Compare and Contrast Theoretical Orientations of Sigmund Freud and Abraham Maslow

Compare and Contrast Theoretical Orientations of Sigmund Freud and Abraham Maslow

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Compare and Contrast Theoretical Orientations of Sigmund Freud and Abraham Maslow


A. Sigmund Freud
B. Biography
Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856, in Freiberg, Moravia, a small town in Austro Hungarian. His parents were Amalia and Jacob Freud. His father was a wool merchant with a keen mind and a good sense of humor. His mother was a lively woman. (http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/freud.html) He grew up in a family of 11, with two older-half brothers and six younger siblings. When Freud was four or five years old his family moved to Vienna where he lived most of his life. Freud and his wife Martha had6 kids three boys and three girls. There names in order of age were Mathilde, Jean, Oliver, Ernst, Sophie, and finally Anna. His children describe him as warm, loving terms.

During his lifetime, Feud published eight books. The first book was a monograph on cocaine. Then 1895 he published Studies on Hysteria with Breuer. In 1900, Freud wrote The Interpretation of Dreams. That was followed by The Psychopathology of Everyday Life in 1901. In 1905, Freud wrote Three Essays on Sexuality. Then Freud took some time off before he published Beyond the Pleasure Principle, which introduced his concept of the death instinct in 1920. Three years later, he published The Ego and the Id in 1923. His final published work was Civilization and its Discontents in 1929. Freud died on September 23, 1939 of cancer in London.

One of Freud’s major research accomplishments was his findings on infant sexuality also known as Psychosexual Stages. The first stage is the oral stage which 0-1 years old. This is the stage where sensual/sexual life begins. It is in the form of sucking the thumb, biting, and breast sucking. Fixation in this stage ...


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...mechanisms are denial, displacement, and rationalization. Denial is refusing to believe or perceiving that something took place. Displacement is directing anger from the main target to a secondary target. Rationalization is trying to justify the actions someone did by making up a plausible excuse. (http://www.clinicalsolutions.org/Welcome.html), ((Sharon Heller Freud A to Z), and (http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/freud.html)



The only contributions that maybe used today are psychosexual stages. The psychosexual stages today are not focus on Freud’s psychosexual stages but on the interpersonal development. The psychoanalyst Erik Erikson made his psychosexual stages that parallel Freud’s, but cover all the development stages and Erik Erikson stages are widely employed by psychologists all over to understand a kid’s development. (Sharon Heller Freud A to Z p 47)

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