Comparing Australian and Chinese Identities Essay

Comparing Australian and Chinese Identities Essay

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With globalization, people from different countries have more opportunities to communicate with each other. To avoid misunderstanding, it becomes more significant to understand different cultures and identities of other countries. China, as an East Asian country, has a different national identity from Australia. For better understanding and communication between China and Australia, it is important to find out the differences and similarities between Chinese identity and Australian identity. Oxford Dictionary (2014) defines “national identity” as “a sense of a nation as a cohesive whole, as represented by distinctive traditions, culture, and language.” Therefore, this essay analyses the national identity of Australia and China from the aspects of their unique histories and political systems, meanwhile focuses on how these features influence their national identities.

Australia is an egalitarian society that all people are treated equally and have the same rights. The idea of egalitarian started from the earlier colonial history, guaranteed by political system and realized in social lives of Australian. Disher (1987) descripted that Australian history began with a dark period that many convicts were sent to this colony. These convicts lived in hard conditions. They worked for the colonizer and free settlers as servants and laborers. All convicts were supervised all the time and the punishment was extremely cruel. Therefore, these convicts desired freedom and equal rights as other free settlers. Disher (1987) also reported that hundreds of convicts fought with the colonizers for freedom at Castle Hill government farm in 1804. Many escaped convicts “preferred to fight to the death than be sent back to prison.”These convicts were...


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...nition/english/national-identity accessed 2014

Sherington, G. (1980) Australia’s Immigrants: 1788-1978. Sydney: Allen& Unwin.

Wikipedia. (2014) ‘Australia’. Retrieved from
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia accessed 28th March 2014

Wikipedia. (2014) ‘Historical GDP of the People's Republic of China’. Retrieved from
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historical_GDP_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China accessed 24th February 2014

Wikipedia. (2014) ‘List of Chinese administrative divisions by GDP per capita’. Retrieved from
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Chinese_administrative_divisions_by_GDP_per_capita accessed 11th January 2014

Yum, J.O. (1994) The impact of Confucianism on interpersonal relationship and communication in East Asia, in L.A. Samovar & R.E. Porter, (Ed) (1994) Intercultural communication: a reader. California: Wadsworth Pub pp77-79

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