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A. In Pride and Prejudice, the main female character Elizabeth is shown to have extreme pride towards the main male character Darcy. This is because in their first meeting Elizabeth's pride is wounded by Darcy as he says She is tolerable, but not handsome enough to tempt me, and I am in no humour to give consequence to young ladies who are slighted by other men.' This thoughtless and proud comment causes Elizabeth to take an instant dislike to Darcy. It also clouds her judgement of Darcy's true nature.
After everyone has left for Rosings, Elizabeth is still fuming from the news that Darcy was the cause of Jane and Bingley's break up. Elizabeth is then startled by the arrival of Darcy. After a few minutes of silence, Darcy shocks Elizabeth with a sudden declaration of love for her and a proposal of marriage. In the beginning Elizabeth is flattered in spite of her deeply rooted prejudice against Darcy. Elizabeth's feelings soon turn to rage as Darcy catalogs all the reasons why he did not pursue his feelings earlier. These reasons include her inferior social class and her family obstacles.
As a retaliation Elizabeth stuns Darcy by refusing his proposal very harshly stating "I had not known you a month before I felt that you were the last man in the world whom I could ever be prevailed on to marry." This shows the extent of her prejudice against Darcy as she says that even from the beginning she disliked him. She condemns him for his arrogant manner in which he proposed his actions to separate Jane and Bingley and his actions of unfairness on Wickham. He accepts these accusations without apology, even with contempt. However, he flinches when she accuses him of not behaving like a gentleman and when Elizabeth finishes her denunciation of him, Darcy angrily departs.
Elizabeth's lively, straightforward, daring character and her disregard for considerations of rank show through clearly in her reaction to Darcy's proposal. Her pride is also evident, for the lack of civility in her refusal is due primarily to injured pride resulting from Darcy's frank explanation of his reservations about proposing to her because of her inferior connections.
Overwhelmed with emotion, Elizabeth cries for a half hour afterward and retreats to her room when everyone returns home. Elizabeth collapses and cries from weakness as a result of what has passed.
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This chapter is among the most important of the novel. They present the plot's climaxthe turning point of the action of the noveland the beginning of the endthe resolution of the plot. Here, Elizabeth experiences her great self-revelation about her prejudices as she realises later that Darcy was right about her family and Jane and Wickham, and Darcy receives a similar blow to his own expectations and perceptions of the world.
Austen has carefully structured the plot so that Darcy's proposal comes at the height of Elizabeth's anger toward him. Elizabeth's conversation with Colonel Fitzwilliam leaves her so upset and resentful of Darcy that she makes herself sick thinking about how he has harmed her sister. Her feelings are such that she cannot bear the thought of seeing him. At the same time, Darcy's feelings for Elizabeth have reached the point of compelling him to go to her and expose his heart, leading to his outburst, "In vain have I struggled. It will not do. My feelings will not be repressed. You must allow me to tell you how ardently I admire and love you."
The proposal itself is filled with pride as Darcy refers to all the obstacles which he has had to overcome in order to make him take this step. Rather than emphasizing his love for Elizabeth, he focuses on the negatives of the situation and makes disparaging comments about her family. Meanwhile, the proposal completely stuns Elizabeth. She has been blind to Darcy's affections for her because she has been so prejudiced against him. Note that throughout the scene, Darcy accuses Elizabeth of pride, while Elizabeth accuses him of prejudicean ironic reversal of the way readers has viewed each character. Elizabeth tells him that he was prejudiced against Wickham, against Jane, and against things that do not fit into his social world. In turn, he tells her that she would not be so adamant "had not your pride been hurt by my honest confession." This ironic reversal emphasizes that both Elizabeth and Darcy have been guilty of both pride and prejudice.
Collins proposal is an altogether totally different event. There are no harsh words, shouts or insults. Collins proposal is different because with him, Elizabeth has no real dislike for him as she does for Darcy. Even though his proposal is very business like and not of love, Elizabeth is shown to have strength in declining it very kindly. Mr. Collins proposes to Elizabeth; in a long speech explaining that he considers it appropriate for him to marry and that he wants to marry one of the Miss Bennets in order lessen the difficulty of the entailment of the estate. Elizabeth refuses him in no uncertain terms, but Mr. Collins refuses to believe that her refusal could be sincere, considering it a formality of female etiquette to always refuse a proposal the first time. Mr. Collins' comic inability to believe that Elizabeth could possibly be sincere in her repeated refusals of his proposal demonstrates how little respect he has for Elizabeth and how completely conceited he is. Elizabeth repeats and strengthens her refusal, but as he still cannot believe her to be sincere, so she simply leaves.
Mr. Collins' proposal and his reaction to Elizabeth's refusal solidify Austen's portrait of this absurd character. The proposal itself is delivered in such a way that it seems more appropriate for a business deal than for a declaration of love. Mr. Collins explains to Elizabeth that he had come to Longbourn with the purpose of finding of a wife both on account of Lady Catherine's advice and on account of a desire to make amends for the difficulties involved in the entailment of the Longbourn estate. Only after he explains these cold considerations does he mention that he has a high regard for Elizabeth.
Since none of his own words express genuine thoughts or feelings, he assumes that no one else's words do either. Further, his conceit prevents him from seeing any reason why Elizabeth would not want to marry him. Mr. Collins is an example of someone who sees marriage more as a partnership for social and financial advantage than as a relationship to express the love and affection of two people for each other.
In a way the two proposals are the same as none of them show regard for Elizabeth's feelings. Both of them think that they are doing a favour for her in asking her to marry them and each in their own minds have no doubt that Elizabeth will say yes to them. They are then both shocked and stunned when she does say no and neither of them can believe it. They are slightly resentful as their pride has taken a blow. Elizabeth has an excuse in refusing them as neither of the proposals told her how much they admired her or loved her without insulting her.
However Elizabeth's reactions to each proposal are very different. When Collins proposes to her she declines politely and then walks off whereas in Darcy's proposal Elizabeth is very rude to Darcy and declines him very harshly. She means to hurt him with his words. She gives both her proposers a beating of their pride. When we look at her reactions to both the proposals, we are shown how deep and engraved Elizabeth's prejudice against Darcy is because she does not give Darcy a chance to explain himself and she readily believes Wickham's words. Here we really see how badly she dislikes Darcy. Its almost as if Darcy is to be blamed for everything. Elizabeth does not stop to think for one second that Darcy might actually be right. She thinks that it is his pride that is telling her than he has to lower himself to marry her as she comes from a inferior society but actually it is a great thing that he does not care about her social placement in the world.These two events bring out the title as Elizabeth is shown to have her pride and prejudices and Darcy his own each believing that the other is wrong.