Conducting Medical Research on Animals Essay

Conducting Medical Research on Animals Essay

Length: 1230 words (3.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

“The notion that human life is sacred just because it is human life is medieval”, this was written by Peter Singer in his book Animal Liberation. Animals are all over, whether it is at home as companions, at the circus as entertainment, or in our closets as clothing. Citizens of the United States are aware that the medicines we are to take have to be approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), but many of us have been ignorant to how exactly the majority of these medicines are approved and who are the testing dummies that are used to come up with these medication. Conducting medical research with animals has caused break out of legal, scientific, and ethical dilemmas concerning that topic. In this paper I will try to give an unbiased understanding of the research experiments animals have to undergo and the ethical issue that arise supported by Peter Singer.
It has been recorded that physician-scientist such as Aristotle and Erasistratus has performed experiments on living animals. In 1937, a pharmaceutical company here in the United States, came up with a drug called Elixir Sulfanilamide. This drug consisted of a solvent that was highly poisonous which lead to the death of hundreds of people. It wasn’t until then that the Federal Food Drug and Cosmetic Act required testing of drugs on animals before they could be marketed to humans. In 1959, W.M.S. Russell and R.L. Burch introduced the three R’s for the use of humane treatment of animals. The first R is for the replacement of animals with non-living models, the second R is for the reduction in the use of animals, and the third R is for the refinement of animal use practices.
The Animal Welfare Act signed in 1966, is the only federal law that regulates the treatment of a...


... middle of paper ...


...ood stream. Still the question on pain comes up, do animals really feel pain or is it just an assumption. Pain is known to be as a “mental event” that only we feel and the only way people know that we are feeling pain is because we tell them. Animals on the other hand have their own way of communicating that they would like to be helped; behavior signs of pain include writhing, facial frowns, moaning, appearance of fear, and yelping. Lord Brain, the neurologist, once said “I at least cannot doubt that the interests and activities of animals are correlated with awareness and feeling in the same way as my own, and which may be just as vivid.” This explains that animals and humans do have a correlation among each other when it comes to their surroundings and activities. Therefore animals would be aware when they are in a tense environment and nonetheless feel pain.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Animal Testing And Its Effects On Animals

- Animal testing is very cruel experiments conducted on animals to see if a product would be safe to use on humans. These animals are held in cages and are kept there until the scientists figure out which kind of experiment they want to put the animal under. It should seem that this is considered animal abuse but sense the government does it then it is okay. However, it is not okay that innocent animals are held captive and injected among other things, only to see if a product is safe or not and the results can often be fatal....   [tags: Animal testing, Testing cosmetics on animals]

Strong Essays
1290 words (3.7 pages)

Humans Conducting Experiments on Other Humans Essay

- Human experimentation can be referred to in science as the use of human beings as experimental subjects for the fundamental purpose to develop or contribute to generalize knowledge about the physiological, psychological, or chemical processes involved in human functioning. Unacceptable human experimentation can be defined as experimentation on a human subject in which the subject is an unwilling or uninformed participant and/or the subject of the experiment is exposed to unnecessary pain and misery whether it be physically, mentally, or emotionally....   [tags: human experimentation, ethical standards]

Strong Essays
1755 words (5 pages)

Joseph Lister's Contributions to Medical Science Essay

- Imagine for one moment that you are living in the 1800’s and are in need of medical help. During this time surgeons were known for the treating of wounds, amputations, and treatment of broken bone. Picture yourself lying on a dirty cot, or soiled table waiting for the surgeon to come in. When he finally enters he is wearing a bloody, dirty apron and informs you that the only option is to remove your limb. He calls in for help in holding you down and picks up a stained saw and prepares to remove your leg....   [tags: Medical Science]

Strong Essays
1070 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Medical Testing On Animals

- Medical Testing On Animals Medical testing on animals is a very controversial topic that touches almost every individual's life whether they realize it or not. 16 million diabetic people enjoy life they would otherwise not have if it weren't for the dogs, rabbits, and, fish that endured tests to help scientists discover treatments and produce insulin. Cardiovascular disease is high on the list of American killers. The procedures used to treat this affliction such as surgical techniques and theraputic drugs required the use of animal testing....   [tags: Pros Cons Animal Testing Essays]

Strong Essays
1507 words (4.3 pages)

Essay on Immunization Records And The Medical Surveillance Questionnaire

- immunization records and the medical surveillance questionnaire at a set meeting with the Occupational Health Clinic at the University. Next, the researcher must make they meet the qualifications to use animals during research by sending a personal qualification form to the IACUC which is signed by the PI of the study for verification. Once this step is completed, the IACUC will send the PI a request for confirmation that the individual should be added to the protocol. After this step is completed the IACUC will add the individual to the protocol which can take up to one week to process....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights, Research]

Strong Essays
1096 words (3.1 pages)

Essay about Animal Testing is Vital to Medical Advances

- Research is responsible for virtually all the medical breakthroughs there have been- there are medicines and vaccines and cures and treatments and more life saving benefits being developed today- but an important factor to the development of medical advances is the inclusion of animals in research. Virtually almost everyone alive has benefited from the medical advances made feasible through animal testing. According to my aunt Blanca, who is a mother of a child who was diagnosed with severe epilepsy says, “We should be thankful and supportive of animal testing” (Perez)....   [tags: vaccines, animal testing]

Strong Essays
2468 words (7.1 pages)

Animal Testing and People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals Essay

- Everyday people are using products not knowing who, what, where, why or how these products are being made from. Many companies are neglecting the use of animal experimentation by the fact that there are alternative ways to test their products without testing them on animals. If alternative methods have been discovered that are more humane and effective, why aren’t companies using them. By using alternative methods to animal testing, products and some medicines would be cheaper and more reliable to humans....   [tags: clinical trails, cell culture, guinea pigs]

Strong Essays
1061 words (3 pages)

Wat is Animal Testing? Essay

- What is animal testing. Animal testing is the use of living animals to performed research into the basics of biology and diseases assessing the effectiveness of new medical products(Humane Society International). But many debating has been done over animal testing, people are either in favor or against the use of animals for medical research. Many say that the use of animals is important for the advancement in medical research, without the use of animals medicine, treatment for cancer, antibiotics for infection, vaccines to help prevent deadly diseases and new technics for transplant would not exists and safe life.(pro-test) As Former UK Officer Minister Joan Ryan quoted “Animals research...   [tags: living animals, research, experiments]

Strong Essays
1008 words (2.9 pages)

Should Animals Be Treated During The New England Anti Vivisection Society?

- “If possessing a higher degree of intelligence does not entitle one human to use another for his or her own ends, how can it entitle humans to exploit non-humans?” (Singer) According to the New England Anti-Vivisection Society (NEAVS), figures show that over 25 million animals are used annually in lab testing, whether it is cosmetic, pharmaceutical, medical, or psychological. Since not every animal is thoroughly accounted for (i.e. the thousands of lab rats and mice used in various experiments), this estimate is more likely to be around 100 million animals used annually....   [tags: Animal testing, Animal rights, Tom Regan]

Strong Essays
1695 words (4.8 pages)

Essay on Should Animals Be Used For Medical Research?

- For the morally driven question should animals be used in medical research, the answer is yes. It has been proven over the course history that animals prove insight to many of the medical questions we ask today. As science began to development so did the testing of animals and humans for medical research. Animals prove many insights to how to cure many illness. Animals should be used for medical research, because many of the animals are links to answers that could save the whole human race. For the entire existence of the human race animal testing has always been a part of it....   [tags: Animal testing, Human, Medical research]

Strong Essays
1717 words (4.9 pages)