Comparing Plato 's Apology And Phaedo Essay

Comparing Plato 's Apology And Phaedo Essay

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Classical Greece is noted for various contributions to modern society. Perhaps one of their biggest contributions is the development of philosophy. Socrates, a well-known Greek philosopher, gave the modern world the Socratic Method, among others. He challenged many Athenian values while reaffirming others. Unfortunately, all that is left of his teachings are those that were written down by his students, most notably by Plato. Through Plato’s Apology and Phaedo, Socrates’s argumentative and dialogue styles reaffirm the Athenian value of participatory culture while refuting the value of relative glorification of the human body in effective and ineffective ways.
In Apology, Socrates utilizes an argumentative style when speaking to the Council of 500 in defense of himself. This style consists of addressing an opposing claim against him, rebutting it with proof or reason, and drawing a conclusion of his own. One example is when Socrates brings up the claim made against him by Meletus. Meletus accuses him by saying, “I assure you that he does not believe in them (gods); for he says that the sun is stone and the moon earth” (Plato, Apology, 7). Socrates responds by denying the charges against him. He also questions Meletus and gets him to contradict himself by saying that Socrates does believe in the gods, discrediting the charge that he is atheist (Plato, Apology,8). Socrates concludes by saying that the charge by Meletus is just a cover for the “envy and detraction” felt by his many enemies and that is the true reason he is on trial and faces death (Plato, Apology, 8).
Socrates’s argumentative style in Apology gives him opportunity to reaffirm his belief in the Athenian value of participatory culture. Such a culture is one of the f...


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... Greek society though. The Athenians continue to worship the human body and hold the Homeric Ideal of masculinity as a high esteemed belief (Levack, 107). This is shown in the artwork of the period as well as the prevalence of athletics and war glorification that eventually ends up be passed on the Roman society (Levack, 107).
Socrates effectively reaffirmed his view of the polis aspect of participatory culture through his argumentative style in front of the Council of 500. He uses the style to disprove Metelus but it also leads to his death. On the other hand, he challenges the Athenian value of glorification of the human body through his dialogue style and theory on the soul. This theory is effective due to the capacity to which it is still used in the modern world. Both styles insure the continuation of Socrates’s ideas through his death and into the future.

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