Community-Based Participatory Research Essay

Community-Based Participatory Research Essay

Length: 1118 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is an asset-building model that was constructed by the medical community. Essentially, the model was based on the asset-based community development (ABCD) approach; however, CBPR has been adapted to research study. CBPR uses research methods to use both quantitative and qualitative information to obtain the community’s strengths. Authors Lightfoot, McCleary, & Lum (2014) claimed that, although CBPR strongly supports a strengths based approach, many social workers have not incorporated it into their practice. Similarly, the authors claimed that CBPR can be as successful at the mezzo and micro levels as it was at the macro level. With so much acclaim, some may ask why this model has not been used broadly within the social work field. Through understanding and assessing the many facets of CBPR, one will be better suited to accept or reject the CBPR model.
Definition
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention’s website posted an essay - Community-based Participatory Research: Necessary Next Steps - which defined CBPR as:
[A] collaborative approach to research that equitably involves all partners in the research process and recognizes the unique strengths that each brings. CBPR begins with a research topic of importance to the community and has the aim of combining knowledge with action and achieving social change to improve health outcomes and eliminate health disparities. (Faridi, Grunbaum, Gray, Simoes 2007 as cited in Arbor 2007)
Essentially, researchers combine forces with the community and persons of interest to identify resources and information that combat a community’s deficit. By mapping these resources, managers can effectively research solutions to existing ...


... middle of paper ...


...ction techniques. After the initial data is collected, social work researchers can start incorporating these strengths into micro, mezzo, and macro levels of a community. Although this model may seem redundant in the social work field, it provides a platform for working with medical networks while leaving a valuable tool behind for the community being researched. In conclusion, the use of CBPR can take social work values and applies them to the broader community.



Works Cited

Faridi, Z., Grunbaum, J., Gray, B., Simoes, E. (2007, July 3). Community-based Participatory Research: Necessary Next Steps. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2007/jul /06_0182.htm

Lightfoot, E., McCleary, J., & Lum, T. (2014). Asset mapping as a research tool for community-based participatory research in social work. Social Work Research, 38(1), 59-64. doi:10.1093/swr/svu001

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Multi Participatory Action Oriented Research Essay

- The narratives explored in this paper are drawn from a larger, ongoing three-year, international participatory action-oriented research and partnership project entitled Pedagogies of Repair and Reconciliation (Tikkun): The Embodied Praxis of Youth Civic Engagement. The project represents an international multi-sector, action-oriented research study that aims to explore, facilitate, and promote youth-led civic engagement. The research project is currently being conducted in five sites across three countries: Canada, Kosovo, and South Africa....   [tags: Research, Participatory action research]

Strong Essays
1205 words (3.4 pages)

Community Power and Participatory Decision-Making Essay example

- At its first level of conception, the possibilities of a study focused on the community of Bautista appeared endless; it quickly became obvious that certain preferences would need to be supported over others. These preferences provided several points of reflection based on the limitations, details, and depth facilitated by methodological choices. It is no surprise that no researcher can do a thoroughly exhaustive study that can take into account all dimensions of a decision-making process. Indeed, many challenges were met over the course of evaluating the community within the current research....   [tags: Bautista Community]

Strong Essays
1394 words (4 pages)

Community Power and Participatory Decision-Making Essay example

- Critical theory appears unpopular probably because of its ideological bias as claimed by Pease, Form and Rytina (1970). Liebert and Imershein (1977) similarly assert that a common theoretical tendency in community research is a distinctly “political theme that tends to find the greatest efficacy and power, and indeed the most universal structure of power, to lie in a certain organized diversity, a pluralist state of subsystems within an integrated system of elites” (pp. 191-192). The primary aim of critical theory, as James Bohman (2005) notes, is to thwart oppression....   [tags: Karl Marx, Social Constructionism]

Strong Essays
1225 words (3.5 pages)

Essay about Reflection on the Community Health Practicum Experience

- I completed my practicum at the State University Health Research Center. The HRC was launched in March 2014 by the State School of Medicine. Its mission is to utilize the Community-based Participatory Research (CBPR) approach to build the community capacity and leadership for health promotion and disease prevention across the diverse populations of the county. The HRC is funded by a 5-year, $4.1 million grant from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), as part of the Prevention Research Centers Program....   [tags: Community Health Internship]

Strong Essays
1210 words (3.5 pages)

Participatory And Transformational Leadership : Essay

- UNIT 4 CST FINAL PROJECT Participatory and Transformational Leadership Introduction Throughout this class, we learned that leadership can be defined in many ways by different authors. The definitions depend on many things and different variables. One way of we can attempt to define is through characteristics of the leader, the followers, and the situation (Yukl, 2013). Yukl, 2013 defines leadership as being “the process of influencing others to understand and agree about what needs to be done and how to do it, and the process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplish shared objectives” (Yukl, 2013 p.7)....   [tags: Leadership, Management, Decision making]

Strong Essays
1371 words (3.9 pages)

Participatory Development Essay

- Golooba-Mutebi’s report on decentralization and popular participation in Uganda highlights the shortcomings of participatory development. He traces the development path followed within the primary health care sector and concludes that decentralization and popular participation have failed to correct the short comings thought to have been a result of the top-down political system previously in place. He does not support the top-down approach and acknowledges its shortcomings, but argues that decentralization fails to correct them....   [tags: Uganda, Political System, Health Care]

Strong Essays
817 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on Different Types of Action Research

- At times researchers’ interest extend beyond finding relationships, trends, patterns, descriptions and understanding individuals or groups, instead there are problems and issues that draw their attention. When researchers concern themselves with problems and seek a plan of action to solve these problems, they benefit from the use of action research designs (Creswell, 2008). Sometimes seeking to understand on-going problems is not enough, especially as these problems hinder the quality of education our children receive at schools....   [tags: practical action,participatory action,education]

Strong Essays
1198 words (3.4 pages)

Essay about Community Power and Participatory Decision-Making

- The study was qualitative in nature as it helped in understanding and giving interpretations to behaviors, emotions, beliefs, texts, talk and relationships of the individuals in the community studied. The case study design, one of the formats used in qualitative research, was used to primarily determine the potentials of participation in decision-making to demonstrate power. The ability to describe and explain in detail aspects of processes in a social unit in their real social context is the main reason why this research adopted the case study design (Feliciano, 1994)....   [tags: Analysis, Dahl, Decision Approach]

Strong Essays
729 words (2.1 pages)

An Overview Of Action Research Essay

- An overview of Action Research Action research (AR) is a class of methods for research carried out in a participatory way in collaboration with community partners, stakeholders and participants. Whilst a definitive definition of AR is not fully agreed, there are however core values and principles that identify research as AR and offer guidance for the conducting of this type of social enquiry (Hayes 2011). AR has at least 3 common features (Gray 2009 p313); the participants are co-researchers (Burian et al 2010) engaged in a democratic partnership with the researcher, the research is “seen as an agent of change (Gray 2009 p313), and there is a direct relationships with the co-researcher pa...   [tags: Research, Scientific method]

Strong Essays
1874 words (5.4 pages)

Participatory Communication in the Visual Design Process Employed by the EcoWaste Coalition in Producing Their Communication Materials

- Development is about, and for the people. In the context of our society today, those who need development is almost always the marginalized or the underserved – those who are in the lower class of the society. On the other hand, those who promote and make development possible is oftentimes the government, private sectors, and NGOs – which basically consist people from society’s middle or upper class. Given this, a knowledge gap can be assumed to exist between the giver and the receiver of programs that aim for development....   [tags: Communication ]

Strong Essays
2063 words (5.9 pages)