Essay PreviewMore ↓
School administrators are worried about cyberspace usage especially when they visually see on the computer hit lists, bomb threats, character assassinations and defamations. Some school officials have took matters in their own hands by suspending, expelling or even banning students from use of computers. Do school administrators have the right to forbid free expression when the online communication posts are created from a home PC and not school regulated computer equipment?
Social-networking websites (MySpace, Facebook, Xanga and Friendster) are extremely popular for instance, "more than 90 million people of all ages are registered users of MySpace good portion of them teenagers. Now granted, majority of online communications is of clean material of favorite things and dislikes but occasionally there will be damaging statements about teachers or a list of classmates to which they want to hurt. Example, five students in Kansas were arrested in April 2006 for a plot to engage in a murderous spree on the seven-years anniversary of the infamous Columbine shootings.
The United States House of Representatives passed The Deleting Online Predators Act of 2006 which consists of public schools and libraries to block student access to commercial social-networking sites such as MySpace.com Some individuals do not favor this bill because it unfairly blocs learning applications and websites necessary for the students to learn and communicate. In addition, there is already an act that blocks content that is harmful to minors it is The Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA).
Students have freely expressed a variety of viewpoints, including criticism of school officials, on the Internet. The First Amendment protects critical speech posted on various forms of media for example computers and the Internet. Unfortunately, public school students do not have the same level of free-expression rights as adults in a general setting. There was a court decision in Reno v ACLU that claimed limiting indecent speech on the Internet unconstitutionally free-speech rights of adults.
Three famous court cases cover such issues regarding students' First Amendment rights and are the basis of students' free expression.
1. 1969 Tinker v. Des Moines Indep. Comm. Sch. (political protest) ruled school officials could not silence student expressions
2. 1986 Bethel School District No. 403 v. Fraser (speech with sexual references) ruled school education to prohibit vulgar and offensive terms
3. 1988 Hazelwood School District v. Kehlmeier (newspaper article teen pregnancy) ruled in favor school officials to remove newspaper article.
How to Cite this Page
"Computer Versus Students Freedom Of Expression." 123HelpMe.com. 31 Mar 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The First Amendment: Free of Expression In 1787 our forefathers ratified the constitution of the United States of America, which contains the most important document to any American citizen, the Bill of Rights. The first amendment of the Bill of Rights states: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the establishment thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech; or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.... [tags: essays research papers]
1131 words (3.2 pages)
- The mind must never be kept idle because of its tremendous capacity to absorb and learn. After careful consideration of my aptitude, interests and experiences gained while pursuing my under graduation in the field of Computer Science and Engineering, I have decided to pursue my Masters in the field of Computer Science. Being a dynamic and ever evolving field, many new developments are expected and there is immense scope for research on new products and applications. To progress and make a mark in this field, I realize that it is important for me to pursue my Masters from a reputable university.... [tags: education, technology, academics]
631 words (1.8 pages)
- The First Amendment guarantees the Freedom of Speech, which means Americans have the right to say anything on their minds. A perfect example is Donald Trump exercises his rights by preaching that Arabs should be sent back to their “homes”. Even though, many people are against what Trump is preaching, one simply cannot tell him to “shut up,” and lock him away in prison because of disgust with his suggestions. Americans can, however, rally, protest, tweet, etcetera about disapproval. The first amendment gives the right to publish, petition, and peacefully assemble.... [tags: Censorship, Obscenity, Pornography]
1288 words (3.7 pages)
- Freedom of Speech and Expression Although we are guaranteed freedom of speech in our fundamental freedoms under section two of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and freedom of expression under section two (b) of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, the Anti Terrorism Act infringes this right. Much of “political activity, including expression and activism that challenges government policy is and always has been a target of high policing in Canada.” (Larsen, M., 2015) Perhaps the government feels threatened by new ideas and does not want to be challenged.... [tags: Freedom of speech, Censorship, Freedom of thought]
879 words (2.5 pages)
- I.Introduction This paper addresses whether we should censor or block access to websites with controversial material. It looks at the issue from several sides: The relevant US laws that are in place, how censorship is used at the university and corporate levels, how other countries are attempting censorship, and finally what I feel about the topic. Given all that I have read in preparing this paper, I have come to the conclusion that without a set of globally-accepted rules, we should not be censoring the Internet except where these rules are being broken.... [tags: Freedom of Speech]
3924 words (11.2 pages)
- Conceptual frameworks serve as guides allowing people to view complex organizations from different perspectives. Morgan (2006) presents nine frames in the form of metaphors: (a) Machines, (b) Organisms, (c) Brains, (d) Cultures, (e) Political Systems, (f) Psychic Prisons, (g) Flux and Transformation, and (h) Instruments of Domination. Bolman and Deal (2008) present four frames: (a) Structural, (b) Human Resource, (c) Political, and (d) Symbolic. No single framework can provide a complete picture of an organization, so using multiple frames provide a more complete organizational perspective.... [tags: The Disengaged Commuter Student]
2951 words (8.4 pages)
- With the bountiful amount of unrestricted information available on the internet many people believe that some of this information should be censored by the United States Government. Who's to say what should be accessible and what should not. Where does it start and stop. Does internet censorship make a nation a safer place to live. There are many countries that don’t allow the use of the internet at all and some countries only censor what they don’t want their citizens to know. Daniel Calingaert said “The internet has provided greater space for free expression in countries where traditional broadcast and print media are restricted” (64).... [tags: free speech, freedom, United States]
1199 words (3.4 pages)
- The right to freedom of expression can be described as a war. It is a war that has lasted for centuries and may last for centuries more. It is a war between freedom of expression and social intolerance. In this war there are many battles. The battle on which this brief essay centers itself is the battle between freedom of speech and laws limiting that freedom; more specifically the ability to spread hate propaganda and the "hate laws". Included in the essay is a brief outline of one skirmish that has taken place (Keegstra).... [tags: Freedom of Speech]
1923 words (5.5 pages)
- Freedom of Expression: All people in the United States are guaranteed this right by the Constitution. Students, however, do not have this right to the same extent as adults. This is because public schools are required to protect all students at the school. The major aspects of this right are speech and dress. Both the right to speech and dress are not absolute in public high schools. According to the American Civil Liberties Union: "You (students) have a right to express your opinions as long as you do so in a way that doesn't 'materially and substantially' dirsupt classes or other school activities.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
755 words (2.2 pages)
- One of the most controversial parts of the First Amendment of the US Constitution concerns freedom of expression. Some Americans, such as the Libertarians, feel there should be no censorship. On the other end of the spectrum are more conservative people, many religious, who believe there should be strict limits on what can be published. Most people would agree it is a bad idea to publish or put on the Internet the plans for homemade bombs, biological weapons, or other devices which may be used to kill or maim someone.... [tags: Critical Thinking Essays]
1322 words (3.8 pages)
Unfortunately, the United States Supreme Court has not revisited this area over fifteen years and with the growth of Internet communication, these three court cases are obsolete.
Now were the real problem lies is if the students Internet expression is characterized as being on-campus or off-campus. There is an argument that school officials do not have jurisdiction over student's speech when it is conducted off-campus. The first court decision involving student Internet speech was Beussink v. Woodland R-IV School District. The student Brandon Beussink was suspended for ten days because the principal did not like what was on his home page, which was created on his home computer. The home page consisted of vulgar language to defecate the school administration and the school. The judge agreed, finding that the principal committed legal error in punishing Beussink simple because he disliked the content of the page.
Can school officials punish students when they "cyber bully" other students? Unfortunately, there has not been any case laws regarding this issue. Cyber bullying has been a part of student suicide and some incidences of school violence. You have the right to express your thoughts freely, until your expression of thoughts is or has the potential of causing substantial harm.
Within this article, there were several recommendations such as:
1. School officials should not punish student online expression simply because they do not like it.
2. Educators would open lines of dialogue with students and their parents.
3. Educate students that their online material can come back to haunt them.
4. Internet-use policies should be written in a way that clearly defines prohibited conduct.
5. School should not adopt a one-size-fits-all response to student expression on the Internet.
I truly feel school officials are taking matters into their own hands and possibly over exaggerating. In my opinion, schools should not punish students for off-campus behavior. It is the right of the parents to punish their children.
The second article I would briefly like to cover is a nationwide survey conducted on social-networking groups and the First Amendment. I located this article by searching by keyword "Internet". More then 50% of Americans believe the government should not restrict or regulate free speech on the Internet. Only 4% of respondents said they had "been the victims of an untrue/or offensive comment." Nearly 59% of respondents had heard of Facebook or MySpace. Of the 58.5% who were aware of these sites, 22.7% said someone in their household participates in social-networking groups. The survey posed questions such as, "Does the First Amendment give Americans the right to say anything they want to about anyone at any time on the Internet?" 54.5% said the First Amendment does not afford this right, with 32.6% saying it does. The other question is, "Do you think public school officials ought to have the authority to punish students who post untrue and/or offensive materials about the school on social networking site, even if they use their computers at home?" 48.3% of respondents want to give public school officials that authority.
My closing comment is as more people use social-networking sites, the potential for legal problems associated with speech on the Internet continues to grow. The courts need to draw new lines as to what is acceptable and non-acceptable behavior/communication sooner then later.