Comparison Between Crito And Apology by Plato

Comparison Between Crito And Apology by Plato

Length: 1631 words (4.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Excellent

Open Document

Essay Preview

More ↓
Comparison between Crito and Apology
For these two articles that we read in Crito and Apology by Plato, we could know Socrates is an enduring person with imagination, because he presents us with a mass of contradictions: Most eloquent men, yet he never wrote a word; ugliest yet most profoundly attractive; ignorant yet wise; wrongfully convicted, yet unwilling to avoid his unjust execution. Behind these conundrums is a contradiction less often explored: Socrates is at once the most Athenian, most local, citizenly, and patriotic of philosophers; and yet the most self-regarding of Athenians. Exploring that contradiction, between Socrates the loyal Athenian citizen and Socrates the philosophical critic of Athenian society, will help to position Plato's Socrates in an Athenian legal and historical context; it allows us to reunite Socrates the literary character and Athens the democratic city that tried and executed him. Moreover, those help us to understand Plato¡¦s presentation of the strange legal and ethical drama.
Plato's The Apology is an account of the speech. Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new gods, and corrupting the youth of Athens. For the most part, Socrates speaks in a very plain, conversational manner. He explains that he has no experience with the law courts and that he will instead speak in the manner to which he is accustomed with honesty and directness. Socrates then proceeds to interrogate Meletus, the man primarily responsible for bringing Socrates before the jury. He strongly attacks Meletus for wasting the court¡¦s time on such absurd charges. He then argues that if he corrupted the young he did so unknowingly since Socrates believes that one never deliberately acts wrongly. If Socrates neither did not corrupt the young nor did so unknowingly, then in both cases he should not be brought to trial. The other charge is the charge of impiety. This is when Socrates finds an inconsistency in Meletus¡¦ belief that Socrates is impious. If he didn¡¦t believe in any gods then it would be inconsistent to say that he believed in spiritual things, as gods are a form of a spiritual thing. He continues to argue against the charges, often asking and answering his own questions as if he were speaking in a conversation with one of his friends. He says that once a man has found his passion in life it would be wrong of him to take into account the risk of life or death that such a passion might involve.

How to Cite this Page

MLA Citation:
"Comparison Between Crito And Apology by Plato." 23 Sep 2019

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Apology and the Crito Comparison Essay

- Apology and the Crito Comparison Socrates was a great thinker and debater dedicated to truth. He spent his golden years walking the streets of Athens in pursuit of wisdom. Socrates lived the destiny that was revealed to him in the Oracle. He created and perfected his own cross-examination technique; we today know it as the Socratic Method. He was thorough and unrelenting. His subjects were often humiliated. Socrates would methodically disprove anyone he thought was wrong. In his eyes, most of the people he interviewed were blind....   [tags: Papers]

Research Papers
616 words (1.8 pages)

Comparing Plato 's Socratic Dialogues Essay

- Mid-Length Research Paper As evidenced in four of Plato’s early Socratic dialogues: Euthyphro, Apology, Crito, and Meno, Plato believes that although people are capable of having right opinions regarding virtue, which are acquired by divine intervention, people are incapable of having right knowledge of virtue. Although Plato often relates virtue to knowledge or wisdom, unlike knowledge virtue is unteachable as evidenced by its lack of teachers or moral experts capable of forming a proper definition of virtue....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Virtue, Platonism]

Research Papers
1825 words (5.2 pages)

Plato 's Apology With A Personal Comparison Essay

- What is an Apology. (An analyzation of Plato’s Apology with a personal comparison) What is your definition of an apology. Nowadays we think of an apology as an expression of our sorrow, but is that the true definition of the word. A long time ago, around the year 399 B.C.E. the word apology meant something quite different than it does now. Then, the word apology was defined as an explanation of why one thought that they were right, it was not an expression of sorrow or an acknowledgment of an offense, but rather a clarification of one 's viewpoint....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Philosophy, Apology]

Research Papers
1360 words (3.9 pages)

Comparing The Oresteia And The 3 Dialogues By Plato Euthyrpo, Apology And Crito

- hen we look throughout the world and its history one can surmise that in any civilized nation there must be a system of justice in order to prevent chaos and anarchy to rule over the land. However, people and society’s construction of what justice is and what constitutes a just act can differ. The historical writing of Aeschylus in the Oresteia and the 3 dialogues by plato Euthyrpo,apology and crito are two works of literature that clearly exemplify different concepts of justice. When we compare both readings we are allowed to draw on some social and political implications of what justice is and what it should be....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Crito, KILL]

Research Papers
1957 words (5.6 pages)

Plato 's The Apology Essay

- In Plato‘s the Apology, Plato describes that Socrates is sentenced to death of the crime of “corrupts the youth and does not believe in the gods the state believes in, but in other new spiritual beings” (24c). In Plato’s the Crito, Crito who is the faithful friend of Socrates is attempting to rescue him. However, Socrates still manifests that he will not leave Athens and he would rather take the death penalty magnanimously. The quotation of the Laws of Athens is the part of the conversation between Socrates and Crito under this situation....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Crito, Trial of Socrates]

Research Papers
1045 words (3 pages)

Essay about Plato 's ' The Crito '

- Plato’s work, The Crito, explores one of the last days of Socrates’ life. This work is set in Socrates’ prison cell, where Socrates is visited by his close friend Crito. Crito is overwhelmed with emotion with the impending loss of his friend, and is attempting to passionately convince Socrates to run away and avoid his sentence set upon him by the court. Crito presents many arguments that would be compelling to most men of his time. Socrates lays out the principles that he has chosen to live his life by and challenges Crito to convince him to leave after considering these principles....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Crito, Socratic method]

Research Papers
1381 words (3.9 pages)

The, Apology And The Crito Is Justice Essay

- Justice The theme that relates the three books Electra, Apology and the Crito is Justice. Examining the two definitions of Justice that are from each of the three books. Doing this is a way to compare the differences and similarities between each book and more importantly the difference between the different definitions of Justice. The definition that the main character of Electra uses as the definition is Justice is Punishment for unlawfulness with more unlawfulness to satisfy Electra’s own self-interest....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Agamemnon, Justice]

Research Papers
1457 words (4.2 pages)

Essay on Plato's Apology of Socrates and Crito

- Socrates' Sides With. Through my reading of Plato's Apology of Socrates and Crito, I have been able to see how Socrates makes important decisions and what he primarily bases his decisions on. As a individual person we have individual morals which lead us to our own moral or immoral decisions. Sometimes are own morals or beliefs might oppose the views of the state or the enforced law that clams to find justice. In this case we rely on our own beliefs that may be through passed down morals or through ones belief in a higher power to find justice....   [tags: essays research papers]

Research Papers
1328 words (3.8 pages)

Plato's Apology Essay

- Plato's Apology Plato’s Apology is the story of the trial of Socrates, the charges brought against him and his maintaining of his own innocence throughout the process. At the onset of the trial, Socrates appears to challenging the charges, which included corrupting the youth, challenging belief in the gods that were accepted and reveled by the State, and introducing a new religious focus, but also belittles his own significance and suggesting that he will not attempt to disprove that he participated in the actions maintained by the court....   [tags: Apology by Plato]

Research Papers
1076 words (3.1 pages)

Plato's Apology Essay

- Plato’s Apology In the retelling of his trial by his associate, Plato, entitled “The Apology”; Socrates claims in his defense that he only wishes to do good for the polis. I believe that Socrates was innocent of the accusations that were made against him, but he possessed contempt for the court and displayed that in his conceitedness and these actions led to his death. In his defense, Socrates claims over and again that he is innocent and is not at all wise, “…for I know that I have no wisdom, small or great.” Throughout the rest of his oration he seems to act the opposite as if he is better than every man, and later he even claims that, “At any rate, the world has decided that Socrate...   [tags: The Apology Socrates Plato Philosophy Essays]

Research Papers
807 words (2.3 pages)

This is why Socrates remains true to his way of life even though he is on trial for his life, and will probably be sentenced to death. He also says we know nothing of death, and so it is irrational to fear it. Therefore his service to the god is more important than having the support of Athenians, or money, or a nicer lifestyle. He never meant to impose his thoughts on anyone, but instead to simply enjoy the company of interesting people and the opportunity to learn from others¡¦ thoughts and conversation. When Socrates is informed of the final verdict he again keeps his composure and closes his defense speech by saying that he would much rather have defended himself in the way that he did, than by begging and pleading for the sympathy and mercy of the jurors. Finally, Socrates tells the jury that there is hope in death and that he will enter into it with no fear. His final request is for the jurymen to make sure that his sons grow up in the right way.
In the article Crito, this dialogue takes a place in Socrates' prison cell, where he awaits execution. At this time, Socrates has many followers who hope he will agree to escape. When Crito, a friend of the philosopher, comes to advocate this position, Socrates logically refutes his argument. Socrates seems quite willing to await his imminent execution, and so Crito presents as many arguments as he can to persuade Socrates to escape. However, Socrates makes the point that it is always better to do right than wrong, no matter what the situation. It then follows that although the jurors who condemned Socrates have wronged him, it would still be wrong to violate the laws by escaping. He also explains to Crito that the citizen is bound to the laws like a child is bound to a parent, and so to go against the laws would be like striking a parent. Rather than simply break the laws and escape, Socrates should try to persuade the laws to let him go. These laws present the citizen's duty to them in the form of a kind of social contract. By choosing to live in Athens, a citizen is endorsing the laws, and is willing to follower by them. Therefore, if he was to break from prison now, having so consistently validated the social contract, he would be making himself an outlaw who would not be welcome in any other civilized state for the rest of his life. Furthermore when he dies, he will be harshly judged in the underworld for behaving unjustly toward his city's laws. In this way, Socrates chooses not to attempt escape but he dies as a martyr, not for himself, but for his city and its system of justice.
The argument in the Apology is that one should never betray one¡¦s own philosophy for any reason, even if the reason is death. Moreover, death should never be a deterrent to a man because no man has true knowledge of death, and ¡§surely it is the most blameworthy ignorance to believe that one knows what one does not know¡¨ (Plato 32). Socrates believes that we have no cause to fear death, and as stated in a previous quote, for the philosopher death was probably a more desirable state to be in than life because one could reason and contemplate the Forms without the hindrance of perception and the body. According to this sentence ¡§I am wiser than this man; it is likely that neither of us knows anything worthwhile¡K,¡¨ philosophers were people who pursued wisdom (Plato 25). Furthermore, according to Plato, the best way to do this was from the mind alone without the body. He believed that the state of one¡¦s soul was of the utmost importance because one¡¦s place in the afterlife and next life was determined by the state of their soul. Therefore, Socrates believes his philosophy, despite the opposition of the majority. It could be questioned if Socrates doesn¡¦t bring his persecution on himself, with the way that he questioned everything and everyone. It sometimes seems understandable that his fellow citizens would become intolerable of such a man, but never once does he apologize for his actions. He cares more for being a good and upright man than being popular with the people. He cares more for the pursuit of knowledge than the pursuit of success and wealth. And he cares more for the souls of himself and others, and when seen in that light, the failure of justice was on the part of those who did not accept him, not himself. Therefore, that¡¦s why he says ¡§let us reflect in this way, too, that there is good hope that death is a blessing, for it is one of two things: either the dead are nothing and have no perception of anything, or it is, as we are told, a change and a relocation for the soul from here to another place¡¨ (Plato 41).
The argument in Crito is a seventy-year-old Athenian philosopher who chooses to die for an ideal. According to this sentence ¡§¡KI am the kind of man who listens only to the argument that on reflection seems best to me. I cannot, now that this fate has come upon me, discard the arguments I used; they seen to me much the same," he has thoroughly his own decision to obey the opinions of the majority and serve out the sentence that his own city has deemed appropriate for his crimes (Plato 48). Moreover, he has also provided the concept that it is our society or majority that has dictated what is considered virtuous action. According to Socrates we have been given every opportunity to reject our society and renounce what it has stood for and against. "Not one of our laws raises any obstacle or forbids him, if he is not satisfied with us or the city, if one of you wants to go and live in a colony or wants to go anywhere else, and keep his property¡¨ (Plato 54). Socrates states that making a conscious choice or effort to remain under the influence of a society is an unconscious agreement with that society to live your life by its standards and virtues. Therefore, he finally chooses not to escape, because he has very carefully and thoughtfully consented to what his own city has deemed to be righteous and justified. His thoughts on his destiny were completely unselfish, as his only wishes were to preserve the society around him, which had accepted him and his family for so many years.
In consideration of those beliefs, I feel Socrates believes what he believe and follow the state law without fearing the death. He holds incredible respect for the laws which govern him and no deviance, be it great or small, would he permit. He would probably wrestle with the nature of the particular situation and debate the meaningfulness with friends, such as Crito perhaps, but ultimately would decide that even a peaceful opposition to his government would be inappropriate. Therefore, I strongly agree with his point --- believing in your own duty and your capacity to do public good by living as a dissident citizen in a democratic state.
Return to