In order to understand why O’Neill’s position is superior to Singer’s position on famine relief, I will present information on both sides. O’Neill gives a Kantian, duty-based explanation, that focuses on people 's intentions. One of the central claims of Kantian ethics is that one must never treat a person, either oneself or another, as mere means, but "always at the same time as an end”(P.546 O’Neill). Meaning using someone as a mere means would involve using him or her in an action to which they didn’t in origin consent. The moral worth of one 's actions is determined by the maxim or intention that administers the decision to act, not by the act 's consequences. So a Kantian believes that their action does not need to aim for a total good. Therefore, outsiders in famine-stricken population requirements are less demanding. Outsiders are only obligated not to take advantage of those stricken. Kantians agree that our intentions just have to be good for there is no relation between an intention and its result. O’Neill also clarifies that Kantian ethics would not say anything about an ethical significance of unintentional actions only that one must have a duty to act in justice. In other words, someone can purchase a new luxury car while there is a famine problem as long as they don’t do wrong such like being deceitful towards those...
... middle of paper ...
...istaken because we have a moral obligation to famine relief if we are in comparable a better position than those we are donating to. There is nothing wrong with working a full-time job just to donate to famine relief.
O’Neill would counter this attack by stating that few people would be willing to donate such an extortionate percentage of their revenue to individuals they have never even met. It is not always in people’s own best convenience to donate such a large amount of money if those closest to us need it just the same or if an unlikely event would call for them to need it even more.
In this paper I have defended O’Neill’s position on famine relief. I have done this by reconstructing O’Neill’s argument, showing a possible counter-argument and defending O’Neill from this counter-argument. I have shown that O’Neill’s view is better than Singer’s on famine relief.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Abortion, Pope John Paul II and Peter Singer Abortion is one of the most controversial issues today. It has become a question of not only ethics, but morals. In the 1973 case of Roe v Wade the Supreme Court ruled that a woman has the right to terminate a pregnancy by abortion within the first six months of the pregnancy. However, conservative Presidents have changed the legislation enough to allow states to restrict abortion in various ways (Practical Ethics, Peter Singer). In the following paper, I will summarize the views on abortion of Pope John Paul II and philosopher, Peter Singer.... [tags: Practical Ethics, Peter Singer]
1564 words (4.5 pages)
- “The Singer Solution to Poverty” by Peter Singer and “Facing Famine” by Tom Haines, are both dealing with the same issues but the only difference between the two authors are that they use different tactics in which to address the problem and also attempt to get assistance from others. Although both authors intentions are the same, Haines has a much better strategy of getting the sympathy attention from his audience rather than making them feel guilty for living an average life. The author Peter Singer argues that there is no reason why Americans can’t donate money if they are able to afford luxurious material/products that are not essential to their lives and health.... [tags: Ethics, Peter Singer]
1361 words (3.9 pages)
- In the excerpt “Rich and Poor” from Peter Singer’s book “Practical Ethics,” Singer critiques how he portrays the way we respond to both absolute poverty and absolute affluence. Before coming to this class, I have always believed that donating or giving something of your own to help someone else is a moral decision. After reading Peter Singer’s argument that we are obligated to assist extreme poverty, I remain with the same beliefs I previously had. I will argue that Singer’s argument is not convincing.... [tags: Poverty, Wealth, Ethics, Morality]
1154 words (3.3 pages)
- In this essay, I will examine an argument from Peter Singer which stresses our obligation to help the poor. I will then look at why this argument could be refuted and how we may be seen as being free from such a fundamental duty that we are morally bound to fulfil. It can be the case that we as affluent individuals; consider an act such as donating money as supererogatory rather than of obligation. Singer holds the position that it is not an act of generosity nor beneficence, but of moral obligation.... [tags: Ethics, Morality, Poverty, Moral]
1492 words (4.3 pages)
- Saint Augustine once said, “Find out how much God has given you and from it take what you need; the remainder is needed by others.” (Augustine). Augustine's belief that it is the duty of the individual to assist those less fortunate than themselves is expressed in the essay "The Singer Solution to World Poverty" by Peter Singer. Singer shares his conviction that those living in luxury should support those struggling to survive in poverty. Singer adopts the persona of a sage utilitarian philosopher who judges the morality of actions based on the consequences that are wrought by them.... [tags: individual, luxury, poverty, morality]
822 words (2.3 pages)
- ... This means that every being can suffer, therefore there is no excuse for the suffering to not be taken into account. Even if the suffering is different, it does not change the fact that it is suffering. He adds that an object that cannot suffer or have any feeling whatsoever, is not included. This may mean that an object that is not living cannot be compared to an animal. In addition, Singer recognizes that it is better for scientists to experiment on animals than on humans. He says, “Normal adult human beings have mental capacities that will, in certain circumstances, lead them to suffer more than animals would in the same circumstances” (Singer, 59).... [tags: equality between humans and animals]
1301 words (3.7 pages)
- In the excerpt “Rich and Poor,” from Peter Singer’s book “Practical Ethics,” Singer critiques how he portrays the way we respond to both absolute poverty and absolute affluence. Before coming to this class, I have always believed that donating or giving something of your own to help someone else is a moral decision. After reading Peter Singer’s argument that we are obligated to assist extreme poverty, I remain with the same beliefs I previously had. I will argue that Singer’s argument is not convincing.... [tags: Poverty, Wealth, Ethics, Morality]
1164 words (3.3 pages)
- The Equality of Animals As per Peter Singer, we need a insurgency in the way we people view and treat different species, particularly non human creatures. He needs us to perceive creatures as good equivalents. This thought is applicable to the american people, open in light of the fact that, of the way plant homestead creatures are consistently maltreated. In this paper I will demonstrate that the utilitarian moral argument proposed by Peter Singer in all animals are equal is truly flawless. I will inspect some of the objection against Singer 's position and weigh whether Peter Singers response to the objection.... [tags: Animal rights, Ethics, Suffering, Speciesism]
1168 words (3.3 pages)
- Singer explains the reasoning beg=hind his thesis by offering the reader a thought experiment from Unger’s book called “Living high and letting die”. In the experiment a scenario is presented where a child is on a train track and a train is headed towards him and is surely going to kill shim. Now, a man named Bob has the opportunity to save the child. In order to do so he would have to divert the train by throwing a switch. But by doing so he would also wreck his prized and expensive Bugatti. The car is also an investment for his future.... [tags: Responsibility, Choices]
761 words (2.2 pages)
- “The Singer Solution to World Poverty” by Peter Singer is a persuasive article trying to influence people to donate money to save children’s lives. Peter Singer stated, “Evolutionary psychologists tell us that human nature just isn’t sufficiently altruistic to make it plausible that many people will sacrifice so much for strangers… they would be wrong to draw moral conclusions to that fact”. First, Singer tells a story about a retired school teacher who doesn’t have extra money. Dora, the school teacher, is given a chance to make a thousand dollars by walking a homeless child to a house, in which she was given the address for.... [tags: Regulatory Focus Theory, Persuasion, Rhetoric]
1276 words (3.6 pages)