverging patterns of economy, dominating in Southern and Northern states as important triggers of the Civil War.
At the same time, particularly slavery constituted one of the key issues that made the socio-economic life of Southern states different from the one in the North and caused both a territorial split between Americans and severe contradictions of the political parties. The role of the slavery issue in the causation of the Civil War can be examined by the referral to the history of the slavery issue in the relations between states.
Slavery became usual for the Southern states during the colonial era. Despite the prevalence of slavery in the eighteenth century, the abolitionist movement led to the fact that the vast majority of states adopted legal acts, providing for limiting the trade in slaves. Nonetheless, the complete abolition of slavery did not take place at this time. In 1804, the Northern states provided for the complete abolition of slavery. However, the Southern states refused to do so, and the issue has remained unsolved until the adoption of the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. In spite of the preservation of slavery irr...
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...he conflict over slavery was clearly characterized by a long-term nature and manifested itself in a range of dimensions (economic, political and religious) allows claiming that slavery-related debate can be viewed as the major trigger of the contradictions between eh South and the North. At the same time, it is not worth underestimating the role of the economic discrepancies in determining the conflict between the parties. While the divergence of the economic patterns as such is not likely to be addressed as a major source of the conflict, it is important to remember that the South was highly dependent on the Northern states and Great Britain in economic terms. Therefore, while acknowledging the important role slavery-related debate played in the causation of the Civil War, the systematic nature of differences between the North and South shall be taken into account.
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