Sandro Botticelli 's Primavera is one of the most famous Renaissance paintings. Created in 1482 and sometimes called the Allegory of Spring, the Primavera, italian for spring, was commissioned by Medici family. At the time of the painting the Medici became a dominant banking family. Orange trees in the background are a representation of the Medici as their family crest contains oranges. The complexity and beauty incorporated into the work compel the viewer to enter Venus’s Garden. A halo of sky architecturally frames Venus centrally and draws our eyes straight to her face. The Greek goddess of love, sex, fertility and beauty directly invites the audience in by making eye contact. This is known as a sacra conversazione, or secret conversation with the figures in the painting and the viewer. Artists of this era did not just paint anything, they spent time thinking and making deliberate choices for every factor in their paintings. Symbolism is everywhere and often it sparks controversy over the true meaning of a work.
Venus’s beauty is spread throughout this landscape by means of the Spring season. Flowers lay everywhere and the scene is taken over with sunny skies. This is a remarkable work that includes Greek and Roman foundations. The three women in graceful poses are called the three Graces. Their poses were very popular in Roman statues, which allowed the viewer to see three different views of a body. Mars, the god of war, pokes at the sky, pushing away the incoming clouds, identified by Andrews. He peacefully has his weapon put away, because he is in the sanctuary of Venus. Zephyrus the god of the wind tries abducting Chloris, shown with a branch coming out of her mouth leading t...
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...orks of art, such as Sandro Botticelli 's Primavera, are unique to our history. These artist would not consider splattering paint on a canvas art. They created a network of detail into their masterpieces to create a complex framework for an astounding visual pleasure. This forces the viewer to dig deep into the artist’s mind and to figure out their reasons for their work. Even though history of the artwork may not have been 100% recorded, the artist sometimes intentionally leaves us to wonder and question. As in the Primavera, there are many interpretations of every figure in the scene. Many more scholars have different interpretations than discussed. An endless array of meaning behind the work can be argued. One significant note about the work is that this piece was created by an artistic genius
that clearly understood the principles of appealing to an audience.
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