The Socialist movement began to start taking shape around this time and was further intensified by the Labor movements that started gaining momentum in many parts of Europe. In 1848, Karl Marx wrote the Communist Manifesto in German and attempted to explain the goals of communism and argued that class struggles were the most crucial factors in the development of history. In the later parts of the 19th Century, The International Working Men’s association commonly called The First International was an influential and unifying force for labor in Europe. French and the British trade unions co-operatively started the First International in 1864. First International comprised of a mixed group of people including trade unions, anarchist’s political groups, socialists and communists. The mixture of ideologies that formed the basis of the first international affected its progress and led to its downfall. The fall of the first international led to the formation of the Socialist International or the Second International in 1889. The key feature differentiating the first and second international is the fact that the second international comprise...
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...iods of depression. Socialist movement although originally developed to help the laborers, failed to cultivate a strong social hierarchy. They claimed to rule on behalf of the people but the laborers were alienated and felt no motivation or incentive to work harder. The production system was rigid and stagnant and these led to the failure of the socialist movement during this period in many countries. Therefore, from both Marxist theory and from the socialist movement until 1917, it can be seen that the socialist movement aimed at establishing a socialistic society with power distributed amongst workers equally. However, the socialist movement has its own contribution of achievements and failures. Since with great power, comes great responsibility, Socialism also can create wars and stagnate growth similar to capitalism if its principles are not applied properly.
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