Now its time to study each component system's organization and administration: what is the standard organizational structure for police,courts and correction?
police organization structure :
The following seven elements are the core dimensions of a police organization structure.(Adapted from Langworthy and Maguire):
1-Vertical Differentiation :The nature of the hierarchy, including the number of command layers and the social distance between layers.
2-Occupational Differentiation : The difference between employees specialized occupational skills.
3-Functional Differentiation:The degree to which the organization divides its work into specialized. The bigger the organization is the more divisions of functional differentiated they are .
4-Spatial Differentiation:The spread of the organization within its jurisdiction. Police agencies with a single headquarters facility are less spatially differentiated than those with precinct houses, substations, and other offices located within neighborhoods.
5-Administrative Intensity:The proportion of employees assigned to administrative support functions (like human resources or computing) as op...
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Many issues are facing correction but those issues are not addressed in the media as often as police and courts issues. Some of the issues are : 1- Aging inmates: those kind of inmates need some extra services such as concerning their health and ability to help them selves to do some basic things. 2- In prison gang actives: Prison ganging is well known issue they even make movies regarding that . 3- Sexual harassment and rape is another issue specially those young and weak inmates might be victims from such crimes ,ethical consideration toward this issue will be putting the weak and young inmates in one cell. More ethical issues in the field of probation: From the potential conflicts role that arise from the two major roles that traditionally are assigned to probation officers:that helping agent and that enforcer of legal condition .
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