Essay about The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx

Essay about The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx

Length: 1253 words (3.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The positivist tradition in anthropology, suggested in the Erikson text to have begun following the release of The Course of Positive Philosophy by August Comte between 1830-1842 describes anthropology as the “position that social phenomena can, and should, be investigated 'objectively,' without reference to the personal opinions or the cultural context of the investigator” (Erikson, & Murphy, 2010, p. 10). The early modern study of anthropology is essentially an articulation of Comte's views on how human societies should be examined. Over the past century, anthropological theory has evolved from an effort to objectively understand humanity as developing according to preordained, determinist processes to an acknowledgement of the complexities and differences inherent to all societies and civilizations. A view of the evolving goals of anthropology can be observed through the reading of several texts, most prominently in The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, Coming of Age in Samoa by Margaret Mead, The Methods of Ethnology by Franz Boas and finally, in Knowing the Oriental by Edward Said.

In The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, he outlines his belief in the existence of two groups of people with irreconcilable goals: the bourgeois, the owners of the means of production, and the proletariat, the predominantly poor workers who sell their labour in exchange for money. Along with this, he also indicates his belief that “[t]he proletariat goes through various stages of development.” He outlines these stages in the text: workers begin at a stage in which they labour individually, described as a “incoherent mass scattered over the whole country” to a time in which they have developed into a “political class” and have reached their “d...


... middle of paper ...


... such as Said, for whom assumptions about determinism and society are completely rejected. This post-1950 interpretation of anthropology seems to accurately reflect the views held by myself. Given that there exist an enormous number of cultures living in seemingly-infinite combinations of circumstances, it seems presumptuous that anthropologists of the past deemed it appropriate in their work to brand the development of entire civilizations (much less, as Said writes, to claim to have real “knowledge” of them) as destined to inevitably develop along Western models. While many societies do develop along these models, it seems evident that their development is a result of the influence of Western cultures (as outlined by Boas), interplaying with other factors, rather some mysterious, metaphysical quality binding the development their development along western models.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

A Summary of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Essay

- A Summary of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Karl Marx was an idealist. He observed the cruelties and injustices that the poor working class endured during the period of industrial revolution, and was inspired to write of a society in which no oppression existed for any class of people. Marx believed in a revolution that would end socialism and capitalism, and focus on communist principles. The Manifesto of the Communist Party, written by Karl Marx and edited by Frederick Engels, describes the goals of the communist party for ending exploitation of the working class and creating a society in which there is equality in society without social classes.1 The first part of the Manifesto...   [tags: Communist Manifesto Karl Marx Engels Communism]

Strong Essays
1585 words (4.5 pages)

The Effects of Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto on Human Values Essay

- The Effects of Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto on Human Values What was it like living in the times before the Communist Manifesto was introduced to society. What kind of affect did this document have on the values of the average family. How did it influence the values of the individual. Sometimes these values where affected in a way that does not come directly from the release of the Manifesto but instead vicariously through other events brought on by the document. Overall, an interesting topic to look at is what it meant to be human in the 1840’s....   [tags: Karl Marx Communist Manifesto Essays]

Strong Essays
1413 words (4 pages)

The Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx Essay

- After reading the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx I have a better hold on what it would have been like to have lived there in that time frame. It is amazing for me to think that the worker’s had to read this and comprehend what it was telling them with their limited educations when I had some difficulty reading this myself. I am going to be providing insight to my understanding and beliefs of what the Communist Manifesto is saying. The main idea that vibes off of Marx writing is what people should do in order to make a significant impact on communism to help direct communism to go down the same path Marx wants for it to....   [tags: Marxism, Karl Marx, Socialism, Communism]

Strong Essays
1570 words (4.5 pages)

Karl Marx And The Communist Manifesto Essay

- Taking a Look at The Communist Manifesto Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote The Communist Manifesto in 1848. The manifesto explains their view of the world both intellectually and politically. Both Marx and Engels explain their view on communism and how they believed the world can be changed. The main arguments that Marx and Engels come across is their belief in the abolition of private property, the over throw of the bourgeoisie, and the establishment of a new society without any classes. The manifesto explains what they believe history is, what their goal for communism is and it exploits socialism and other parties opposing communism throughout Europe....   [tags: Marxism, Communism, Karl Marx, Socialism]

Strong Essays
1573 words (4.5 pages)

The Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx Essay

- In the Communist Manifesto, by Karl Marx, it brings up the pressing issues against the bourgeois and the proletariats. One issue that brought up the cause of a revolution is how the bourgeois benefit more than the proletariat in labour, basically creating a working class. The proletariats want a society that has total and complete equality, no one higher and no one lower. The bourgeois have oppressed the working class to a type of class that is ultimately killing them slowly. The Communist Manifesto calls up a revolution from the ideas it portrays, and the ideology it displays....   [tags: Marxism, Karl Marx, Socialism, Communism]

Strong Essays
752 words (2.1 pages)

The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Essay

- The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx   Karl Marx (1818-1883) has been established (post-mortem of course, like almost all greats, it seems) as one of the most influential thinkers and writers of modern times. The Communist Manifesto published in 1848, lays down his theories on socialism. This manifesto was used to establish Communist Russia. Although that "experiment" failed, there are still points in his work that I find relevant in today's society.   One of Marx's arguments is that the society created by the bourgeois is so powerful and out of control that it can no longer be controlled....   [tags: Communist Manifesto Essays]

Free Essays
514 words (1.5 pages)

Karl Marx And The Communist Manifesto Essay

- Karl Marx And The Communist Manifesto Because the first printing of the Communist Manifesto was limited and the circulation restricted, the Manifesto did not have much impact on society after it was written in 1848. This meant that there were not many people who had access to the document. It wasn’t until 1871, when the Paris Commune occurred, that the Communist Manifesto began to have a huge impact on the working class all over the world.[i] The Paris Commune, which was the insurrection of Paris against the French government, resurrected the idea of communism that had been banished for good just a few years after the Manifesto’s publishing....   [tags: Communist Manifesto Essays]

Strong Essays
885 words (2.5 pages)

Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto Essay

- Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto The Communist Manifesto written by Karl Marx and Frederick Engels formulates the basic concepts of Communism. Faith and reason can be used to explain parts of this document. The Communist Manifesto has definite views dealing with faith, and along with this, religion. In the Manifesto, Marx states that religion is not needed in Communism because a society under Communism is classless. Marx uses reason to explain what will happen to society due to the materialism of the Industrial Revolution....   [tags: Communist Manifesto Essays]

Strong Essays
1258 words (3.6 pages)

Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto Essay

- Karl Marx's The Communist Manifesto The Communist Manifesto written by Karl Marx explains the history of all societies as the history of class conflicts, he claims that the power and direction of all societies is determined by the modes of production, as such when the mode of production no longer suits the relations of society there is a revolution. He predicts that a revolution is coming between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie, and calls its coming inevitable. Marx argues that the bourgeoisies are no longer fit to rule, nor is their rule sustainable, as such the proletariat will overthrow them and end all class antagonisms with the creation of a classless society....   [tags: Communist Manifesto Essays]

Strong Essays
1715 words (4.9 pages)

Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto Essay

- Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto Faith and Reason Communism can seem very desirable. “It argued a world without war, in which the meek and the disadvantaged would share without distinction, the anticipated material and spiritual abundance generated by advanced.”(Gregor 19) This seems as though it would be the ideal form of government but in reality it is far from that. I will tell you about three of the most powerful communist countries of the twentieth century. The countries that I am talking about are the Soviet Union, or Russia as it is called today, the Peoples Republic of China, and Cuba....   [tags: Communist Manifesto Essays]

Strong Essays
1355 words (3.9 pages)