During the establishment of the United States government, it was easy to choose a president. George Washington was the best choice, he showed leadership during the revolution and was a candidate that all Americans could agree on. "George Washington 's departure unleashed fierce party competition over the choice of his successor." The two first political parties that emerged from this fight to power were the Federalist and Democratic-Republicans. Both the Democratic-Republican and Federalist parties laid claim to language of liberty, and each accused its opponent of engaging in a conspiracy to destroy it." And after the dissolution of both parties, the era of two new parties began, The Whigs and Democrats. All of the parties were effective in their own right but the Democrats sat on the side lines for most of the 18th and 19th century, while parties such as the Democratic Republicans had many policies and events that shaped the politics of America today.
The Federalist Party formed in the mid-1790s and were former “supporters of the Washington administration.” (Give Me Liberty!, 288) Some of the general ideologies of the party was the support of a strong central government and to remain connected to Great Britain diplomatically. John Adams and Alexander Hamilton lead the growth of this popular party. Alexander Hamilton not only led the movement but also wrote many of the Federalist papers which advocated for the ratification of the United States Constitution. Alexander Hamilton, along with James Madison, felt that “rather than posing a danger to Americans’ liberties, the constitution in fact protected them,” (Give Me Liberty!, 263) thus creating the Bill of Rights. In the ele...
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...north of the southern border of Missouri” (Give Me Liberty!, A54), Louisiana Purchase, and Macon’s Bill No. 2 “which allowed trade to resume but provided that if either France or Britain ceased interfering with American rights” (Give Me Liberty!, 309) . The Whigs also had some policies before their dissolution in 1860 and one president including the Compromise of 1850 that “included a stronger fugitive slave law, and delayed determination of the slave status of the New Mexico and Utah territories” (Give Me Liberty!, A 42) , Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, and the Tariff of 1842.
Judging them based on these terms I believe the Democratic-Republican party to be the most effective party, followed by the Federalist and Whigs, and lastly the Democratic party being the least effective in the 18th and 19th century because of their lack of policies and events during time frame.
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