Common Diseases of Dogs and Cows Essay

Common Diseases of Dogs and Cows Essay

Length: 1247 words (3.6 double-spaced pages)

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Contents

Introduction 2
Diseases in Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) 3
Parvovirus 3
Hookworm 3
Fleas 4
Diseases in Domestic Cattle (Bos Tauris) 4
Bovine Tuberculosis 4
Roundworm 4
Cattle Tick 5
Diseases of the Mountain Chicken (Leptodactylus fallax) 5
Chytrid Fungus 5
Metabolic Bone Disease 6
Diseases of the Superb Starling (Lamprotornis superbus) 6
Avian Salmonellosis 6
Hyperkeratosis 7
Conclusion 7
References 8



Introduction
This assessment will cover a range of diseases that affect dogs, cows, the superb starling and the mountain chicken.

Diseases in Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris)
Parvovirus
This infectious disease attacks rapidly dividing cells within the body. White blood cells are attacked and can damage the heart muscle causing long term cardiac problems. It can be transmitted through anything that has come into contact with the faeces on an infected animal, including people, animals and objects. It is highly resistant and can live outside the body for months, on food bowls, clothes, furniture and flooring. Unvaccinated dogs can easily contract the virus from walking the streets.

The dog will appear lethargic and will have a loss of appetite. There will be severe vomiting and diarrhoea, which can cause severe de-hydration. (petmd, 2013)

Hookworm
Hookworm is an intestinal infectious parasite. The eggs are passed out of the body in the faeces and hatch out in warm moist conditions.

The factors which influence the transmission of the parasite include the larvae getting onto the coat of the animal, they can be directly ingested as the dog licks and grooms itself, the larvae migrating directly through the skin and the dog eating a rodent, which is infested with hookworm.

Health can rapid...


... middle of paper ...


...h November 2013.
petmd. (Undated). Parvovirus. Available: http://www.petmd.com/dog/conditions/infectious-parasitic/c_dg_canine_parvovirus_infection. Last accessed 27th November 2013.
RSPCA. (2013). Keep fleas in check. Available: http://www.rspca.org.uk/allaboutanimals/pets/general/fleas. Last accessed 23th November 2013.
SPC. (Undated). Cattle Tick. Available: http://www.spc.int/lrd/ext/disease_manual_final/cattle_tick.html. Last accessed 23rd November 2013.
The University of Waikato. (2010). Frog disease in captivity. Available: http://www.sciencelearn.org.nz/Contexts/Saving-Reptiles-and-Amphibians/Sci-Media/Video/Frog-disease-in-captivity. Last accessed 25th November 2013.
World Assembly of Delegates. (2009). BOVINE TUBERCULOSIS . Available: http://www.oie.int/fileadmin/Home/eng/Health_standards/tahm/2.04.07_BOVINE_TB.pdf. Last accessed 23th November 2013.

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