Complications Of Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Essay

Complications Of Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Essay

Length: 1267 words (3.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Complications of Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus, if left untreated leads to kidney failure, elevated blood pressure, heart disease, blindness due to cataracts and retinopathy, depression, foot and leg ulcers, limb amputations and stroke, disability, premature death (Centers for Disease Control 2011). According to the Centers for Disease Control (2011), diabetes is the seventh leading cause of deaths in the US. More severe complications such as diabetic ketoacidosis and diabetic coma can occur in severe cases of diabetes (Centers for Disease Control 2011). This long list of complications demonstrate the serious nature of diabetes and the need to understand why and how these complications develop in diabetes patients. Understanding the basis of the above diabetes complications is necessary to develop effective disease managing strategies.
The morbidity and mortality related to diabetes result from uncontrolled high blood glucose levels over extended periods of time (Norris et al. 2002). By taking proper precautions and maintaining blood glucose levels within the normal range, the above-mentioned complications can be delayed, or prevented altogether (Centers for Disease Control 2011). The following sub-sections discuss three main diabetes-associated complications related to this project- hyperglycemia/high blood glucose, high blood pressure and diabetic retinopathy.
Hyperglycemia/High Blood Glucose
A high blood glucose level is the basis for all the diabetes-associated complications mentioned in the preceding paragraph (Norris et al. 2002). Maintaining blood glucose levels that are within normal limits remains the main goal of diabetes management. A fasting blood glucose of less than 100mg/dl and a postprandial blood glucose le...


... middle of paper ...


... everyday situations (Kickbusch et al.2005). Intermediate/interactive literacy refers to advanced literacy in the form of cognitive and social skills that enable communication effectively in everyday situations and enable application of information and knowledge for challenging tasks and circumstances ( Kickbusch et al.2005). Finally, proficient/critical literacy is similar to intermediate literacy but with much higher ability to critically analyze and use information much more effectively in challenging situations and life events (Kickbusch et al.2005).
In summary, there are three levels of health literacy namely basic/functional literacy, intermediate /interactive literacy and proficient/critical literacy. The level of health literacy is determined by the degree of language and comprehensive skills and the ability of the people to apply these skills in daily life.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Complications And Risk Factors For Diabetes Mellitus Essay

- Complications & Risk Factors As stated before, around 85-90% of people diagnosed with diabetes mellitus are diagnosed with type II diabetes mellitus, with Brown & Edwards (2011) further adding that it occurs with people over the age of 40, with an alarming 80-90% of patients being overweight when diagnosed. It has been estimated that 7% of Australians aged 25 years or older are diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, with 96% of these patients have type II diabetes mellitus (Craft, Gordon & Tiziani, 2011)....   [tags: Obesity, Diabetes mellitus]

Better Essays
1238 words (3.5 pages)

Diabetes Mellitus : Not Be Taken Lightly Essay

- Diabetes Mellitus: Not to be Taken Lightly Diabetes Mellitus, more commonly known as Diabetes, affects approximately 26 million individuals in the United States. As a whole, Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic condition in which the body either expresses an intolerance to insulin, or is unable to produce enough insulin to meet its needs. Diabetes Mellitus is classified into categories, with Type 1, Type 2, and Gestational being the most well known. Each of these types may demonstrate many of the same signs and symptoms, however, there are differences worth taking note of in order to prevent future macrovascular and/or microvascular complications among diagnosed patients....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Diabetes, Obesity]

Better Essays
1077 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on A Research Project On Diabetes Mellitus

- My research project is going to be based on Diabetes Mellitus. As previously stated, when glucose levels are above normal, the disease, Diabetes, is diagnosed. A lot of the foods we consume are changed into glucose or sugar, in order for energy to be utilized by our bodies. The organ called pancreas that lies near the stomach makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When one has the disease, the body is incapable of producing the correct amount of insulin that the body needs or the body is incapable of using its own insulin (CDC, 2015)....   [tags: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus]

Better Essays
773 words (2.2 pages)

Factors That Affect The Rates Of Diabetes Mellitus Essay

- Diabetes mellitus affects individuals in all populations, from all walks of life. However, the South Asian population, and especially the South Asian immigrant community are disproportionately faced with a high prevalence of both diseases. While lifestyle is a large contributing factor, it is not reason enough to lead to the high prevalence and incidence rates. Physiological determinants and biological predispositions must be considered as well. In this paper, I will discuss social, environmental and physiological factors which contribute to the elevated rates of diabetes mellitus in the South Asian community, focusing on type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes mellitus and further complica...   [tags: Obesity, Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes]

Better Essays
1630 words (4.7 pages)

Diabetes: The Silent Killer Essay

- Diabetes: The Silent Killer Roughly 25 million Americans have diabetes; it is called the “Silent Killer” because almost half of those 25 million have no idea that they even have the disease; it can strike and kill without warning. I am interested in the disease because both my grandfather and my maternal great grandmother had diabetes. However, both of them had late onset diabetes, or Type II. Diabetes Mellitus is the cause of many serious health complications such as stroke, heart disease, renal failure, and blindness, among others....   [tags: type II, mellitus, health complications]

Better Essays
1265 words (3.6 pages)

Self-Care of Patients with Newly Diagnosed Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus Essay

- ... In the United States, Canada, and Europe, about 90 percent of all people with diabetes have type- 2 diabetes. Type- 2 diabetes is a chronic medical condition that requires regular monitoring and treatment throughout the life. Treatment includes lifestyle changes, self-care measures, and sometimes medications. Fortunately, these treatments can keep blood sugar levels close to normal and minimize the risk of developing complications. (David cullouch, 2012) Type-2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, it can cause two problems: • The cells may starve for energy....   [tags: lifestyle, insulin, complications]

Better Essays
1167 words (3.3 pages)

Diabetes Mellitus : Disease And Diabetes Essay

- Diabetes Mellitus Introduction Diabetes Mellitus, as defined by the American Diabetes Association, is “a group of metabolic diseases characterized by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both”(Diagnosis and Clarification,” 2008). There are many different types of diabetes, with the two most familiar forms being type 1, and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, previously referred to as “juvenile-diabetes”, only accounts for 5-10% of individuals diagnosed with diabetes....   [tags: Insulin, Diabetes mellitus, Obesity]

Better Essays
1099 words (3.1 pages)

The Effects Of Holistic Diabetic Education On Managing Or Decreasing The Risk Of Diabetic Complications

- Literature Review Several studies have explored the effects of holistic diabetic education on managing or decreasing the risk of diabetic complications and the reduction of HgbA1C level. These studies have examined a variety of populations with diabetes and its implications. A search was conducted using CINAHL and MEDLINE using concepts such as: Holistic and holistic education and key terms such as: diabetes, hemoglobin A1C levels. This search yielded ninety-five results. After adding limiters such as: English language, Linked Full Text, Peer-reviewed journals, and date limits 2009-2014, then nine results became available....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Diabetes, Glycated hemoglobin]

Better Essays
1459 words (4.2 pages)

A Brief Note On Diabetes And Diabetes Mellitus Essay

- 1.1 Diabetes mellitus 1.1.1 Public significance of diabetes Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases, ranking as the seventh leading cause of death in the United States in 2010 [1]. The prevalence of diabetes can be estimated using self-report previous diagnosis (diagnosed diabetes) and other clinic definitions including over 6.5% in A1C, over 200ml/dL in fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and over 200ml/dL in 2-hour plasma glucose (PG) if diabetes was not previously diagnosed (undiagnosed diabetes) from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data [2]....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Insulin, Obesity]

Better Essays
1590 words (4.5 pages)

Symptoms And Treatment Of Diabetes Mellitus Essay example

- Diabetes mellitus designates a group of diseases characterized by a myriad metabolic abnormalities including abnormal metabolism of glucose. Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease in which the pancreas produces too little or no insulin, impairing the body 's ability to turn sugar into usable energy. Type 2 diabetes, which accounts for 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes (CDC 2008), is caused by resistance to insulin and is more common in elderly and persons who are overweight. Approximately 23.6 million people in the United States have diabetes....   [tags: Diabetes mellitus, Hypertension, Diabetes, Obesity]

Better Essays
1288 words (3.7 pages)