In 1492, Columbus, the first of the Spanish explorers, sailed the Atlantic Ocean for the purpose of converting the inhabitants of the land he arrived on (thought to be Asia) to Christianity. He wanted to use them, according to Taylor’s writings in American Colonies, “to recruit their bodies and wealth to assist Europeans in a final crusade to crush Islam and reclaim Jerusalem. (p.33)” Getting to the Americas, he immediately decided to start a colony, Hispaniola. This first colony, experience great hardships such as people suffering from malnutrition, sickness and disease. However, Columbus’ new colonization certainly paved the way for other Spanish soldiers and militant leaders to quickly start their expedition toward the new lands. The Spanish colonies consisted greatly of clergymen and conquistadores, predominantly male, seeking to conquer copious amounts of land that they could. Their attitude toward the acquisition of the territory they decided to populate was extremely headstrong and powerful. They came in with the intent...
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The English had major conflicts themselves with the Natives. King Phillips (Metacom’s) War in 1675 was a major conflict between the New English puritans and the Indians. The fighting began after the hanging of 3 Wampanoag men convicted of murdering John Sassamon, a Wampanoag Indian leader and Christian minister. The Indians began attacking and destroying English towns. It was called “the bloodiest Indian war in their history (p.199).” Thousands of the English were killed and about three thousand Indians were killed as well.
English and Spanish colonization had many similarities such as coming to the land because of the social unrest in their mother countries, displacing and disrupting the Indian population for conversion purposes, and interest in riches off the land. Among these similarities are many differences in how each carried out their desires.
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- Colonization of the Americas was done by both the Spanish and English in the late 1400s to late 1500s respectively. They had quite a few similarities such as the hardships they encountered in their homelands that embarked them on their journeys to explore and even, in some ways, their rule over the new land had some likeness as well. The differences between them lie in the specifics of their exploration and their relationship with the Indian groups who already inhabited the space they took over.... [tags: Colonialism, United States, Spanish language]
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