One of the main debates in anthropological theory is ideographic versus nomothetic explanations, which encompasses the dispute if the discipline of anthropology is historical or scientific. Ideographic is defined according to A.R. Radcliffe-Brown as “patterns found in a particular place and time” (Salzman 2010:26). An ideographic approach is most notably associated with Historical Particularism, which was founded by Franz Boas and advocated by Alfred Kroeber. Boas believed that cultural practices were to be understood in specific cultural contexts, not evolutionary stages (Perry 2003:141). Thus, he emphasized ethnographic fieldwork of individual cultures, which remains the major concern of cultural anthropology. Boas believed that to comprehend a culture’s customs, one must study the environmental conditions during their development, psychological factors, and historical connections, but its history was the most imperative (McGee and Warms 2012:114)...
... middle of paper ...
...Introductory History. 5th edition. New York: McGraw-Hill
Moore, Jerry D.
2009 Visions of Culture: An Introduction to Anthropological Theories and Theorists. 3rd
edition. United Kingdom: AltaMira Press.
Perry, Richard J.
2003 Five Key Concepts in Anthropological Thinking. New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.
Salzman, Philip Carl
2010 Thinking Theoretically. In Thinking Anthropologically: A Practical Guide for Students.
3rd edition. Pp. 26-35. Boston: Prentice Hall.
2012 4034 harris. PowerPoint Presentation. ANT 4034 Canvas Course Web site at University
South Florida. Accessed February 24, 2014 from https:// usflearn.instructure.com.
1860 The Social Organism. In Anthropological Theory: An Introductory History. 5th edition.
Pp. 13-30. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Race is a social construct that has influence all aspects of the American world view and life. The idea of race was constructed in America to justify slavery of Africans, stealing from and killing Native Americans, and prejudice against immigrants. Boas was took a stand on this subject that was not in line with mainstream perceptions on the subject. Another differing view was Du Bois who had some similarities in view and differences from Boas. Even with their legacies showing that race is not a biological reality, the power and impact of race can still be felt today, even though it is seen as a social construct by anthropologists.... [tags: Boas, Du Bois, Theories]
1869 words (5.3 pages)
- Rarely do people search high and low for others that have creative minds. As sorrowful as it is, few consider creativity relevant and even fewer understand why we need more innovate thinking. In a world where people teach in specific ways and where there aren’t many opportunities that allow growth for creative thought, we fail to fully explore one’s true potential. A minority interested in discovering that potential continue to investigate a more appropriate method to teaching old ideas that hopefully lead to new ideas.... [tags: Creativity, Idea, Innovation, Thought]
878 words (2.5 pages)
- In thinking and decision making, it will be analyzed on three different types of thinking styles. The three thinking styles analyzed are Creative thinking, Logical thinking, and Persuasive thinking. These three thinking styles are some of the many important styles used in a workplace. Creative, logical, and persuasive is a great mix of thinking styles that helps a company becomes very successful in completing a job task. The three different types of thinking will be spoken of on how they each affect the critical thinking process.... [tags: Thinking Styles]
1278 words (3.7 pages)
- The study of anthropology has undergone several transformations in the theoretical standpoints in its pursuit to understand human differences. During the discipline’s early history, these theories revolved around the indigenous people that Europeans encountered during their explorations. One of these shifts is illustrated in the variation in the declaration of the Enlightenment philospher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who stated, “Man is born free, and everywhere in chains” and Victorian anthropologist Edward Burnett Tylor’s assertion that “Life in the Uncivilized World is fettered at every turn by chains of custom”.... [tags: anthropology, human differences, utopia]
1149 words (3.3 pages)
- The classic forms of social criticism were developed and applied in practice, even in ancient philosophy by Xenophanes, Socrates, Plato and the Cynics. The interest in critical thinking has never waned in the social and political thought, but social criticism reached true prosperity in the Enlightenment. Voltaire and Rousseau, Montesquieu and Locke, Hume, and Kant saw the most important means of formation of free and responsible citizens, harmonious and creative personality in a critical attitude towards the institutions and values.... [tags: Critical thinking, Reasoning, Logic, Thought]
1321 words (3.8 pages)
- Every day, living creatures are making decisions. Whether the decisions are big or small, they have to be made. As the decisions are performed, there is a process that one goes through. Different types of thinking styles and thought processes are available. The way one feels, believes, attitudes, and relating ideas can play a big part in their thinking styles. Various methods of thinking and thinking styles are used. In this paper the subject is to discuss is three different types of thinking styles.... [tags: Critical Thinking Essays]
1082 words (3.1 pages)
- We often refer to critical thinking as someone who can think very clearly, with reason and complex ideas. This is somewhat true. Yes that does help to begin and mend a critical thinker but critical thinking also includes a combination of skills. Those main characteristics are self awareness, honesty, open-mindedness discipline, and judgment. Using these characteristics daily and with practice develops an amazing critical thinker. That person can live life solving hard problems, creating new ways of solving them, and using new ideas and techniques when needed.... [tags: Critical Thinking Essays]
952 words (2.7 pages)
- The concepts of critical thinking and creative thinking are both gaining increasing importance in the world today. Critical thinking allows people to understand difficult concepts in a manner that is clearer and more defined. They can more readily understand those concepts if they employ critical thinking. In all portions of everyday life, a person is expected to make independent judgments. Those judgments are based on experience and knowledge. Without the ability to think critically, every situation that a person comes across would have to be considered in isolation from all other situations.... [tags: Critical Thinking Essays]
1255 words (3.6 pages)
- Critical Thinking Critical thinking can be defined in a numerous ways, but all the definitions agree that critical thinking is definitely thinking about thinking. Webster’s dictionary defines it as the mental process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating information to reach an answer or conclusion. It is important to understand critical thinking as well as be able to think critically when managing a business.... [tags: Thinking Learning Education]
714 words (2 pages)
- We have covered many topics during the last five weeks, including decision-making models, fallacies and their significance to critical thinking, analyzing work-related situations, and tools and techniques that we can use to solve, fix and head off problems. I would like to sum up the course reviewing how ethics influence our daily decision-making as well as touching on the impact technology has had on work-related stress. The Influence of Ethics on Decision-Making Most businesses that offer leadership-training courses stress the need for human skills throughout all managerial levels.... [tags: Decision Making Critical Thinking]
1170 words (3.3 pages)