André Bazin, a well-renowned Orthodox Realist, describes true realism as “the need that is to give significant expression to the world both concretely and in its essence.” (FTAC p161) Orthodox realism is to respect, witness, record, and not disrupt what already perfectly exists in this immanent world (lecture, w1). In order to uncover the meaning, spectators must actively search it and decipher the meaning for themselves, which develops an ambiguous participant. Realism does not enforce what is significant in the scene upon the viewer; therefore, this allows the ambiguous ...
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... Realist film. Critical Realism, on the other hand, tends to critique the basic ideologies of Orthodox Realism. Theorists like Henderson disagree on the formal technicalities as to how to best portray Realism. But take Critical Realism a step further, and films like Damnation portray “extreme Realism,” that aims to prove that the world is hopeless and pointless. No matter the stance, realist films have a great respect for mise-en-scene in their efforts to show the meaning of the world.
Braudy, Leo, and Marshall Cohen. Film theory and criticism: introductory readings. 5th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999. Print.
Nichols, Bill. Movies and methods: an anthology. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1976. Print.
Nichols, Bill. Movies and methods: an anthology, Volume II. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1985. Print.
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