Political power is essential for any working, successful beginning urbanization such that both the Summerians and the Mesoamericans did include. In Sumer, the lines of power were kings and temple priests. The powerful king, Sargon, during 2350 B.C.E., practiced religious rituals as well as any king and priest by kings marrying goddesses and being buried religiously. Similar, in the Americas, there were many powerful kings like Lord Shield Jaguar, c.725, who was known as a shaman and practiced too religious godly rituals but differed such that those in Mesoamerica were more harsh sacrifices. A strong government was held in both regions such that they administered large city-works. In Mesopotamia, Sumer the powerful leaders had to organize all the large canal systems and undertook large construction of religious temples. In Mesoamerica too, they had a large administrative power, but they mainly administered different types of construction that were dedicated much work as large massive temples, plazas, and island creation. In Sumer, the city-state was unlik...
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...ing 1517 when the Spaniards reached Mesoamerica firsts destroying the Maya power and Toltecs and at last the Aztecs. These two cities yet autonomously flourished in their own way, have helped create today’s societies ranging in why peoples religion, and art is similar around Iraq or in Mexico. Not only has Chapters 2 and 4 enabled us to understand what an early urbanization is but to extend beyond that and think more what is it the difference they make. The governments that these two cities held have not died but better yet, they have influenced and shaped the government around ancient Sumer and Mesoamerica. It is culture, it is everything in which we still live today and from long ago that our ancestors have passed and we will continue to follow.
Spodek, Howard.The World’s History.third.Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2006. Print.
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