In his autobiography Twelve Years as a Slave, Solomon Northup, who was kidnapped and sold to slave masters, describes the brutality of slavery. In 1808, Northup was born free in Minerva, New York. His parents were farmers and he followed in his father’s footstep to become a farmer himself. He was living in Saratoga Springs, with his wife and three children until March 1841. Traveling to Washington, D.C., with two men who claimed they were hiring him to be part of musical performance, Northup was kidnapped, sold to slave masters, and ended up on plantations. There he witnessed and wrote about the hard physical labor of slavery. He observed that the women worked as hard as the enslaved men. Imagine an African American woman working on the plantation like a man, eating a bit of corn and bacon, whipped every day like a donkey, sleeping in “crude, crowded cabins on planks of wood.” Northup was also forced to whip other slaves (Hine, Hine, and Harrold 143). The African American slave’s life was full of brutality and sorrow. An essential way to build community in the face of the brutality of slavery was slave music. According to Arthur C. Jones, psychologist and founder of the Spirituals Project at the University of Denver, the spirituals were “a defiant collective voice asserting the power and will to survive among the ...
... middle of paper ...
...edom and they used it to communicate with each other during slavery. In this song I recognized the creativity of the enslaved African Americans.
Douglass, Fredrick. Narrative of the Life of Fredrick Douglass: An American Slave. New York: The modern Library, 2004. Print. 14 Nov. 2011.
Early, Gerald. “Slavery: History in the Key of Jazz.” Jazz, a Film By Ken Burns. PBS, n.d.Web. 14 Nov. 2011.
Hine, Darlene Clark, William C. Hine, and Stanley Harrold.TheAfrican American Odyssey, Vol. 1.4th ed. Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008. Print. 14 Nov. 2011.
Jones, Arthur C. “Spirituals As Coded Communication.” Sweet Chariot: The Story of the Spirituals. The Spirituals Project at the University of Denver, Center for Teaching and Learning, 2004.Web. 14 Nov. 2011.
Rouse, Steve. “Swing Low, Sweet Chariot.” Manhattan Beach Music.Manhattan Beach Music.Web.14 Nov.2011.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- George Orwell's Coming Up for Air George Orwell’s novel, Coming Up for Air, portrays England at two different times. The story is based around George Bowling in 1939 and his life in the suburbs of London on Ellesmere Road, where all the houses are the same. He is very cynical of the world around him and dreams of his times as a child in Lower Binfield when things were not perfect, but not yet ruined by the Great War. The vision of 1900 England versus England in 1939 creates a sharp contrast in life for George Bowling.... [tags: George Orwell Coming Air Essays]
1298 words (3.7 pages)
- ... Your other option would be a briefcase with wheels. This is my favorite, because you can organize your school supplies, books, notebooks, and it even has a pocket space for your laptop to give it that extra protection. There are many backpacks to choose from, but the question is what is best for you. Always keep in mind a regular backpacks shouldn’t weigh more than 15% of ones total body weight (Singh and Koh). If a student weighs 140 pounds they should not carry a backpack more than 21 pounds (Avantika Rai).... [tags: schoolyard, college students]
1690 words (4.8 pages)
- Crowdsourcing was firstly used by Jeff Howe in an article "The Rise of Crowdsourcing". It takes the form of getting work or funding, usually online, from a crowd of people. The word is a combination of the word's 'crowd' and 'outsourcing'. The idea is to carry out work and outsource it to a crowd of workers. In other words, it is a modern way to encourage a large number of people and their resources to collect and share processed information to solve tricky problems and providing some sort of localized information.... [tags: crowdsourcing, opensignal, weather signal]
690 words (2 pages)
- ... I’m just an inquisitive, curious person,” “You are the one I see looking through hidden files and confidential papers. I think nosy is a better adjective. Now, let’s go in there and see what’s going on. This is your chance for your nosy status to shine.” We arrived at 6:14 p.m. Shucks parked the car and we went inside. Emergency hospital workers carried the fainted soldiers out to the ambulances on stretchers. There were more than ten of them. I was still shocked on who would do such a thing.... [tags: field, agency, restaurant, serve]
2280 words (6.5 pages)
- It was difficult, but in order to have a better life it needed to be done. As a result of not having enough resources, our visa was declined. Coming to the U.S for a better quality of life still needed to happen. Only at the time I had no idea what was going on or the obstacles it would create for me in the near future. I wondered why we had to cross deserts and a few countrysides on foot, keeping our trip a secret, going from unfamiliar places to the next, instead of just going on a plane like others.... [tags: Common College Application Essay]
570 words (1.6 pages)
- Have you ever been in a nursing home or in an environment where there were senior citizens. If so, have you ever wonder about their journey through life. Well, I’ve most certainly have, creating this biography gave me an opportunity to have an insight, on how someone once live their life and the obstacles they went through to be the person they are today. I was blessed with the pleasure of interviewing my Great-Uncle by the name of Gary Belizaire, whom is a retired veteran. This assignment couldn’t have been given at a better time.... [tags: Personal life, Lifestyle, Life, Military]
1909 words (5.5 pages)
- ... I think that the school should most definitely apply a rule or policy to those who are not coming to class because first off its not fair to those students who are coming. In most classes you need to be there for the whole time to even be able to study for the test or to even be able to talk about the subject comfortably. The people who pass the class without ever coming are obviously getting the notes from classmates or other people who allow them to take their notebooks home jeopardizing their studying while doing so.... [tags: consequences for not coming to class]
607 words (1.7 pages)
- At some point in a person's life, they must make the transition from childhood to adulthood. Many of a persons early life experiences can contribute to this transition, even if it is the simplest of things. Yellow Fever hit Philadelphia hard in 1793. It also hit hard in the book Fever: 1793 by Laurie Halse Anderson. In this book, fourteen year-old Mattie Cook?s life gets turned upside-down when Yellow Fever strikes Philadelphia. In her adventure, Mattie must show responsibility, and experience the pain of death before she matures into an adult.... [tags: Laurie Halse Anderson]
474 words (1.4 pages)
- ... After that, Essie’s family fell into a depression where her parents would constantly fight with each other and a lot of their frustrations were taken out on Essie herself, plus, it did not help that Essie’s mother, Toosweet, was pregnant as well, which meant that she could not help to support the family, further increasing the family’s frustration. This soon led to the discovery of Essie’s father’s affair with another woman, which led to the sudden divorce of her parents and the immediate move of Essie, Adline, Junior and their mother to their grandmother’s home.... [tags: Anne Moody's Coming of Age in Mississippi]
1286 words (3.7 pages)
- Sometime in 1978, my mother brings my sister and me to escape Viet Nam to Songkhla, Thailand. We arrived in San Antonio, Texas nine months later in July, 1979. It is here where I began my “American” education. It is this education system, and the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) through the medium called “television”, which shred lights on me as I become conscious of what happened to my home country was not the fault of my own people. Regrettably, growing up in “America” as a foreign kid, barely speaking English, moving from town to town, and changing school annually is not straightforward.... [tags: Personal Experience]
1701 words (4.9 pages)