The Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels Essay

The Communist Manifesto By Karl Marx And Friedrich Engels Essay

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During the 19th century, as the Industrial Revolution in Europe was at its height, many issues and problems began to emerge in society. This new revolution created two new social classes, the middle class known as the bourgeois and the working class known as the proletariat. Those in the middle class controlled all the means of production in factories and other industries. However, many industrial workers faced tough working conditions in difficult environments. They were losing their jobs because of the advancement of machines, working long hours, earning low wages, and struggled to survive. Many socialists such as Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels responded to the struggles of society and published a pamphlet known as The Communist Manifesto. In the Communist Manifesto, they discussed the struggles between classes and how communism will ease the problems many industrial workers faced. Marx discussed Communism and how the struggles between social classes will led to a class free society controlled by the community. Marx also argued that there was “the history of class struggles” between the “haves” and the “have-nots.” The “haves” had always owned and controlled the means of production while the “have-nots” suffered to live day by day working for the bourgeois. Marx suggested that eventually the proletariat would be successful in eliminating the bourgeois. The proletariat will start a revolution to bring down capitalistic controlled societies. Workers would take control of the means of production and set up a class free, communist society. Marx opposed a capitalistic society because he believed it created prosperity for the few and poverty for many. Karl Marx’s ideas of Communism would influence the many future countries such as the...


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...strated how the government refused to allow democracy in society. In the end China’ Communist party was able to survive by allowing some capitalistic ideas to help keep it moving forward and strong. However, there are still some problems with how communism and some Chinese who want to seek democracy and freedom.
Overall, communism in both Russia and China moved away from Karl Marx’s original view. Communism was originally intended to become an international movement across the world to unite workers to end capitalism. However, communism became nationalistic in both countries. Nationalism gave people stronger ties to their own countries than to the international communist movement. In the end, communism in Russia and China became weak. Russia’s reforms to save the Soviet Union failed. China was only able to survive by allowing partial capitalism into their economy.

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