Shakespeare’s Hamlet was written in the sixteenth century Elizabethan historical context, where certainty was questioned and there was a growing importance of individuals and their choice as opposed to fate. Influenced by the Renaissance, Shakespeare wrote in the tradition of the revenge tragedy. Stoppard however, who was living in a time of disillusionment due to the tragedies of two world wars, was influenced by the existential movement. Disregarding the past and future due to a lack of trust, Stoppard wrote in a tradition known as the Theatre of the Absurd incorporating existentialism. He uses various processes to adapt and transform the values and ideas influenced by the sixteenth century Elizabethan context in Hamlet to reflect the twentieth century evasion of reality unless it is in a reflexive and directionless present.
In Hamlet, the value of truth incorporates the theme of appearance as opposed to reality and it links ...
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...akespeare’s poetic language to colloquialism creates a new form of communication reflecting that the fear of death that claimed for so many by world wars, the influenza epidemic and the Depression, was pointless and unnecessary as life means nothing and as a result death means nothing either.
Context essentially is the base for all transformation and it influences the values of a society and how these values are expressed and interpreted. R and G… highlights the shift of the purposeless uncertainties of the contemporary context from the religious and social hierarchical certainties of Shakespeare’s social, cultural and historical contexts. The transformation processes evident demonstrate the concept that everyone questions and desires to know what is either reality or unknown, the meaning and certainty of death and the afterlife and ultimately the purpose of life.
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- Rosencrantz and Guildenstern are Dead, a tragic comedy authored by 20th century playwright Tom Stoppard, tracks the exploits of two minor characters of Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. The action of the play circles in and out of the plot of Hamlet, and the fate of the two friends, death, is already decided in the Shakespeare’s previous work. Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, on a mission to send Hamlet, the prince of Denmark, to the King of England to be killed, struggle with this realization as the play progresses.... [tags: Hamlet, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead]
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