Comparison of Selected Labor Laws in Pakistan and India Essay

Comparison of Selected Labor Laws in Pakistan and India Essay

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Law Report
Comparison of Selected Labor Laws in Pakistan and India


Table of Contents
Labor Laws in Pakistan 1
Collective Bargaining and Settlement of Industrial Disputes 2
Contract Employment 2
Labor laws related to Fixed Term Contracts 2
Employment Termination 3
Labor Regulations Related to Consultations and Notifications Prior to Collective Dismissal 3
Severance pay for redundancy dismissal (in months) 3
Conditions of Work Hours/Leave 4
Labor law provisions related to conditions of work hours 4
Sources: 5






Labor Laws in Pakistan
Since the creation of Pakistan, successive governments have announced five labor policies in the year 1955, 1959, 1969, 1972 and 2002. All these polices basically laid-down the parameters for the growth of trade unionism; the protection of workers’ rights; the settlement of industrial disputes etc. After 2002, no Labor Policy has been introduced although a number of developments took place.
Pakistan has more than 70 laws relating to labor, we will discuss only a few in this report and will compare them to similar ones in India. In Pakistan, workers are defined under four categories. “permanent employees” are defined as workers who are engaged in work likely to last more than nine months and who have satisfactorily completed a probationary period, “temporary workers” are those who have been engaged for work of an essentially temporary nature that is likely to be finished within a period not exceeding nine months, There is also a concept known as “badli”, which describes a worker who is appointed in the place of a permanent worker or probationer who is temporarily absent. Finally, “probationers” mean workers provisionally employed to fill a permanent vacancy, and who have not...


... middle of paper ...


...istan and India on the basis of work hours, minimum day rest required, maximum working days per week, maximum of over-time limit in normal circumstances and the maximum limit in exceptional cases.

Labor law provisions related to conditions of work hours
Working Hours in Manufacturing Minimum day rest required by law (hours) Maximum working days per week Maximum of over-time limit in normal circumstances Maximum time limit in exceptional circumstances
Pakistan 9 hours a day (7 hours a day for a young person) Not specified 6 Not exceeding 624 hours per year Not specified
India 9 hours a day, 48 hours a week 30 minutes rest for every 5 hours of work 6 200 hours year Not specified




Sources:
http://www.wageindicator.org/documents/Labour_and_Employment_Law-A_Profile_on_Pakistan.pdf
http://www.eximbankindia.in/sites/default/files/Full%20OP/op160.pdf



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