Essay on The Conflict Between Virginian Settlers And Indians

Essay on The Conflict Between Virginian Settlers And Indians

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Even though the critical aid of Indians had saved the settlers in Virginia from extinction, conflict—rooted in both ideological and practical reasons—was a prevalent tone in the relations between Virginian settlers and Indians during the 17th century. The undesirable relations began in the first months of the Jamestown colony. The early colonists in Jamestown viewed the Indians as savages and expressed hostility towards them. Captain John Smith established an unstable relationship with the Indians, occasionally stealing food from them. Tensions increased even further when tobacco cultivation became prominent in Virginia, which increased the demand for land as farmers required large tracts of farmland for tobacco cultivation. This increased demand for land caused settlers to expand into areas claimed by Indians. In fact, one of the major causes of Bacon’s Rebellion, the most powerful uprising against authority in North America prior to the Revolution, was the desire to expand into Native American lands. The series of conflicts that triggered Bacon’s rebellion began when Doeg Indians assaulted a plantation in retaliation for intrusions upon native land. White settlers struck back at the Indians in retaliation, triggering a positive feedback loop that provoked more assaults. Bacon eventually rebelled against Governor Berkeley due to Bacon’s dissatisfaction with the governor’s response to the escalating conflicts.
King Philip’s War, the longest and deadliest conflict between white settlers and natives during the 17th century, was a response to the growing dominance of the English and its disruptive effects on Indian society. The war was an act of resistance led by Metacomet (also known as King Philip), the chieftain of the Wampanoag t...


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...and ministers received governmental protection. Dissidents had little freedom to express their non-conformist views in Massachusetts. Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams, two prominent religious dissidents, were expelled from the colony.
Roger Williams eventually founded the colony of Rhode Island after his expulsion from Massachusetts. He advocated for complete separation of faith and state as a method to protect the church from secular corruption. Rhode Island’s government championed William’s ideology by guaranteeing religious freedom to all. For a while, Rhode Island was the only colony where all faiths may be freely practiced.
The Carolina colony also guaranteed religious freedom, albeit only to Christians. Although the proprietors of the colony were devoted Anglicans, the colony needed settlers and they were open to any Christian settlers who wished to migrate.

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