In The Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx, he outlines his belief in the existence of two groups of people with irreconcilable goals: the bourgeois, the owners of the means of production, and the proletariat, the predominantly poor workers who sell their labour in exchange for money. Along with this, he also indicates his belief that “[t]he proletariat goes through various stages of development.” He outlines these stages in the text: workers begin at a stage in which they labour individually, described as a “incoherent mass scattered over the whole country” to a time in which they have developed into a “political class” and have reached their “d...
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... such as Said, for whom assumptions about determinism and society are completely rejected. This post-1950 interpretation of anthropology seems to accurately reflect the views held by myself. Given that there exist an enormous number of cultures living in seemingly-infinite combinations of circumstances, it seems presumptuous that anthropologists of the past deemed it appropriate in their work to brand the development of entire civilizations (much less, as Said writes, to claim to have real “knowledge” of them) as destined to inevitably develop along Western models. While many societies do develop along these models, it seems evident that their development is a result of the influence of Western cultures (as outlined by Boas), interplaying with other factors, rather some mysterious, metaphysical quality binding the development their development along western models.
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- A Summary of the Communist Manifesto by Karl Marx Karl Marx was an idealist. He observed the cruelties and injustices that the poor working class endured during the period of industrial revolution, and was inspired to write of a society in which no oppression existed for any class of people. Marx believed in a revolution that would end socialism and capitalism, and focus on communist principles. The Manifesto of the Communist Party, written by Karl Marx and edited by Frederick Engels, describes the goals of the communist party for ending exploitation of the working class and creating a society in which there is equality in society without social classes.1 The first part of the Manifesto... [tags: Communist Manifesto Karl Marx Engels Communism]
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