Born in 1818 in Prussia, Karl Marx was a philosopher, journalist, historian, sociologist, economist, and revolutionary socialist. Marx is most notably known for founding socialism, a system of society in which no property is held as private, and his economic works, like the Communist Manifesto and Das Kapital. His fundamental ideas, later known as Marxism, created the base of Socialist and Communist movements throughout the world. Marx also had a very close friend named Friedrich Engels. Engels, born in 1820 in Prussia, was philosopher and collaborator of Karl Marx. Engels helped Marx co-author The Communist Manifesto and edit Das Kapital. Throughout The Communist Manifesto, key themes are showcased in Marx and Engels’s argument on economics. The major argument is for Communism. Marx states that Capitalism will eventually destroy itself and should be replaced by communist ideas.
If you were to ask Karl Marx what the driving force of history is, he would have a very specific answer. In The Communist Manifesto he stated, “The history of all hitherto existing societies is the history of class struggles.” In every society, whether it be ancient Rome or today, there are always classes. There is always the oppressors and the oppressed, the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The battle between the classes is what has drove history further and further. This battle consist of the working man wanting to be free from the ruling class’s control. Social class can determine a person’s existence and role in society. Mar...
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...rx says with communism, no longer would that be true. In a communist society, the proletariat would be equal to the bourgeoisie. This struck a chord with many workers because it is what they longed for: to be seen and treated as equals. No longer would there be classes distinguishing the rich and the poor. No longer would proletariats be exploited by industrial kings, but instead, be on the same level. No longer would there be a class struggle because there would be no classes. As an industrial worker, reading the Communist Manifesto would have definitely sparked an interest in learning about a society where they could be equal with their oppressors.
In the end, The Communist Manifesto is arguably one of the most influential books ever written. Marx and Engel’s work presented a different angle to economics and politics in the 1800s that forever changed the world.
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