James Monroe was born on April 28, 1758, in Westmoreland County, Virginia, to Elizabeth Jones Monroe and Spence Monroe. Elizabeth was a stay at home mom while Spence was a successful planter and carpenter from Scotland. First being tutored by his mother at home, James then attended Campbelltown Academy from 1769 to 1774 where he was an exemplary and excellent student. In 1774, while Monroe was thriving as a full-time student, his life took a turn for the worse when his father had passed away that very same year. James promptly enrolled at Virginia's College of William & to study law, but dropped out just months later to fight in the American Revolution. He soon after then joined the Continental Army, becoming an officer in 1776.
After the War, in 1782 James was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates. Afterward from 1783 to 1786, he served in the Continental Congress, then assembling in New York. While there, he met and dated Elizabeth Kortright. The pair married on February 16, 1786, and soon after moved to Fredericksburg, Virginia. After the Constitutional Convention of 1787, Monroe originally joined the anti-Federalists in the denial of the new constitution because it lacked a bill of rights. However, he held back his uncertainties and opposing beliefs as he vowed to push for changes after the new government was settled. Virginia narrowly approved this Constitution. In 1790, James Monroe competed for a House seat but was beaten by James Madison. Almost immediately after this loss, Monroe was elected by the Virginia legislature as a United States senator. As a senator Monroe joined the Democratic-Republican Party and later became the Party's leader in Senate.
After James Madison’s presidency James Monroe became t...
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...se of Representatives. In 1836, Adams focused his long-standing anti-slavery sentiment on defeating a gag-rule instituted by Southerners to stifle debate.
On February 21, 1848, in his last contribution to his country, John Quincy Adams was on the floor of the House of Representatives, arguing to honor U.S. Army officers who had served in the Mexican-American War. During the event, Adams suddenly collapsed, suffering from a massive cerebral hemorrhage. He was taken to the Speaker's Room in the Capitol Building, where he died two days later, on February 23, 1848.
James Madison Jr.. (2014). The Biography.com website. Retrieved 10:35, Apr 26, 2014, from http://www.biography.com/people/james-madison-9394965.
John Quincy Adams. (2014). The Biography.com website. Retrieved 10:36, Apr 26, 2014, from http://www.biography.com/people/john-quincy-adams-9175983.
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