First, Marx opens by describing the purpose of this document and how the situation came to be. This manifesto was intended to provide a rebuttal to the powers of Europe who, for the most part, opposed communism. They fear its growing influence and so they use whatever means possible to stop it and Marx explains that it is high time the communist party describes its views and addresses the claims being made against them. He then explains the basic background behind his and the communist party 's beliefs. Marx explains that history was entirely shaped by a class struggle between the oppressor and the oppressed. The oppressed would always cause an eventually, but the system was always rebuilt all the same. Over time, manufacturing and industry became more advanced, which only served to magnify the differences between the wealthy and the poor, eventually leading to two very distinct classes: the bourgeois and the proletarians (Marx 1-14).
The bourgeois are the powerhouses of society. They were able to take advantage of the growing technology and exploration to advance out of the middle class and become extremely rich. Through their wealth, the bourgeois were able to gain an enormous amount of influence in society. For example, they have “exclusive political sway” (Marx 18). In other word...
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..., under the power of the bourgeois, the poor are only becoming poorer and losing hope of improvement. They will ultimately revolt and because they are the majority, the bourgeois will most definitely fail. In the end, there will be no more economic distinctions between people and no one will own property as that is what the proletarians have come to know (Marx 44-59).
Overall, Marx 's The Communist Manifesto explains how society got to be as it was. The bourgeoisie came about through advances in technology and were able to take control of the proletarians who were not as fortunate. They were left to live miserable lives and serve the needs of those more wealthy than they. However, their time will come as the bourgeois way of life is not sustainable. When the bourgeoisie finally fail, the proletarians will rise up and communism will become the main power in society.
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