The Comparisons Between Two Innovative Urbanizations; Mesoamerica and Sumer

The Comparisons Between Two Innovative Urbanizations; Mesoamerica and Sumer

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Sumer and Mesoamerica are primitive urbanizations that have independently developed in their religion, architecture, government, ect. and it makes each one unique. From the Tigris and Euphrates River in 3500 B.C.E., the place of Sumer had begun and has developed to what we know today as Iraq. Also, the place of Mexico, which begun along the Gulf Coast of Mexico in 3000 B.C.E. Both of these primary urbanizations are important to the world around us because it explains why and how the places interact the way they do now, in the present. Although, they are both innovative urbanizations, Chapters 2 and 4 explain to us how and why these urbanizations developed from beginning to end.
Political power is essential for any working, successful beginning urbanization such that both the Summerians and the Mesoamericans did include. In Sumer, the lines of power were kings and temple priests. The powerful king, Sargon, during 2350 B.C.E., practiced religious rituals as well as any king and priest by kings marrying goddesses and being buried religiously. Similar, in the Americas, there were many powerful kings like Lord Shield Jaguar, c.725, who was known as a shaman and practiced too religious godly rituals but differed such that those in Mesoamerica were more harsh sacrifices. A strong government was held in both regions such that they administered large city-works. In Mesopotamia, Sumer the powerful leaders had to organize all the large canal systems and undertook large construction of religious temples. In Mesoamerica too, they had a large administrative power, but they mainly administered different types of construction that were dedicated much work as large massive temples, plazas, and island creation. In Sumer, the city-state was unlik...


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...ing 1517 when the Spaniards reached Mesoamerica firsts destroying the Maya power and Toltecs and at last the Aztecs. These two cities yet autonomously flourished in their own way, have helped create today’s societies ranging in why peoples religion, and art is similar around Iraq or in Mexico. Not only has Chapters 2 and 4 enabled us to understand what an early urbanization is but to extend beyond that and think more what is it the difference they make. The governments that these two cities held have not died but better yet, they have influenced and shaped the government around ancient Sumer and Mesoamerica. It is culture, it is everything in which we still live today and from long ago that our ancestors have passed and we will continue to follow.


Works Cited
Spodek, Howard.The World’s History.third.Upper Saddle River, N.J: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2006. Print.

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