Concept of Security in the Context of International Relations Essay

Concept of Security in the Context of International Relations Essay

Length: 1791 words (5.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The most commonly used definition by scholars is the definition of Barry Buzan in his book People, States, and Fear says that:
"Security, in any objective sense, measures the absence of threat to acquired values, in a wiki sense, the absence of fear that such values will be attacked" (Buzan, 1991:4).
Then from the definitions that have been mentioned by the penstudi HI can be seen that the security threat is the lack of values needed to live a human life.
While the concept of a threat to its own security Ullman defined as:
"An action or sequence of events that (1) Threatens drastically and over A relatively brief span of time to degrade the quality of life for the inhabitants of a state or (2) Threatens Significantly to narrow the range of policy choices available to government of a state, or to private, nongovernmental entities (persons, groups, corporations) within the state "(Ullman, 1983:133).
Meanwhile, according to Simon Dalby, the security dimension in the study of International Relations has experienced a shift from the traditional perspective that is limited to war and peace. Towarda non-traditional perspective that emphasizes human security and contains more aspects. Security is no longer focused on interstate relations, but also on the security of society (Dalby, 2003:102-103).
Peter Hough said that the definition of security is still a 'contested concept', or a concept that will continue to grow (Hough, 2004:15). However Viotti and Kauppi has defined the defense and security as the basis of a country's protection, and safety concept applies to individuals as well as groups (Viotti and Kauppi, 1999:56). While Indonesian dictionary defines security as a situation that is protected from hazards (safety objective), f...

... middle of paper ...

...onal Studies. 22.
- Roe, Paul(1999), ‘The Interstate Security Dilemma: Ethnic Conflicts as a ‘Tragedy’?. Journal of Peace Research. 36/2.
- Roe, Paul(2007), ‘Societal Security’, in Alan, Collins., Contemporary Security Studies (Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Kedourie, Elie(1960), Nationalism, London: Hutchinson of London.
- Kaldor, Mary(1999), New and Old Wars, Organized Violence in a Global era, Oxford: Polity Press.
- Waever, Ole; Buzan, Barry; Kelstrup, Morten(1993), Lemaitre, Pierre., Identity, Migration and the New Security Agenda in Europe, London: Pinter Publishers Ltd.
- Aslan, S (2007), ‘Citizen, Speak Turkish!: A Nation in the Making’ Nationalism and Ethnic Politics.13/2.
- Engelhardt, J(2007), ‘Patriotism, mationalism and modernity’ Nations and Nationalism. 13/2.
- Jervis, R(1978), ‘Cooperation under the Security Dilemma’, World Politics 30.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Why is ‘security’ such a contested concept? Essay

- Why is ‘security’ such a contested concept. The foreign, military and economic policies of states, the intersections of these policies in areas of change or dispute, and the general structure of relations which they create, are all analysed in terms of aspirations to achieve national and/or international security. Security is most commonly associated with the alleviation of threats to cherished values (Williams; 2008). However this is a definition that is undesirably vague and a reflection of the inherent nature of security as an ‘essentially contested concept’ (Gallie; 1962)....   [tags: Security]

Powerful Essays
785 words (2.2 pages)

The Concept of an International Community Essay

- ... 408), the UN attempts to rule over the nations of the world, particularly as it pertains to matters of human rights, war, and peace. Situated at the top of this body are a group of nations deemed the “security council”. This is a group of the world’s most powerful nations and their unanimous decision is needed to authorise any use of international force. Theoretically, the very existence of the UN undermines the realist theory - an international body does exist with a claim to international authority....   [tags: integration, united nations]

Powerful Essays
1369 words (3.9 pages)

The failure of the State as the primary referent object for security studies

- The belief that the State should be the primary referent object for security studies has for many, become outdated. With the failure of the Westphalian system in the late 20th century , under which States were the primary institutional agents, international debate sparked over issues of sovereignty and the State became less relevant as the primary referent object. The world was changing and as Dr. Javier Solana, Secretary General of NATO said in 1998, humanity and democracy, two principles at the fore of international debate, and essentially irrelevant to the original Westphalian system, now serve as guideposts in crafting a new international order, one better adapted to the security realiti...   [tags: Global Security]

Powerful Essays
1855 words (5.3 pages)

Essay about International Security

- A basic understanding of the concept of security may be defined as; protecting ones interests from external threats. This concept of security in the context of daily usage seems a rather simplistic idea given that basic definition. However, a more in-depth examination of the concept of security reveals the true complexity concerning the nature of security and what it attempts to encompass, especially when the term ‘security’, used in a daily context can be viewed as such a broad subject. Baldwin (1997) points out that identifying and analysing the shared elements of security leads to even further discussion of those elements from various approaches....   [tags: Foreign Relations]

Powerful Essays
1527 words (4.4 pages)

Essay about The Promotion of the Different Doctrines of Human Security in Africa

- 1. Research Theme and Theoretical Perspective The theme outlined in this article is the promotion of the different doctrines of human security in Africa by the African Union (AU). The development of guidelines and framework leading to a stronger legislation of the concept of human security in Africa was established in the article. The contribution of the AU to promote human security as a sought-after necessity in Africa and also the challenges encountered in spreading this concept is also outlined....   [tags: human security, african union, pan africanism]

Powerful Essays
1822 words (5.2 pages)

Power Relations Between States: Security Essay

- Introduction. The dynamics of the post-cold war global situation has cause a shift in the perception of threat, which was originally oriented to be a military threat, becomes multi-dimensional threat that includes aspects of political, economic, social and cultural, which then led to revolution in the nature of security. Besides that, with the risen of terrorism activities that began a few years ago as part of changes in generation warfare, many states has change their concept of security in order to protect and secure their nation....   [tags: perception of threat, military threat, ]

Powerful Essays
1734 words (5 pages)

The Realist Approach to International Relations Essay

- Realism is one of the important perspectives on global politics, it is a notion about the conservative society and political philosophy (Heywood 2011: 54; Shimko 2013: 36). Besides, Gilpin (1996) claims that “realism…, it is not a scientific theory that is subject to the test of falsifiability, therefore, cannot be proved and disproved.” (Frankel 1996: xiii). The components of the realist approach to international relations will be discussed. Firstly, the state is an important component in the concept of realism....   [tags: power, anarchical, survival]

Powerful Essays
982 words (2.8 pages)

How Peacekeeping in the Canadian Context has Changed Over the Past Decades

- Canadians strongly believe that peacekeeping is about trying to protect people from extreme harm, a way of providing hope in situations that seem hopeless, and a good method of bringing peace and justice to war-torn countries or failed states. Canadians backing soldiers in their peacekeeping role has been so strong for such a long time that it has generated into their national identity. “Canadians cling to the mythology, born of the 1956 Suez Crisis, that we are a nation of peacekeepers, interposing between belligerent forces bent on war but, even though Canadian government officials and media of the 1990s called the operations in Bosnia and Somalia “peacekeeping missions,” they were somethi...   [tags: peace. canadian military, peacekeeping]

Powerful Essays
1492 words (4.3 pages)

Essay on International Refugee Protection

- Context According to a 2013 report released by the United Nations, the refugee crisis is at its worst since 1994, with more than 15.4 million people displaced and turned into refugees by war and conflict. The 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees defines a refugee as “any person who… owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country”....   [tags: early warning system for refugee flows]

Powerful Essays
784 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on Security and Consumer Protection in the Information Age

- Abstract: At this point in time the ubiquity of personal and sensitive information of businesses and individuals who participate in the world economy is greater than ever. As in the past, your information could be found on an old credit card statement inside your garbage can at the end of your driveway; just waiting to be plucked by the next crafty criminal who can get his hands on it. Now your sensitive personal information is inside not only in your garbage can but as a result of the last couple of decades, information technology now has the ability to send your personal information in packets of data and over telephone wires....   [tags: Computers]

Powerful Essays
3662 words (10.5 pages)