Compulsory Attendance Act of 1852 Essay

Compulsory Attendance Act of 1852 Essay

Length: 1940 words (5.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The compulsory attendance act of 1852 enacted by the state of Massachusetts was the first general law attempting to control the conditions of children. The law included mandatory attendance for children between the ages of eight and fourteen for at least three months out of each year, of these twelve weeks at least six had to be consecutive.
The exception to this attendance at a public school included: the child's attendance at another school for the same amount of time, proof that the child had already learned the subjects, poverty, or the physical or mental ability of the child to attend.
The penalty for not sending your child to school was a fine not greater than $20.00 and the violators were to be prosecuted by the city. The local school committee did not have the authority to enforce the law and although the law was ineffective, it did keep the importance of school before the public and helped to form public opinion in favor of education.
In 1873 the compulsory attendance law was revised. The age limit was reduced to twelve but the annual attendance was increased to twenty weeks per year. Additionally, a semblance of enforcement was established by forming jurisdictions for prosecution and the hiring of truant officers to check absences.
The state of Connecticut enacted a law in 1842 which stated that no child under fifteen could be employed in any business in the state without proof of attendance in school for at least three months out of twelve. The penalty was $25.00 and the business was made financially responsible for the fine. Through this system of fines businesses were forced to be socially responsible for children as well. In addition, children could not work more than ten hours a day. T...

... middle of paper ...

..." Dewey encouraged cooperative social organization, association and exchange among teachers as a substitute for supervision, critic teaching and technical training.
Today the AFT continues to uphold the rights of teachers to help form school policies and programs. The AFT Motto is " Democracy in Education and Education for Democracy." The AFT continues to list as it's chief objectives the promotion of professionalism in teaching as well as securing appropriate wages, better working conditions and job security for it's members. AFT members still believe that collective bargaining along with discussion between those representing teachers and administrators is the democratic process that allows them to achieve their goals.
The AFT headquarters are in Washington,D.C. They publish a monthly publication "American Teacher" and a quarterly publication "American Educator."

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Mandatory Attendance at the University of West Georgia Essay

- ... Although many teachers take roll, they should not be able to decide to drop the student. I personally know many people who will study the book because the professor is hard to understand. If they learn the same material, come on test days, and do well on the test, then why should they fail for attendance. They are learning the same material and learning in a way they can understand. Attendance should not be a universities main focus point. Although some students may be out of class studying, many probably are doing the opposite....   [tags: government putting attendance policy]

Free Essays
540 words (1.5 pages)

The Issue Of Compulsory Immunization Essay

- In the United States, vaccines have received a grave amount of negative attention because of the rise of compulsory immunization, which is also being referred to as a culture war. Compulsory immunization means that a person is obligated (even if they do not want to) by law, to be immunized. This is a human right being stripped away, to choose what enters peoples bodies as well as our families because it can be morally justified. Besides what the medical industry would have many believe, the issues of vaccinations is very much complicated because not only have there been cases of vaccination success but there have also been failures....   [tags: Vaccination, Vaccine, Smallpox, Edward Jenner]

Powerful Essays
1376 words (3.9 pages)

Influence of Compulsory Voting Essay

- The Idea of Compulsory Voting After Australia, Singapore, and Switzerland implemented compulsory voting and the turnout of voters grew, other democratic countries began wondering if the idea should be implemented globally. Research began on how this implementation affected countries with compulsory voting in place and how it would affect other countries such as Canada (Twomey, 2013). The idea that Canada, or another similarly democratic country, should pass a policy of compulsory voting would be against the very foundation of freedom that defines a democratic state....   [tags: Government, Democracy]

Powerful Essays
1610 words (4.6 pages)

Essay about Analyzing the Right to Education Act 2009

- Education is the basic instrument for social and economic progress. History suggests that an educated society is more secure and stable. Besides raising the standards of living, education is a powerful tool that can enable an individual to think, enjoy freedom, and make independent choices in life. Noting this crucial role of education across the world one can undoubtedly remark that every country has to encompass broad based effective basic education as an individual right in their respective constitutions....   [tags: compulsory primary education]

Powerful Essays
2845 words (8.1 pages)

Student Attendance Challenges Essay examples

- Currently in the 1995 Education Act, it states that “compulsory school age in Saskatchewan is age seven to 15 years inclusive. Persons in charge of a student (e.g. parent or guardian) must ensure the student’s regular attendance in a provincial school if the student is of compulsory school age (Walk, Chomos, Burgess, 2009, p.4)”. It is important to understand that regular attendance is mandated in the province of Saskatchewan and has pre-determined consequences for failure to comply with this responsibility....   [tags: Education ]

Powerful Essays
1138 words (3.3 pages)

Voting in National Elections Should be Compulsory Not Optional Essay

- It was in 1928 that universal suffrage had been granted in the United Kingdom. Prior to that time, people fought to have the right to vote so their opinions could be voiced, yet now we have that right, voting does not seem so significant. Before deciding whether voting should be compulsory or optional, understanding what exactly is meant by the term ‘compulsory voting’ is essential. It is also important to educate the general public more about politics so they can make an informed decision if and when they do choose to vote....   [tags: argumentative, persuasive, government]

Powerful Essays
887 words (2.5 pages)

Essay Filling of Vacancies and Compulsory Adjudication

- Filling of vacancies If a vacancy occurs in the office of the presiding officer of a labour court, or tribunal, or in the office of the chairman or any other member of a board or court the appropriate government shall appoint another person in accordance with the provisions of this Act to fill in the vacancy. Any vacancy in the office of presiding officer of a national tribunal shall be filled in by the central government in the like manner. Critical evaluation of Compulsory Adjudication The use of compulsory arbitration has raised controversies in India and opinions are widely divided about its utility and efficacy in maintaining industrial peace and securing to the workers their just deman...   [tags: arbitration, industrial relations]

Powerful Essays
1135 words (3.2 pages)

Essay about The Objectives Of Compulsory Acquisition

- INTRODUCTION During a takeover, a shareholder will have a choice as to whether they vote in favour of the takeover and accept the bidder’s offer or to hold onto their shares. By opting for the latter, the shareholder may find that they become a minority interest if the takeover is successful. This may not benefit them and the bidder. The shareholder may be isolated and experience a fall in value of their investment. The Corporations Act provides a mechanism whereby this potential conflict can be avoided....   [tags: Mergers and acquisitions, Stock market, Stock]

Powerful Essays
925 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Compulsory Voting Should Be Mandatory

- Compulsory Voting Should be Mandatory in Canada Compulsory voting is the legal requirement of electors to vote in elections. This is also sometimes referred to as mandatory voting. This can be required based on electoral law or national constitution, and it may or may not be enforced. This paper will argue that compulsory voting should be part of the Elections Act and enforced in order to prevent low voter turnout and maintain the robust principles of liberal democratic institutions founded on representing the various views across this country....   [tags: Election, Elections, Democracy, Voting]

Powerful Essays
1505 words (4.3 pages)

Essay on Compulsory Voting

- Industrial Countries all over the world have seen a steady decline in voter participation; Great Britain is a great example of this. The country has witness turnout in elections falling slowly as time pass. However, the election of 2001 dropped the country from their average of 76% voter turnout to just a 59.4% turnout. Comparatively, Australia, a former colony of Britain, has enjoyed high and steady voter participation since 1924 because of the implementation of compulsory voting. This system has proven to be not only effective in bring voters to the polls, but also effective in improving Australia’s democracy....   [tags: International Government ]

Powerful Essays
2109 words (6 pages)