Essay on Comparing Cao And Voltaire 's ' The ' Of The Stone '

Essay on Comparing Cao And Voltaire 's ' The ' Of The Stone '

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Cao and Voltaire wrote great protagonists in their stories. Each one has their own personality, but they share similarities. The authors wrote from different cultures and lifestyles, but both stories, were written in the eighteenth century. Their protagonists represent each of their cultures, and the authors express this representation through the character development of their protagonists.
Bao-yu was introduced as a stone in the beginning of Story of the Stone. As a stone, he felt shame and resentment because he was the only stone that was not used in repairing the sky. He lived his days in sorrow until a monk and a Taoist saw the stone in its appealing new shape (59). The monk amazed by the stone’s magical powers, made the stone delighted. This moment leads to the stone being transformed into a boy, born on earth. The family around him knew he was special because of the jade that was in his mouth when he was born. And that is why they call him Bao-yu, “precious jade.” (56). He is very sociable with the other characters, especially the females in the Jia family. This action is from the abuse he received from his father. He was loved by many though, including his grandmother who spoiled him tremendously.
Bao-yu and Candide are similar because their names are a part of who they are and their personality. Candide name expresses everything about his character. He is introduced as being optimistic with an honest mind and a simple heart. “A young man on whom nature had bestowed the perfection of gentle manners. His features admirably expressed his soul.” (185-186). Nature blessed both protagonists by making them from their names. Bao-yu with the jade and Candide with his gentle and honest manners.
Candide did not have the loving...


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...eople would sacrifice others for a ritual that did not even work (194). Voltaire wrote the country El Dorado as how he wanted society to be. The genre of this story is a satire, and a philosophical novel. Voltaire wrote this story as a means to bring light to how corrupt society in Europe has become.
Through the development of the two protagonist, they represented their culture during the time period the stories were written in. Each protagonist marked a new path in their cultures. Cao writes a new type of story using dramatic and poetry form, making Story of the Stone become one of the greatest in Chinese history. Voltaire’s bringing new questions about government, religion, military, and society, made Candide, be the first step of the Enlightenment. These accomplishments made the development of the two protagonists, to still be respected in their cultures today.

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