One of the most crucial factors that allowed the colonization of Africa to occur when it did was the industrial revolution. The Industrial Revolution is demarcated by an inundation of new technologies, mass production, and the improvement of existing technologies. Four innovations that were made possible by the Industrial Revolution were the steam engine, the telegraph machine,the railroad, and the machine gun.
One ostensible challenge to a widespread colonization of Africa, prior to the Industrial Revolution, is the large distance between Europe and Africa. Not only is the distance problematic in terms of transporting people, but also in terms of the transportation of goods and raw materials. However, with the advent of the steam engine, mass quantities of goods and natural resources could be transported in significantly shorter amount of...
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...o European economies since their currency was valued according to the gold standard. Since the currency is gold-backed, European countries could not print or issue any more money than they had gold for. Since putting more money into an economy is one way to stimulate a depressed economy, the potential for gaining more could was enticing. Since established source of Gold, at the time, were diminishing it was even more important to each nation to secure a colony that could be mined for gold because the "power and stability" of western European countries relied on gold. The necessity to conquer those areas known for gold, such as the Transvaal, was exacerbated by the "protectionist" mindset of the European Nations. Since each nation was operating with an "every man for himself" philosophy, there were high stakes if a nation did not colonize areas with gold. So while the
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- The Scramble for Africa, named for the speed at which Africa was partitioned and colonized, began with King Leopold II 's conquest of the Congo. However, it did not end with the Belgian occupation of the Congo. Just as Leopold 's Congo was demarcated by the vast extraction of raw materials, most notably rubber, other European powers used African colonies as resource markets. However, economic motivations were not the sole stimulus for colonial expansion into Africa during the late 19th century. The causalities of the Scramble for Africa, and subsequent partition, are the result of a complex interplay between social, political, and economic forces both within Africa and within Europe.... [tags: Europe, Colonialism, Africa, United Kingdom]
2466 words (7 pages)
- The Democratic Republic of the Congo was one of the leading nations in the world 22,000 years ago in the field of science and inventions. In the 1950’s, a Belgian archeologist, Prof. J. de Heinzelin, found a 10-cm long bone in Ishango village, near the current border between the Congo and Uganda. Heinzelin noticed patterns on the Ishango bone; he concluded later that the essential use of the prehistoric device was to do arithmetic calculations used as a calculator and a calendar (Pletser 1). The Ishango Bones, though basic, indicate a form of advanced knowledge in mathematics and astronomy the Congolese had 220 centuries ago.... [tags: The Poisonwood Bible]
1432 words (4.1 pages)
- Joseph Conrad’s novel, Heart of Darkness, is told in a narrative frame, which is one of the contributions to the complexity of the novel. Conrad employs an unknown narrator who tells the outside picture and Marlo, who tells the inside picture of the novel. Marlow narrates the darkness of the novel as he ventures of into the Congo River as an employee for “The Company” where he collects ivory and meets Kurtz. Upon Marlo’s adventure Conrad employs an extension of incredibly ambiguous, as well as blatantly obvious symbols.... [tags: Congo, symbols, colonization]
799 words (2.3 pages)
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1582 words (4.5 pages)
- Introduction This is a tale of horror and tragedy in the Congo, beginning with the brutal and exploitative regime of King Leopold II of Belgium, and culminating with the downfall of one of Africa’s most influential figures, Patrice Lumumba. The Congo is but one example of the greater phenomenon of European occupation of Africa. The legacy of this period gives rise to persistent problems in the Congo and throughout Africa. Understanding the roots and causes of this event, as focused through the lense of the Congo, is the subject of this paper.... [tags: History of the Congo]
3965 words (11.3 pages)
- When the word ‘genocide’ is mentioned, the Holocaust is almost always the first one to come to mind. It was one of the most horrible and inhumane events of mankind, but it wasn’t the deadliest or even most brutal genocide. While approximately six million Jews were murdered, an even more death-dealing incident took place forty-years earlier in what is now called the Democratic Republic of the Congo. In a span of twenty-five gruesome years, over ten-million Congolese were slaughtered and mutilated ("Congo Free State, 1885-1908").... [tags: political issues, genocide]
2152 words (6.1 pages)
- Over a period from 1960-1965, the first Republic of the Congo experienced a period of serious crisis. There was a terrible war for power that displayed senseless violence and the desperation to rule. There were many internal conflicts among the people. The country eventually gained independence from Belgium. For many countries this would be a time for celebration. Unfortunately for the people of the Congo this became a time to forget. Almost immediately after independence and the general elections, the country went into civil war.... [tags: World History ]
2492 words (7.1 pages)
- The Congo is an African country ruined by European imperialism. It was taken over by King Leopold II of Belgium in 1885. In 1908 the Congo would become known as the Belgian Congo. During Leopold’s rule in the Congo he was accused of enslaving the Congolese and killing 10 million of them through forced labor, starvation and outright extermination. Belgium’s rule of the Congo caused other European countries to “race” for power in African colonies; this was called the “Scramble for Africa”. The events that occurred during Leopold’s reign are examples of why imperialism should be outlawed, because of the Congo before, during, and after Belgian imperialism.... [tags: African history, European imperialism]
1537 words (4.4 pages)
- Genocide in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda was inspired by Belgian influence and colonization. The use of missionaries as intermediaries in the Congo was one of the most successful forms of governance for the Belgian Empire in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. These intermediaries were the way in which Belgium could expand its might almost indirectly, while perpetuating genocide in order to spread fear among the Congolese and strengthen Belgian economic expansion. Belgian influence also expanded into Rwanda after World War I, when Rwanda became a protectorate of Belgium.... [tags: Colonialism, Slavery, Belgium, Africa]
1107 words (3.2 pages)
- King Leopold and the Belgian Congo It is widely debated why exactly King Leopold decided to conquer the Congo, but the general consensus seems to be that it was out of the belief that “the highlands of the Congo may be as rich in gold as the mountains of the western slope of the American Continent” (Stead). In the mid-1870s, the King hired Henry Stanley, who was familiar with many parts of Africa, to help him go about conquering. During the following years Stanley stayed in Africa, talking various tribes into signing over their lands and rights.... [tags: African History Essays]
626 words (1.8 pages)
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