Community-Based Participatory Research Essay

Community-Based Participatory Research Essay

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Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is an asset-building model that was constructed by the medical community. Essentially, the model was based on the asset-based community development (ABCD) approach; however, CBPR has been adapted to research study. CBPR uses research methods to use both quantitative and qualitative information to obtain the community’s strengths. Authors Lightfoot, McCleary, & Lum (2014) claimed that, although CBPR strongly supports a strengths based approach, many social workers have not incorporated it into their practice. Similarly, the authors claimed that CBPR can be as successful at the mezzo and micro levels as it was at the macro level. With so much acclaim, some may ask why this model has not been used broadly within the social work field. Through understanding and assessing the many facets of CBPR, one will be better suited to accept or reject the CBPR model.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s website posted an essay - Community-based Participatory Research: Necessary Next Steps - which defined CBPR as:
[A] collaborative approach to research that equitably involves all partners in the research process and recognizes the unique strengths that each brings. CBPR begins with a research topic of importance to the community and has the aim of combining knowledge with action and achieving social change to improve health outcomes and eliminate health disparities. (Faridi, Grunbaum, Gray, Simoes 2007 as cited in Arbor 2007)
Essentially, researchers combine forces with the community and persons of interest to identify resources and information that combat a community’s deficit. By mapping these resources, managers can effectively research solutions to existing ...

... middle of paper ...

...ction techniques. After the initial data is collected, social work researchers can start incorporating these strengths into micro, mezzo, and macro levels of a community. Although this model may seem redundant in the social work field, it provides a platform for working with medical networks while leaving a valuable tool behind for the community being researched. In conclusion, the use of CBPR can take social work values and applies them to the broader community.

Works Cited

Faridi, Z., Grunbaum, J., Gray, B., Simoes, E. (2007, July 3). Community-based Participatory Research: Necessary Next Steps. Retrieved from /06_0182.htm

Lightfoot, E., McCleary, J., & Lum, T. (2014). Asset mapping as a research tool for community-based participatory research in social work. Social Work Research, 38(1), 59-64. doi:10.1093/swr/svu001

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