Comparing and Contrasting the Han and Roman Civilizations Essay

Comparing and Contrasting the Han and Roman Civilizations Essay

Length: 1013 words (2.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Around the years 200 B.C.E two great civilizations emerged as powerful and influential Empires. The Han civilization and the Roman Civilization. Both civilizations contributed to the ancient world, with revolutionary technologies, literature, mathematics, and extensive trade. Although these were powerful nations, the causes of their decline were quite similar. Inept rulers, social discordance, and hostile incursions, are some of the numerous factors that brought about their inevitable downfall.
Both the Hans and the Romans diverged from prior civilizations. The Han came about after overthrowing the Qin Dynasty who were incompetent in the later years of the Dynasty. The Qin Dynasty was highly centralized actuating through legalist ideals, hence the government were oppressive towards their people. Thus, the dynasty collapsed due to internal mutiny. Liu Bang took over and established the Han Dynasty. To the west in what is now the Italian peninsula, a cultural group called Etruscans ruled over the Roman people and soon the monarch government was deposed by the aristocracy. This is how both civilizations were born. Both sprouted from other governments. However China was much more different since the stretch of land had been greatly developed by the preceding Dynasties( Shang, Zhou, and Qin), where as the Romans commenced in just the city of Rome.
Military might was possessed by both the Han and the Romans. For this reason the blooming nations were able to conquer ample territory, thus procuring significant wealth. Chinese territory expanded into Central Asia, Korea, and Indochina. One main contributor to the expansion of China was Emperor Wudi (141-195 B.C.E) who conducted military campaigns. The same occurred in Rome. The Roman ...


... middle of paper ...


...aused the Roman Empire to disintegrate and fragmentize into small Germanic kingdoms, around 425 -476 B.CE. However, this occurred only in the west. The Byzantine Empire remained intact, preserving Roman culture and traditions. After the Han Dynasty subsided, the Chinese endured political decentralization, but the Confucian ideologies, that were an integral part of their culture, were never abandoned.
The Han dynasty and the Roman Civilization were the superpowers of the world at that time. They influenced the world and left an indelible mark in the ancient world. Traces of their contributions are ubiquitous, ranging from the invention of paper to the Latin language. Both shared similarities and grew due to a strong government and profitable trade. Yet due to numerous factors, both Empires pulverized under intense pressure and never returned to their former glory.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Comparing the Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire Essay

- The Han Dynasty and the Roman Empire were two grand empires that rose out of preexisting territories and provided relative peace over wide areas. The collapse of the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BCE), which was the first great land-based empire in East Asia, came after a period of war, confusion, and tyrannical rule. Due to the political disorder that stemmed from the early dynastic activity, the emergence of the Han Dynasty (206 BCE- 228 CE) sprung to focus on restoring order. On the other hand, the rise of the Roman Empire (44 BCE- 476 CE) originated from consolidating authority over aristocratic landlords and overriding the democratic elements of the earlier Republic....   [tags: Han Dynasty vs Roman Empire ]

Strong Essays
2784 words (8 pages)

Advancements in the Roman Empire Compared to that of the Han Dynasty Essay

- As one rises, another falls. Civilizations undulated in historic times more frequently than waves in an ocean; however, most of them are forgotten to this day because of their insignificant impact. The Roman and Chinese Empires were established like any other civilization, but rose to power through proper governing of the people. They later became so successful that they emulated one another in different fields of culture. The Han Dynasty was one of many dynasties in ancient China and it was able to change the outlook on society because of its radical and novel ideology based on Confucianism....   [tags: Roman Empire vs Han Dynasty]

Strong Essays
2178 words (6.2 pages)

The Han and Roman Empires: A Test in Longevity Essay

- The history of the empires of Afro-Eurasia ebb and flow like an ocean tide; it's waves representing the degrees of dissension; its over bearing water levels claiming the dry shore in its path, claiming the sands as its people. Such is never permanent, soon the tides will recede and the sand will be claimed by yet, another tide; to repeat this process yet again. Two empires in Afro-Eurasia, born in the final years before the common era; defied those that came before in their ability to maintain their reign over their respective realms....   [tags: qin dynasty, afro eurasia, han dynasty]

Strong Essays
1729 words (4.9 pages)

The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty Essay

- ... The Han Dynasty rulers modified some of the harsher aspects of the previous dynasty; Confucian ideals of government were adopted as the creed of the Han Empire. To ensure peace with non-Chinese local powers, the Han court developed a mutually beneficial ‘tributary system’. Non-Chinese states were allowed to remain autonomous in exchange for symbolic acceptance of Han overlordship. The Han Dynasty did expand into southern China, northern Vietnam, and parts of Korea. Conversely, the Han Dynasty’s primary focus was not to conquer as much land as possible for more power and wealth as was the Roman Empire emphasis....   [tags: history of Western Civilizaion]

Strong Essays
1261 words (3.6 pages)

The Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty Essay examples

- ... Augustus strengthened the political organization of Rome through law and tax reform, protected borders and initiated building projects such as the Colosseum (Emmons, “Roman Empire”).  Additionally, Augustus created networks of roads, police, fire, and courier systems, and a standing army.  The relative freedom from conflict for such a lengthy period of time allowed Rome to prosper culturally, economically, and architecturally. The Empire reached its zenith under the rule of Emperor Trajan.  The Roman territory extended 6.5 million km2 to the east including Dacia, Arabia, Armenia, and Mesopotamia, securing its greatest size to date after the general defeated the Dacians in three battles....   [tags: historical analysis]

Strong Essays
1585 words (4.5 pages)

The Roman and Han Empires Essay

- The Han and Roman were similar, and different in ideas, techniques, and technological advances. The attitudes and responses shown towards technological advances, were the sought and need in hopes of empire longevity, praise and self-glorifying of successes that arise from technological advancements benefits, and anger and desperation out of labor disputes and social decline due to political corruption in technological manufacturing, State building of both empires led to an attitude and response of a need and want for the empires longevity....   [tags: Compare&Contrast, Empires, Technology Advances]

Strong Essays
808 words (2.3 pages)

Han and Roman Empires Essay

- From the 2nd century BCE through the 1st century CE, both the Han and Roman empires were dealing with the production of advancement in technology. Since the empires were from separate time periods each empire had different attributes when it came to creating technology and what they built with their technology. In the Han Empire, technology had been a luxury part of their empire because it was essential to their wealth and productivity. In the Roman Empire, their thought on technology had been it is a necessity to build their empire and to conquer land wherever they saw weakness....   [tags: History, Huan Tan]

Strong Essays
2674 words (7.6 pages)

Essay on Nō Drama Analysis: Hanjo-Lady Han

- Out of all the nō plays that we were required to read in class from Atsumori to Sumidagawa, there were sometimes resolution to the story but never truly happy endings. Therefore, my views on nō dramas were not very high. I personally love happy endings so when I received this assignment I was determined to find one that suited to my liking, thus I found Hanjo. According to the book, Japanese Nō dramas by Royall Tyler, Hanjo was written by Zeami himself and the honzetsu of the story is a famous Chinese story called Han Shōyo or Lady Han (which could be found in the Wakan rōei shū, or the “Collection of Japanese and Chinese poems for Chanting Aloud”)....   [tags: Zeami, Lady Han, Hanago]

Strong Essays
1068 words (3.1 pages)

Comparing Han China and Ancient Rome Essay

- Han China and Ancient Rome are without doubt two of the most powerful and famous empires in ancient times. The Han Dynasty ruled China from 202 B.C. - A.D. 220. The Han Dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China, preceded by the Qin Dynasty (221 B.C.–206 B.C.). It was founded by the rebel leader Liu Bang, known posthumously as Emperor Gao Zu of Han. As emperor, Liu Bang took a series of measures that were good for his people. He ordered the reduction of field taxes on the peasants and let the armies go back to farming....   [tags: Ancient Civilizations ]

Strong Essays
2159 words (6.2 pages)

Essay about Saboteur by Han Jin

- “Saboteur” by Han Jin Saboteur, written by Ha Jin exposes a difficult period of China: the Cultural Revolution and its consequences on people’s life. Through the author’s skillful use of setting, symbolism and the main character’s dynamism, the reader is able to understand the theme of the story that is revenge. The setting of a story has a ponderous influence on the reader’s perception as it often justifies a character’s behavior. In Saboteur, the story takes place in communist China as witnessed by the concrete statue of Chairman Mao in the middle of the square....   [tags: Saboteur Han Jin Essays]

Strong Essays
1342 words (3.8 pages)