The Colonization Of The Congo Essay

The Colonization Of The Congo Essay

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The Scramble for Africa, named for the speed at which Africa was partitioned and colonized, began with King Leopold II 's conquest of the Congo. However, it did not end with the Belgian occupation of the Congo. Just as Leopold 's Congo was demarcated by the vast extraction of raw materials, most notably rubber, other European powers used African colonies as resource markets. However, economic motivations were not the sole stimulus for colonial expansion into Africa during the late 19th century. The causalities of the Scramble for Africa, and subsequent partition, are the result of a complex interplay between social, political, and economic forces both within Africa and within Europe. The colonization of Africa could not have been as extensive without priming conditions within both continents, nor can the impetus for the colonization of Africa be isolated to a single factor. [insert thesis here]
One of the most crucial factors that allowed the colonization of Africa to occur when it did was the industrial revolution. The Industrial Revolution is demarcated by an inundation of new technologies, mass production, and the improvement of existing technologies. Four innovations that were made possible by the Industrial Revolution were the steam engine, the telegraph machine,the railroad, and the machine gun.
One ostensible challenge to a widespread colonization of Africa, prior to the Industrial Revolution, is the large distance between Europe and Africa. Not only is the distance problematic in terms of transporting people, but also in terms of the transportation of goods and raw materials. However, with the advent of the steam engine, mass quantities of goods and natural resources could be transported in significantly shorter amount of...


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...o European economies since their currency was valued according to the gold standard. Since the currency is gold-backed, European countries could not print or issue any more money than they had gold for. Since putting more money into an economy is one way to stimulate a depressed economy, the potential for gaining more could was enticing. Since established source of Gold, at the time, were diminishing it was even more important to each nation to secure a colony that could be mined for gold because the "power and stability" of western European countries relied on gold. The necessity to conquer those areas known for gold, such as the Transvaal, was exacerbated by the "protectionist" mindset of the European Nations. Since each nation was operating with an "every man for himself" philosophy, there were high stakes if a nation did not colonize areas with gold. So while the

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The Colonization Of The Congo Essay

- The Scramble for Africa, named for the speed at which Africa was partitioned and colonized, began with King Leopold II 's conquest of the Congo. However, it did not end with the Belgian occupation of the Congo. Just as Leopold 's Congo was demarcated by the vast extraction of raw materials, most notably rubber, other European powers used African colonies as resource markets. However, economic motivations were not the sole stimulus for colonial expansion into Africa during the late 19th century. The causalities of the Scramble for Africa, and subsequent partition, are the result of a complex interplay between social, political, and economic forces both within Africa and within Europe....   [tags: Europe, Colonialism, Africa, United Kingdom]

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