Revenge and vengeance are not the same, contrary to popular belief. There are many words that appear to mean the same thing but are slightly different. This causes misinterpretation and misuse of these words in context with the situation. Vengeance, a synonym of retribution, is the inflicting of a punishment of equal value to the crime committed. The one passing judgement and the criminal themselves have no personal ties to the final penalty. As Elmar Klinger describes it in The Encyclopedia of Religion, “good deeds bring their reward, and evil deeds their punishment" (Klinger). However, revenge is based on a personal desire to hurt someone or something, regardless of how small or big the crime was. For example, if a student copied the homework of another student and was caught, they would receive a score of zero as a punishment from the teacher. However, if the student they copied from was a friend, that friend may feel offended and take revenge on the student by ignoring them or spreading rumors about them, even though it may be only a one-time incident....
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...efore it is historical record of events that isn 't completely accurate. Because revenge was so important to the gods, it was obviously important to the people of that time, making it even more relevant to understanding those who lived there so long ago.
Pronouncing judgment on others and destroying their reputation if they have hurt one personally are aspects of every human 's daily life. The Greeks and Romans attempted to show both side of this divide and seek a balance between the two. The Greeks consistently displayed a desire for revenge in their myths, while the Romans enforced law and appropriate punishment wherever possible. Analyzing their ideas about revenge and vengeance could help modern writers, sociologists, and historians decipher more about the history of that culture and how society 's beliefs surrounding this concept change and develop over time.
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