Components Of Language And Language Essay examples

Components Of Language And Language Essay examples

Length: 1069 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Components of Language
Language, according to Owens (2012, p. 6), “can be defined as a socially shared code or conventional system for representing concepts through the use of arbitrary symbols and rule-governed combinations of those symbols”. Language is thought to be a complex system; however, it can be broken down into three different components. These three components consist of content, form, and use. Within these three components, language has five main components which includes semantics, morphology, phonology, syntax, and pragmatics (Owens, 2012, p. 18).
Content in language includes the main component of semantics. Semantics is the set of rules that provide meaning to words or content to word combinations. Semantics can be mutually exclusive or they can overlap. The symbols and words that are used represent our concepts or ideas about reality instead of reality itself. The meaning of words encompasses two portions. These portions include selection restrictions and semantic features. Selection restrictions prohibit specific combinations of words based on certain features because these combinations makes the words redundant or meaningless. Semantic features are features that characterize words based upon their meaning (Owens, 2012, p. 23).
Morphology is one of the main language components of form. Morphology looks at how words are internally organized. Words in language can be broken down into smaller units. These smaller units are called morphemes (Owens, 2012, p. 21). “A morpheme is the smallest grammatical unit and is indivisible without violating the meaning or producing meaningless units” (Owens, 2012, p. 21). Usually, English words contain one or else two morphemes. There are two types of morpheme...


... middle of paper ...


...components are then made up of the five main components of language which are made up of semantics, morphology, phonology, syntax, and pragmatics (Owens, 2012, p. 18). Each of these main components provides its own sets of rules. Semantics rules provide meanings to words or content to a combination of words (Owens, 2012, p. 23). The smaller units of words are known as morphemes. Morphemes can be both free and bound depending on if the word can stand alone or not. Morphemes can also be derivational morphemes if they include either a prefix or suffix (Owens, 2012, p. 21). Phonology pertains to the sounds that letters make when in a certain sequence order. Syntax rules involve the structure of words and sentences. Lastly, pragmatics is how one uses language to communicate. When these rules are not followed, communicating with others will not be successful.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Five Main Components of Language

- ... Another component of language is morphology, which deals with the inner organization of words (Owens, 2012). Words are comprised of morphemes and morphemes are the tiniest grammatical units of meaning. Examples of morphemes include base words, such as “dog”, “toy”, “love”, and “cat”. When you break either of these words down, they do not mean anything or the meaning of the divided letters means something entirely different than when combined. This can be seen when you break down the word “dog”....   [tags: phonology, semantics, pragmatics]

Better Essays
751 words (2.1 pages)

The Erp Components For Second Language Acquisition Essay

- For my literature review, I chose to examine the ERP components involved in second language acquisition. As a neuroscience major and a Spanish minor, the neural mechanisms involved in the acquisition of a second language is something that has interested me for quite some time. In a particular class I took last year, titled “The Acquisition of Language,” we examined several psychological and linguistic theories that attempted to describe the ways that individuals acquire a non-native language (L2)....   [tags: Linguistics, Second language acquisition]

Better Essays
1704 words (4.9 pages)

A Comprehensive Approach For Literacy Instruction Has Two Components, Reading And Written Expressive Language

- A comprehensive approach to literacy instruction has two components, reading and written expressive language. As students learn about reading, they reinforce ideas about written expressive language; furthermore, when students learn about written expressive language, they are reinforcing ideas about reading. Another factor to a comprehensive approach to literacy is reading. Reading is the process that involves the translation of symbols on a printed page into words and understands the word meaning....   [tags: Standardized test, Writing, Reading, Teacher]

Better Essays
1011 words (2.9 pages)

Teaching Plan Components Of Teaching Essay

- Teaching Plan Component 1. What are the students’ strengths and needs. The student’s strengths and needs when it comes to learning English, as a second language is her ability to speak the language was very strong. She was able to speak and understand the language pretty well; she did not have any challenges speaking the language. She also her listening skills were very strong when learning English. Also, was very good decoding words when reading she was able to “decode”, each word she read....   [tags: Second language, English language, Learning]

Better Essays
2070 words (5.9 pages)

Understanding The Components Of My Behaviors Essays

- have never examined myself to understand the components of my behaviours, or why I did or do the things I do. My mother often reflects on the past bringing up these wonderful memories, and I stop and wonder if we lived in the same reality growing up. I recognize the look of disappointment when she realizes I don’t recall any of them. As a coping mechanism we block out the bad and try to move on with positives, but it is my past that has shaped me into the person I am today is it not. When I look back on my life in childhood and adolescent I feel the hurt, the chaos, and the pain....   [tags: English-language films, Mother, Father, Family]

Better Essays
776 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on Language, Language And Language Development

- Language plays an important in our lives, for children this is a critical time for them to learn how they can use language to communicate effectively from the when they learn through school and into adulthood. While a child goes through school they are exposed to Standard English, but there are diversities that appear in the classroom for example culture plays a part in language development. Gee and Hayes (2011) stated that there are many things that language can be including; a set of rules, a cognitive experience, a social tool or an object, but overall language is something that changed based on culture and social context....   [tags: Linguistics, Language, Natural language]

Better Essays
1765 words (5 pages)

Components Of A Culturally And Culturally Responsive Lesson Plan Created By Five Pre Service Teachers

- This essay will consider the components of a culturally and linguistically responsive lesson plan created by five pre-service teachers. Initial discussion will include the importance of planning to cater for diversity in learners. This will be followed by explanation of the lesson plan, outlining and linking to applicable resources where appropriate. Justification will be provided for group choices and reflections will be included on group decisions that aimed to develop fluidity of a teaching sequence that catered to all learners’ requirements....   [tags: Linguistics, Language acquisition]

Better Essays
856 words (2.4 pages)

Critical Age in First Language Acquisition Essay

- 1.0 Introduction Language is a set of arbitrary symbols which used for communication. Children will be taught or learn their first language from birth. Sometimes the term native language and the term mother tongue are used to indicate the term first language. Possessing a language is the quintessentially human trait: all normal humans speak, no nonhuman animal does.(Pinker, 2005) Nonetheless, learning a first language is something every child does successfully, in a matter of a few years and without the need for formal lessons....   [tags: Language ]

Better Essays
1878 words (5.4 pages)

Essay on Language, Linguistics And The Importance Of Studying Language

- What is language, linguistics and the importance of studying language. It is a staggering thought to imagine an existence without language. To be restricted to basic forms of communication or to have none at all is an unimaginably condition. Language, in simple terms, is the manner in which people express themselves and the understanding of communication presented to them . The phenomenon of language is confined to mankind and is an intricate and vital element in the complex framework of human beings....   [tags: Language, Linguistics, Historical linguistics]

Better Essays
723 words (2.1 pages)

Academic Language Essay

- Introduction The importance of a content textbook, especially mathematics, is phenomenal. Some teachers often regard the textbook as the sole resource for their class instruction. However, they fail to question or analyze the textbook contents’ bias or perspective, whether linguistic, cultural, or political (Darvin, 2007). By analyzing textbook content, teachers can organize and sort the material by prioritizing the information to be learned and highlighting the most important instruction that will be addressed (Strahan & Herlihy, 1985)....   [tags: Language ]

Better Essays
1886 words (5.4 pages)